Rebecca Chambers

  (Redirected from Rebecca Chambers (Resident Evil))

Rebecca Chambers (レベッカ・チェンバース, Rebekka Chenbāsu) is a character in Resident Evil (Biohazard in Japan), a survival horror video game series created by Japanese company Capcom. She was first introduced as a supporting character in the original Resident Evil video game and became player character of the prequel game Resident Evil Zero. In the first Resident Evil, Rebecca is a young officer with the Raccoon City Police Department's Special Tactics And Rescue Service (S.T.A.R.S.) unit and is trapped in a zombie-infested mansion. Zero depicts the events before that ordeal, during which she is separated from her team and forced to partner with escaped convict Billy Coen to survive similar circumstances.

Rebecca Chambers
Resident Evil character
Rebecca Chambers Resident Evil 0.png
Rebecca Chambers in Resident Evil Zero
First appearanceResident Evil (1996)
Designed byIsao Ohishi and Jun Takeuchi (Resident Evil)
Voiced by
Various

Rebecca also appears in several Resident Evil games and is one of the heroes of the Resident Evil novel series, that includes novelizations of earlier series materials as well as animated film. She was played by American actress Erin Cahill in the CG animated sequel, Resident Evil: Vendetta.

Rebecca has received mostly positive reviews from video game publications, with some critics praising her for being a formidable female character who does not conform to stereotypical gender norms.

Concept and designEdit

 
Canadian stage actress Riva Di Paola voiced Rebecca in Resident Evil Zero

Introduced in Resident Evil Zero, her character design was created after the game were first developed for the Nintendo 64.[2] Her standard outfit is rather androgynous, Rebecca's alternate costumes in the games "expose her midriff and voluptuous shape".[3] Her design was also adjusted when she lost her beret and shoulder pads.[4] While Chris Redfield and Jill Valentine seem to have been in the Resident Evil cast from the start, Rebecca and Barry Burton were not.[5] In pre-production, other characters were conceived. Dewey, an African-American man, was intended to perform a comic relief role, while Gelzer, a big cyborg, was a typical "strongman" character. Both were later replaced, by Rebecca and Barry, respectively.[6] In the prototype's story, either Rebecca or Billy could die with the other character surviving and completing the game. This idea was scrapped as Rebecca dying would ruin the canon of the Resident Evil timeline.[7] The game's director Shinji Mikami said in 2014: "If I had to name the woman character I most disliked in my games it would be Rebecca Chambers. She’s submissive, she’s not independent. I didn’t want to include her but the staff wanted that kind of character in the game, for whatever reason. I’m sure it made sense to them. And in Japan, that character is pretty popular."[8] In the remake of RE0, Rebecca's has pre-order bonuses, including a nurse costume for her.[9] In the film Resident Evil: Vendetta, Hiroyuki Kobayashi and the team decided to use Rebecca's addition in order to generate another contrast with Resident Evil 6.[10]

PortrayalEdit

In the original Resident Evil, Rebecca is portrayed in the game's live-action cut-scenes by an unknown actress simply credited as "Linda" and voiced by an uncredited Lynn Harris, who also worked as the voice-over director of the game.[1] In 2002 Resident Evil, she was voiced by English actress Hope Levy, and Ami Koshimizu in Japanese.[1] In Resident Evil 0, she was voiced by Riva Di Paola.[1] In Resident Evil: The Umbrella Chronicles and Resident Evil: The Mercenaries 3D, she was voiced by Stephanie Sheh.[1] In Resident Evil: Vendetta, she was voiced by English actress Erin Cahill and Japanese actress Ami Koshimizu.[1]

AppearancesEdit

In Resident Evil seriesEdit

Rebecca Chambers makes her first appearance in the original 1996 Resident Evil as a supporting character for Chris Redfield, a fellow officer in the U.S. special police force Special Tactics And Rescue Service (S.T.A.R.S.). She is an 18-year-old[11] rookie member of the unit's Bravo Team and serves as a field medic additionally in charge of rear security. Before she joined the force, she was a child prodigy and graduated from college at only 18 years old.[12] Rebecca arrives at the Arklay Research Facility to investigate a series of cannibalistic murders with her comrades lost and scattered across the Arklay Mountains. Her introduction and other appearances throughout the first game vary depending on the path the player chooses and she can be controlled during portions of the story. She may die an off-screen death as well. Canonically, Rebecca is ultimately rescued by Chris and the Alpha Team and she emerges as Bravo Team's sole survivor of the incident in the canon version of the story.[13]

In Resident Evil Zero, a prequel to Resident Evil, Rebecca is one of two protagonists. Shortly after Bravo Team had been dispatched to the Arklay Mountains to investigate the murders, she enters a seemingly abandoned train. Coming under attack by zombies and mutated animals, Rebecca encounters escaped death-row military prisoner Billy Coen and cooperates with him.[14][15] The two discover that the viral zombie outbreak has been masterminded by James Marcus who had been one of the Umbrella Corporation's top scientists but was assassinated on behalf of the company, only to be revived by the monsters created by him. Rebecca and Billy escape from the train and find themselves in an old underground facility of Umbrella Corporation that was overtaken by Marcus in his lust for revenge. In the end, they manage to destroy both Marcus and the facility. Rebecca allows Billy to escape, falsely reporting his death to the authorities.[16]

Rebecca appears in Resident Evil: The Umbrella Chronicles which summarizes the events of Resident Evil Zero and details her later experiences leading up to Resident Evil. The game pairs her with fellow STARS Bravo team member Richard Aiken as they work together to fend off hordes of undead creatures.[17]

She has survived the events of Resident Evil 2,[18] in which the character makes an easter egg type cameo appearance in an undeveloped film on Wesker's desk.[19] Rebecca is also a playable character in Resident Evil 5 Gold Edition in its minigame mode Mercenaries Reunion,[20] as well as an unlockable character in Resident Evil: The Mercenaries 3D.[21]

In filmEdit

A computer-animated film starring Rebecca was released in 2017, titled Resident Evil: Vendetta. In the film, Rebecca, long retired as a police officer, now works in university as a professor, using her knowledge of medicine to develop possible cures for viruses. When her laboratory is attacked by bio-terrorists, Rebecca is exposed to the new A-virus but uses her newly researched vaccine to save herself.[22] She was voiced by English actress, Erin Cahill and Japanese actress, Ami Koshimizu.[1]

Other appearancesEdit

Rebecca plays a central role in S. D. Perry's Resident Evil novels written in 1998–2004, namely in the original stories Resident Evil: Caliban Cove[23] and Resident Evil: Underworld,[24] as well as in the novelizations of the games in which she appears (Resident Evil: The Umbrella Conspiracy and Resident Evil: Zero Hour).[25][26]

In the 2015 stage play Biohazard: The Stage, Rebecca was played by Rin Asuka.[27] In the play, she is a professor teaching at a university in western Australia. The place becomes a scene of a bio-terrorist incident, which reunites her with Chris Redfield as they once again work together.[28][29]

In Capcom's theme restaurant "Biohazard Cafe & Grill S.T.A.R.S.", it opened with "Rebecca-Style Dessert" in the menu.[30]

ReceptionEdit

Biohazard's Jill Valentine, Claire Redfield and Rebecca Chambers, Miku in Project Zero and potentially Heather in Silent Hill, are practical and resourceful. And they 'kick ass'. This is an area where videogames really have the lead on films - in the horror film genre women are often little more than pouting, screaming conduits for male aggression.[31]

Rebecca has received mostly positive reception. Some video game journalists, such as PlayStation Official Magazine, felt that "her starring role in Resident Evil Zero made her a fan favourite."[32] Edge listed Rebecca, as "strong, non-exploitative female leads" who are "undeniably attractive, but they don't ponce about in leather cat suits."[33] Spanish magazine PlanetStation ranked her as second top "pair of neurons" in their 1999 listings of the best PlayStation characters.[34] In 2008, Chris Buffa of GameDaily featured her as its "Babe of the Week" as "a true American hero".[35] Thilo Bayer of PC Games Hardware also included her among the 112 most important female characters in games.[36] Andrew Clouther of GameZone ranked Rebecca as tenth of badass females in the Resident Evil franchise, she said that "Her first mission involved zombies, trains and mansions. While timid around her fellow S.T.A.R.S. members, she proves to be skilled in both combat and medical assistance."[37] In 2017, Inverse's Jessica Famularo ranked her as the sixth best character in the series, said that "Rebecca may seem vulnerable, but she’s actually a fiercely loyal companion and capable field medic. Folks love her for her soft, gentle personality — it’s certainly a pleasant contrast to the chaos going on in the world around her."[38] In May 2019, Brittany Vincent of SyFy described Rebecca as a "video game heroine." She also said that "Unlike Jill or Claire, Rebecca never really got a chance to shine after Resident Evil 0, but she kicked enough ass in her one starring game to last the whole damn series. Her bravery in the face of Umbrella's nightmare is the reason why she's May's Video Game Heroine of the Month."[39] In March 2022, Brendan Caldwell of Rock Paper Shotgun noted that Rebecca was a minor NPC who became a major character. Despite saying that "Resident Evil characters have a hard time retaining a personality as it is, she was seen as interesting enough by the developers to make her the co-protagonist of Resident Evil 0."[40]

Joystiq's David Hinkle praised her inclusion in Resident Evil 5's downloadable content, similarly stating "we're all for bringing [her] back."[41] GameRevolution's David Lozada wanted to see a lesser known character like Rebecca on Resident Evil 8.[42] While evaluating which of the Resident Evil heroes is best dressed to survive a real-life zombie apocalypse, Matt Cundy of GamesRadar+ found Rebecca to be "more practically attired than Ada Wong or Jill Valentine" and remarked on her looks of a "pre-pubescent tom boy."[43]

Rebecca also received some negative reactions from reviewers. A Resident Evil designer, Shinji Mikami said that Rebecca is one of his least favorite female character in the series, he said that "she's submissive and not independent".[44] In Tropes vs. Women in Video Games, feminist media critic Anita Sarkeesian criticized Rebecca's alternate costumes as overly sexualized, particularly the nurse and cheerleader costumes.[45] One of the essays in Nadine Farghaly's Unraveling Resident Evil also criticized and compared Rebecca to a "typical trope" of "a virgin or tomboy".[46]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Rebecca Chambers". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved June 5, 2021.
  2. ^ Capcom Staff (2005). Resident Evil Archives. BradyGames/Capcom. p. 196. ISBN 0-7440-0655-4.
  3. ^ Gladys L. Knight, Female Action Heroes: A Guide to Women in Comics, Video Games, Film, and Television (Greenwood, 2010), p.206.
  4. ^ Studio Bent Stuff (December 27, 2002). "設定資料集". Biohazard 0 Kaitai Shinsho. Capcom. p. 248.
  5. ^ Faulkner, Jason (January 18, 2017). "What Resident Evil Could Have Been". Shacknews. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
  6. ^ Yota (November 4, 2008). "Resident Evil 1 [PSX – Beta / Concept]". Unseen64.
  7. ^ "Resident Evil 0 - Developer Diary 2". Archived from the original on February 10, 2017. Retrieved February 4, 2017 – via YouTube.
  8. ^ Stuart, Keith (September 30, 2014). "Shinji Mikami: the godfather of horror games". The Guardian.
  9. ^ "'Resident Evil Origins Collection' Release: Pre-order Now Available, Unlock Convict and Nurse Outfits". Venture Capital Post. November 6, 2015. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  10. ^ Kevin Fenix (July 5, 2017). "Interview with Resident Evil: Vendetta's Hiroyuki Kobayashi". FanboyNation. Retrieved June 27, 2022.
  11. ^ Jan Jagodzinski, Youth Fantasies: The Perverse Landscape of the Media (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), p.156.
  12. ^ Resident Evil Zero: BradyGames Official Strategy Guide, page 18
  13. ^ "Resident Evil: The Aftermath". GameSpot. October 17, 2007. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  14. ^ Herold, Charles (March 20, 2003). "GAME THEORY; Where Heroes Get Help, and Villains Get Their Due - New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
  15. ^ "Oh, the Horror! - IGN". IGN UK. November 6, 2002. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
  16. ^ Turi, Tim (November 24, 2012). "Resident Evil 0 features". GameInformer. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
  17. ^ "Resident Evil: The Story So Far". IGN. August 29, 2020. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
  18. ^ "Resident Evil Good Guys". UGO. July 29, 2010. Archived from the original on November 22, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
  19. ^ Gouskos, Carrie (August 29, 2005). "The Greatest Easter Eggs In Gaming". GameSpot. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  20. ^ Chester, Nick (June 12, 2021). "Barry and Rebbca get lost in Resident Evil 5 DLC nightmare". Destructoid. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  21. ^ Holmes, Jonathan (June 11, 2021). "Rebecca Chambers is in Resident Evil: Mercenaries 3DS". Destructoid. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  22. ^ Marnell, Blair (June 27, 2017). "Resident Evil: Vendetta Review". IGN. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  23. ^ Perry, S. D. (1998). Caliban Cove - S. D. Perry. ISBN 9780671024406. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
  24. ^ Perry, S. D. (1999). Underworld - S. D. Perry. ISBN 9780671024420. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
  25. ^ Perry, S. D. (2012). Resident Evil: The Umbrella Conspiracy - S. D. Perry. ISBN 9781781161883. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
  26. ^ Perry, S. D. (2004). Zero Hour - S. D. Perry. ISBN 9780671785116. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
  27. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (October 9, 2015). "Resident Evil Stage Play's Cast Pictured in Costume". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  28. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (July 31, 2015). "Biohazard/Resident Evil Game Series Gets 1st Stage Play in Tokyo in October". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  29. ^ Komatsu, Mikikazu (August 1, 2015). ""Biohazard/Resident Evil" Stage Play Adaptation Planned for October". Crunchyroll. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  30. ^ Reeves, Ben (September 28, 2012). "We Survived A Visit To Japan's Resident Evil Restaurant". Game Informer.
  31. ^ "Digital Women". Edge. No. 121. 2003. p. 43.
  32. ^ Kelly, Andy. "Resident Evil 6 characters: who can, and who can't come back? | PS3 Features". Official PlayStation Magazine. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
  33. ^ "Digital Women: Desire and Loathing in Videogame Industry". Edge. No. 121. p. 61.
  34. ^ PlanetStation 10 p. 40.
  35. ^ Buffa, Chris (September 19, 2008). "Babe of the Week: Rebecca Chambers". GameDaily. Archived from the original on May 25, 2009.
  36. ^ Thilo Bayer (January 1, 2008). "The most important female characters in games". PC Games Hardware. Retrieved July 7, 2010.
  37. ^ Clouther, Andrew (December 18, 2012). "Top 10 badass females in the Resident Evil franchise". GameZone.
  38. ^ Famularo, Jessica (January 12, 2017). "A Definitive Ranking of 'Resident Evil' Heroes". Inverse. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  39. ^ Vincent, Britanny (May 16, 2019). "Video Game Heroine of the Month: Rebecca Chambers, Resident Evil 0". Syfy. Archived from the original on May 16, 2019. Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  40. ^ Caldwell, Brendan (March 4, 2022). "9 minor NPCs who became major characters". Rock Paper Shotgun. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  41. ^ Hinkle, David (February 9, 2010). "Famitsu: Rebecca Chambers and Barry Burton in RE5: Mercenaries Reunion". Joystiq. Archived from the original on October 17, 2010.
  42. ^ Lozada, David (August 13, 2019). "If Resident Evil 8 shows up at Gamescom 2019, here's everything we want to see". GameRevolution. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
  43. ^ Cundy, Matt (March 11, 2009). "Which Resident Evil hero is best dressed for a zombie apocalypse?". GamesRadar+.
  44. ^ Fahey, Mike (October 21, 2014). "Resident Evil Creator Doesn't Want 'Submissive' Women In His Games". Kotaku. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
  45. ^ Sarkeesian, Anita; Enthusiast, Buffy the Vampire Slayer (August 31, 2015). "Women as Reward". Feminist Frequency.
  46. ^ Farghaly, Nadine. Unraveling Resident Evil: Essays on the Complex Universe of the Games and Films. McFarland & Company. p. 128.