Rindge, New Hampshire
Rindge is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 6,014 at the 2010 census. Rindge is home to Franklin Pierce University, the Cathedral of the Pines, and part of Annett State Forest.
|Rindge, New Hampshire|
Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire
|• Board of Selectmen||
Roberta Oeser, Chair|
|• Town Administrator||Joe Byk|
|• Total||40.0 sq mi (103.5 km2)|
|• Land||37.2 sq mi (96.3 km2)|
|• Water||2.8 sq mi (7.2 km2) 6.93%|
|Elevation||1,296 ft (395 m)|
|• Density||150/sq mi (58/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC−4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873707|
Native American inhabitantsEdit
The land in and around Rindge was originally inhabited by ancestors of the Abenaki tribe of Native Americans. Archeological evidence from nearby Swanzey indicates that the region was inhabited as much as 11,000 years ago (coinciding with the end of the last glacial period). As much as half of the Western Abenakis were victims of a wave of epidemics that coincided with the arrival of Europeans in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. Later, many of the Western Abenaki present in southwestern New Hampshire chose to relocate to Canada during Colonial times, primarily due to their allegiance with the French during the French and Indian Wars.
Settlement by European colonistsEdit
In the eighteenth century, Massachusetts granted unappropriated land to veterans of Sir William Phipps' 1690 expedition against French-held Canada as compensation for services. Whole townships were granted to certain military companies and became known as "Canada" townships. Granted in 1736 by Governor Jonathan Belcher to soldiers from Rowley, Massachusetts, Rindge was first known as Rowley-Canada. But the Masonian proprietors were making competing claims to the area, and in 1740 commissioners of the Crown decided that the boundary between Massachusetts and New Hampshire lay south of Rowley-Canada. Consequently, it was re-granted in 1749 by Governor Benning Wentworth as Monadnock No. 1, or South Monadnock. The town would be incorporated in 1768 by Governor John Wentworth as Rindge, in honor of Captain Daniel Rindge of Portsmouth, one of the original grant holders, and the one who represented New Hampshire's claim to the land before the king.
Captain Abel Platts is credited as being Rindge's first temporary settler, arriving in 1738 to take possession of his family's land grant. But disputes about the grants, combined with the outbreak in 1744 of King George's War, made it untenable to remain in Rindge, so early settlers abandoned it. Platts and others returned in 1752, and starting in 1758, settlement increased steadily. There were 1,274 residents by 1859, when water powered industries included three gristmills, thirteen sawmills, thirteen shingle mills, six stave mills, two planing mills, and several clapboard mills.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.0 square miles (104 km2), of which 37.2 sq mi (96 km2) is land and 2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2) is water, comprising 6.93% of the town. Rindge is located in a hilly upland lake region. Hubbard Pond is in the northeast, Contoocook Lake on the northern boundary, Pearly Lake is in the northwest, and Lake Monomonac is on the southern boundary. The town is located on a regional watershed divide and is the headwaters for two river systems. The Contoocook River flows north to the Merrimack River, thence to the Gulf of Maine, and the North Branch of the Millers River flows southwest to the Connecticut River, thence to Long Island Sound. Rindge's highest point is on its eastern border, on the lower slopes of Pratt Mountain, where the elevation reaches 1,505 feet (459 m) above sea level.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,451 people, 1,502 households, and 1,138 families residing in the town. The population density was 146.6 people per square mile (56.6/km2). There were 1,863 housing units at an average density of 50.1 per square mile (19.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.21% White, 1.16% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population. 15.1% were of English, 11.2% Finnish, 11.0% Irish, 9.5% French, 9.3% French Canadian, 8.9% American and 7.5% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 1,502 households of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.4% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.2% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.30.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 26.3% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $50,494, and the median income for a family was $52,500. Males had a median income of $36,268 versus $27,204 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,495. About 4.3% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.
Rindge belongs to the Jaffrey-Rindge Cooperative School District, which has a total of four schools. Rindge is also the home of Franklin Pierce University.
- Colleges and universities
- Public high schools
- Public middle and grade schools
- Rindge Memorial School
- Jaffrey Grade School (located in Jaffrey)
- Jaffrey-Rindge Middle School (located in Jaffrey)
- Private schools
Sites of interestEdit
- Annett Wayside Park, part of Annett State Forest, includes picnic tables, toilets, and a hiking trail to Black Reservoir.
- Cathedral of the Pines, a national memorial for all American war dead. The location had been selected by Lieutenant Sanderson Sloane and his wife as the place to build their home when he returned from World War II. A cathedral was created by his parents, Dr. and Mrs. Douglas Sloane, after learning that their son was lost when the bomber he flew was shot down over Germany on February 22, 1944.
- Rindge Historical Society.
- The Rindge Meeting House, built in 1796, is one of the largest town meeting houses in northern New England and one of the few civic buildings in the region that still straddles the separation of church and state. The building is owned by the town, and the second floor is leased to the First Congregational Church, which uses it for services and other church functions. The first floor is still used for town functions such as Zoning Board meetings as well as community functions such as fairs, Scout meetings, exercise classes, and the like.
- George P. Barker, state congressman from New York
- Addison Gardiner, Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals and lieutenant governor of New York
- Enoch Hale, militia colonel
- Nathan Hale, military officer
- Amasa Norcross, U.S. congressman
- Edward Payson, preacher
- Mary Lee Ware, farmer, philanthropist, patron sponsor of Harvard's Glass Flowers collection
- Marshall Pickney Wilder, merchant, amateur horticulturalist, and politician
- United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 632–633.
- Stearns, Ezra. History of the Town of Rindge. Boston: George Ellis, 1875, Reprinted by Phoenix Publishing, 1988. p. 37.
- Stearns, p. 35.
- "HISTORY OF RINDGE, CHESHIRE COUNTY, NEW HAMPSHIRE". www.nh.searchroots.com. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
- Stearns, p. 66–67.
- U.S. Geological Survey. "Rindge, USGS Monadnock Mountain (NH) Topo Map". TopoQuest.com. Retrieved 2008-06-29.
- Town of Rindge. "Master Plan, Chapter 3: Natural Resources" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-10. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.