Rebekah Harkness

Rebekah West Harkness (April 17, 1915 – June 17, 1982) also known as Betty Harkness, was an American composer, sculptor, dance patron, and philanthropist who founded the Harkness Ballet. In 1947, she married William Hale "Bill" Harkness, an attorney and heir to the Standard Oil fortune of William L. Harkness, which made her one of the wealthiest women in America. In addition to her marriage, Harkness also became well known for her personal eccentricities, as well as her contributions to the arts.

Rebekah Harkness
Rebekah Harkness publicity photo.jpg
Born
Rebekah Semple West

(1915-04-17)April 17, 1915
Died17 June 1982(1982-06-17) (aged 67)
New York City, U.S.
Other namesBetty Harkness
EducationJohn Burroughs School
Fermata
Alma materFranklin Pierce College
Known forHarkness Ballet
Spouse(s)
Dickson W. Pierce
(m. 1939; div. 1946)

William Hale Harkness
(m. 1947; died 1954)

(m. 1961; div. 1965)

Niels Lauersen
(m. 1974; div. 1977)
Children3

Early lifeEdit

Rebekah Semple West was born in St. Louis, Missouri in 1915. She was the second daughter of three children to Allen Tarwater West, a stockbroker and co-founder of G. H. Walker & Co., and Rebekah Cook (née Semple) West.[1] Her grandfather founded the St. Louis Union Trust Company.[2] Neither parent was involved in the upbringing of the children, leaving them to be raised primarily by nannies. Harkness took up dancing and ice skating to lose weight and was highly disciplined in both endeavors. She attended the Rossman School and John Burroughs School in St. Louis, and then the Fermata School for Girls in Aiken, South Carolina, which she graduated from in 1932. Harkness was friends with a young Potter Stewart, whom she affectionately called "Potsie," and their relationship was written about by her biographer Craig Unger.[2]

After graduating in 1932, she and a group of female friends formed the Bitch Pack, a sub-culture of local debutantes who enjoyed subverting society events, including lacing punchbowls with mineral oil and performing stripteases on banquet tables.[3] Harkness would also continue to study dance and piano, and studied ballet with Victoria Cassau, who was a student of Anna Pavlova.[4]

CareerEdit

In the 1960s, Harkness became well known as a philanthropist and patron of the arts.[5] Through the Rebekah Harkness Foundation, Harkness sponsored Jerome Robbins and the Joffrey Ballet.[6] When the Joffrey Ballet refused to rename their company in Harkness' honor, she withdrew funding and hired most of the Joffrey dancers to her new company, the Harkness Ballet.[7] In addition to founding the Harkness Ballet, Harkness launched a ballet school and home for the company called Harkness House,[8] as well as a refurbished 1,250-seat theater, which presented the Harkness Ballet and other dance companies to New York audiences.[9] Through the William Hale Harkness Foundation, she sponsored construction of a medical research building at the New York Hospital and supported a number of medical research projects.[10][11]

Later in life, she studied in Fontainebleau, France, with Nadia Boulanger, at the Institut Jaques-Dalcroze in Geneva, and the Mannes College of Music, New York. She also studied orchestration with Lee Hoiby and received a Doctor of Fine Arts degree from the Franklin Pierce College in Rindge, New Hampshire, in 1968.[12]

Public image and philanthropyEdit

Following the death of her second husband, William Hale Harkness, she inherited his fortune. She soon became the owner of a vast amount of properties, and indulged in many luxuries. Harkness' passions for dance and music followed her into adulthood. She used much of her inheritance to become a patron of the ballet, as well as to compose music. Her 1955 tone poem, Safari Suite, was performed at Carnegie Hall, and in 1957 she released an album titled Music With a Heartbeat.[4] Harkness also surrounded herself with other well-known creatives, like yogi B.K.S. Iyengar[4] and Salvador Dalí, who would design her urn upon her death.

Tabloids became fascinated with Harkness as she was known for being an eccentric, who filled her pool with Dom Pérignon and dyed her neighbor's cat green following an argument.[13] Many of her neighbors at her Holiday House in Watch Hill, RI complained about her extravagant parties and how she would allow her dancers to practice under a geodesic dome she had placed on her front lawn.[14]

Known for having many lovers throughout her life, her final lover was a man by the name of Bobby Scevers,[14] a dancer who was 25 years her junior and a self-identified homosexual. Scevers had a disdain for Harkness's family, and was one of the last people to speak with Harkness alive. Toward the end of her life, Harkness also began taking testosterone injections and pills in order to keep dancing, however these did not help and instead caused a dependance on testosterone.[14]

A philanthropist, Harkness supported the Joffrey Ballet for years, as well as the Harkness Ballet Foundation and the William Hale Harkness Foundation. Harkness later donated $2 million to the William Hale Harkness Medical Research Building at the New York Hospital and supported medical research on Parkinson's disease.[4]

MarriagesEdit

On June 10, 1939, Harkness married Dickson W. Pierce, the son of Thomas M. Pierce.[1] Before their divorce in 1946, they had two children; Allen Pierce (b. 1940) and Anne Terry Pierce (b. 1944).[9][15] Following the divorce, Harkness gained custody of both children. Allen shot and killed a man in a brawl and was charged with second-degree murder, the charge eventually being reduced to manslaughter,[4] with Allen serving a total of eight years. Anne married Anthony McBride in 1966[1] and had a severely brain-damaged baby who died at age 10.[4]

On October 1, 1947, Harkness married William Hale Harkness (1900–1954), the son of William Lamon Harkness, both Standard Oil heirs. Before his death in August 1954, they had one child together; Edith Hale Harkness (1948–1982).[3] Edith married Kenneth Perry McKinnon in 1971,[16] and was in and out of mental institutions before eventually committing suicide after many attempts, just months following her mother's death.[17]

In 1961, Harkness married Ben Kean (c. 1912–1993),[18] a physician who was a professor of Tropical Medicine at the Cornell Medical College.[15] They divorced in 1965.[19]

In 1974, she married Niels H. Lauersen, another physician, who was 20 years her junior.[20] They divorced in 1977.[21]

DeathEdit

Harkness died of stomach cancer in her Manhattan home on June 17, 1982 at the age of 67.[2][4] During her final days, Harkness began to reconcile with her children. Following her death, a memorial was held at the family home before Harkness was cremated, and her ashes were placed in a $250,000 spinning urn designed by Salvador Dalí, then placed in the Harkness Mausoleum in Woodlawn Cemetery.[22]

In popular cultureEdit

Harkness' "Holiday House" in Watch Hill, Rhode Island was acquired in 2013 by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift.[23] In 2020, Swift wrote the song "The Last Great American Dynasty" for her eighth studio album Folklore (2020), in which she tells Harkness' life story and draws parallels between Harkness’ highly publicized life and her own.[24]

An American Ballet Story is an upcoming documentary film directed by Leslie Strait and sponsored by the International Documentary Association.[25] It explores the Harkness' legacy and her company, Harkness Ballet.[26]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Anne Pierce, 1962 Debutante, Married to Anthony McBride". The New York Times. 19 July 1966. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Dunning, Jennifer (19 June 1982). "Rebekah West Harkness, 67, Patron of Dance and Medicine". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b Harrison, Barbara Grizzuti (22 May 1988). "'Is There a Chic Way to Go?'". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Harkness, Rebekah (1915–1982) | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  5. ^ McDonagh, Don (2 November 1967). "Harkness Ballet Takes the Bid Step to Broadway". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  6. ^ "Patrician of the Dance; Rebekah West Harkness". The New York Times. 26 August 1966. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  7. ^ Barnes, Clive (15 January 1969). "The Dance: Rebekah Harkness Ballet Goes Dutch; Madrigalesco' Given American Premiere 3 Other Works Offered as Troupe Returns". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  8. ^ Aderer, Rhoda (19 November 1965). "Harkness House Opened as Home For Ballet Arts; Lynda Johnson Attends -- City s Medal Given To Woman Donor". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  9. ^ a b Warren, Virginia Lee (18 July 1971). "The Humble Beginnings Of an Elegant Mansion". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  10. ^ Kisselgoff, Anna (15 March 1997). "Lauding and Forgiving a Patron". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  11. ^ Winfrey, Carey (21 June 1977). "Curtain Falls on Harkness Theater". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Franklin Pierce University". osau.com. Retrieved 2020-12-12.
  13. ^ Woytus, Amanda (2020-07-25). "The story of Rebekah Harkness is way more complicated than Taylor Swift lets on". www.stlmag.com. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  14. ^ a b c "Spoiled Facts About Rebekah Harkness, The Last Great American Heiress". Factinate. 2020-08-20. Retrieved 2020-12-11.
  15. ^ a b "Debut Here June 21 For Terry Pierce". The New York Times. 18 May 1962. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  16. ^ Times, Special To The New York (28 April 1971). "Miss Edith H. Harkness Wed To Kenneth Mckinnon, Lawyer". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  17. ^ LLC, New York Media (1983-06-27). New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC.
  18. ^ Lambert, Bruce (September 26, 1993). "Benjamin H. Kean, Shah's Physician, Dies at 81". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
  19. ^ "Rebekah Semple". geni_family_tree. Retrieved 2020-12-12.
  20. ^ "Notes on People; Gov. Thomson Asks States to Sue the U.S." The New York Times. 3 January 1975. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  21. ^ Hartocollis, Anemona (14 May 2006). "Out of Prison, Doctor Hopes to Regenerate His Lost Fame". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  22. ^ The New York Times, 1988
  23. ^ Collins, David (May 5, 2013). "Taylor Swift is buying into a rich Watch Hill tradition". The Day. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  24. ^ Sager, Jessica (July 27, 2020). "Taylor Swift's Folklore Is Here! And We Broke Down All the Easter Eggs So You Don't Have To". Parade. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  25. ^ "Home". www.anamericanballetstory.com. Retrieved 2020-12-26.
  26. ^ "An American Ballet Story". International Documentary Association. 2016-04-13. Retrieved 2020-12-26.

Further readingEdit

  • Craig Unger, Blue Blood, St Martins, November, 1989, ISBN 0312917775.

External linksEdit