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Reamde is a technothriller novel by Neal Stephenson, published in 2011. The story, set in the present day, centers on the plight of a hostage and the ensuing efforts of family and new acquaintances, many of them associated with a fictional MMORPG, to rescue her as her various captors drag her about the globe. Topics covered range from online activities including gold farming and social networking to the criminal methods of the Russian mafia and Islamic terrorists.

Reamde stephenson williammorrow 2011.jpg
AuthorNeal Stephenson
CountryUnited States
PublisherWilliam Morrow (US)
Atlantic Books (UK)
Publication date
September 20, 2011[1]
Media typePrint (hardcover)
LC ClassPS3569.T3868 R43 2011
Followed byFall; or, Dodge in Hell 

Plot summaryEdit

Zula Forthrast, an adopted Eritrean, is given a job by her uncle, Richard "Dodge" Forthrast, at his company which runs an MMORPG called "T'Rain", which has made Richard rich and famous. T'Rain is a fantasy-themed virtual world with an extensive mythological backstory, incorporating an economic system intentionally geared towards meeting the needs of conventional players as well as gold farmers, who specialize in converting in-game currency to actual hard currency.

Zula and her boyfriend, Peter, visit Richard's cat-skiing resort. Desperate for money, Peter sells a database of stolen credit card numbers to a shady contact. The transaction results in a ransomware virus infecting the deal broker's laptop, which contains the only copy of the database. The virus, named "REAMDE" (a typo of README), affects T'Rain players by encrypting any seemingly valuable files and extorting in-game gold in exchange for a key to decrypt those files. As a consequence of the in-game payment method, chaos builds in the virtual world around the region holding the ransom drop points.

Peter, Zula, and the middleman attempt to pay the ransom, but take too long, and the middleman's ultimate client, the Russian mob, finds them in Seattle. After their predicament is explained, Ivanov, the gangster, murders the middleman and takes Peter and Zula hostage. Ivanov has been quietly siphoning funds for risky profit schemes and is trying to save face before his associates punish him for his losses. With information Zula obtains from her employer, they travel to Xiamen, PRC, to track down those behind Reamde and kill them.

Upon arriving in China, Peter, Zula, Csongor (a Hungarian hacker offering the mafia IT support), and Sokolov (a former Spetsnaz security consultant hired by Ivanov), locate the Reamde's perpetrators’ apartment. The Russian team prepares to raid the gold farming team, only to be misdirected by Zula into a random apartment, which coincidentally happens to house Islamic terrorists preparing to bomb an international conference soon to take place in the city. In the subsequent gun battle, Ivanov kills Peter, and Abdallah Jones, a black Welshman who is the head of the Islamist cell and a highly wanted man by the UK's MI6, murders Ivanov. The gold farmers flee the building as a fire sets off the stored explosives and causes it to collapse. Jones flees with Zula as his hostage.

This turning point in the plot introduces Olivia, an MI6 agent who located and was gathering intelligence on Jones in anticipation of assassinating him. The story separates into four main threads at this juncture: Zula and Jones as they flee from the scene; Olivia and Sokolov as both attempt to extricate themselves from their illegal presence in China; Csongor, Marlon (the lead author of the Reamde virus scam), and Yuxia (a local Hakka woman hired as the Russian's driver), as they attempt to rescue Zula; and Richard as he continues to deal with the fallout of Reamde and search for Zula.

Jones takes Zula to a dock where some of Jones' network take them aboard a boat. Csongor comes close to killing Jones but fails, while Yuxia is taken captive for her part in the attempt. Jones' men sail to an airport where he coerces Zula into helping hijack the private jet that brought her and the Russians to China. They fly below radar and into the snowy wilderness of Canada. Mid-flight, Jones’s right-hand man attempts to rape Zula, but she kills him by stabbing him with a broken DVD. The ensuing shots depressurize the cabin and force the pilots to make an emergency landing on an abandoned airstrip, where they are killed by Jones’s men. Zula reveals her relation to Richard to keep herself alive. Jones contacts several Canadian terrorist cells to join with him for what will be a major attack on the Las Vegas Valley, once the US border can be crossed. They aim for Richard's resort and use Zula as leverage to gain his assistance crossing into Idaho.

Csongor and Marlon buy a boat and chase after Jones and rescue Yuxia. They make their move on the terrorist trawler after Jones and Zula have left but manage to save Yuxia and kill all of the terrorists on board. They manage to reach the Philippines, and make their way to Manila Bay, where Marlon assembles his T'Rain crew to start picking up all of the Reamde extortion money and use it to assist the three of them as they try to figure out where to go next.

Sokolov, hoping to kill Jones and save Zula, tracks down Olivia and offers her assistance in getting out of China. Through Zula, Jones knows where to find Sokolov, but Sokolov kills those sent to kill him and Olivia. He lets Jones know he is still alive and warns him not to harm Zula. He and Olivia swim to Taiwanese territory, where they become intimate before she locates a nearby handler. The handler's promises to get them both out in exchange for intelligence on Jones fail to materialize as a hit squad attempts to kill Sokolov as he departs. He escapes, though Olivia thinks he's been killed. Olivia is tasked with further Jones-related work, heading first to the Philippines to meet the last main character to be introduced, Seamus Costello, a CIA operative responsible for Jones-related work solely in the Philippines. They find it unlikely Jones is there, and Olivia heads for the US as a secondary hypothesis on where Jones has gone. Olivia meets Richard to dissuade him from going to China to look for his niece as she now knows everybody is long gone. Seamus remains in the Philippines, so when the T'Rain administrators pick up on Marlon's login to the game, he (and Richard, via T’Rain) finds the trio in an internet cafe and helps bring the three of them to the US to gain new identities.

Richard is also dealing with the virus and trying to integrate a player-originated schism deviating from hard-coded good and evil character assignments to color-based alignments, the brightly colored graphical character palettes against more neutral earth-toned colors, corresponding roughly to stark versus nuanced points of view. A major force behind the realignment originates in the writings of the two principal authors of T'Rain's narrative, one a Cambridge don who writes highly regarded fantasy, the other a pulp author who churns out volumes of poorly regarded fantasy. To provide more balance to the so-called War of Realignment, a new narrative is derived to incorporate Reamde and make sure some of the extorted money ends up in the hands of the numerically weaker earth-toned side.

All of the characters converge on the resort and its US-side counterpart, where Richard's brothers Jake and John, as well as various relatives, live with a community of Christian isolationists and Second Amendment fanatics. The terrorists camp in a location near the resort and inform Richard of their hostage, forcing him to lead them into the US while a small team detonates a suicide bomb near a border crossing as a distraction. Seamus brings the three new Americans to Idaho on a hunch shared with Olivia, who has chanced upon Sokolov in the US and also brought him to Idaho.

After being used as bait, Zula manages to escape and heads out to rescue her uncle. US terrorist cells also converge on the Idaho property, and protagonists and terrorists end up battling one another in a massive gunfight in and around Jake's home, demolishing it. In the end, the terrorists are stopped and Richard kills Jones.

In the coda, it is revealed Richard's oldest brother John was killed by Jones during the firefight, having his head bashed in with his own prosthetic leg, while others receive various levels of injury. Zula and Csongor, Olivia and Sokolov, and Seamus and Yuxia end up in relationships as the story closes at the next Forthrast family reunion.


  • Richard "Dodge" Forthrast, a former marijuana smuggler who launched and still oversees a successful gaming company and runs a cat skiing lodge near the border crossing of his old smuggling route.
  • Zula Forthrast, a 25-year-old Eritrean adoptee educated in geology and programming who works for her Uncle Richard's gaming company and was dating Peter before becoming a highly resourceful kidnapping victim twice over.
  • Peter Curtis, a computer security consultant and boyfriend of Zula until he involves her in his identity theft and sales, leading to their kidnapping and his later murder by Ivanov in Xiamen.
  • Wallace, a Canadian-based Scottish money manager and criminal working for Ivanov and a T'Rain player whose computer and backup system are infected with Reamde. It is implied that he is murdered early on for his failure.
  • Ivanov, a Russian mobster who may have started to go insane after several ministrokes and continuing high blood pressure, entering into several risky endeavors with Wallace, culminating in his desire to go out in a blaze of glory trying to recover the funds in China, where he is shot by Abdallah Jones.
  • Csongor Takács, a 25-year-old freelance Hungarian computer security consultant and sysadmin working for Ivanov. He falls in love with Zula and, like the Russians, is disgusted with Peter's seeming indifference to his own girlfriend.
  • Abdallah Jones, a Welsh-born Muslim-convert terrorist affiliated with Al-Qaeda, jihadists in Pakistan, and other Sunni cells. Distracted by the sight of a cougar and thus shot in the head by Richard Forthrast.
  • Marlon, a Chinese hacker and leader of the group who created the Reamde virus. Zula saves his life, and he becomes friends with Csongor and Yuxia on an unexpected sailboat voyage.
  • Qian Yuxia, a Hakka guide and part-time tea saleswoman. She becomes friends with Zula in Xiamen, at first through selling tea, then learning each other's body language. When Yuxia sees Zula crying in distress that Zula has gotten Yuxia into trouble, Yuxia will do anything to become an ally.
  • Olivia Halifax-Lin, a British citizen of Chinese descent and an MI6 operative tasked with finding Abdallah Jones in China.
  • Sokolov, a former Russian military and Spetsnaz man who now acts as a security consultant operating out of Toronto, hired by Ivanov to find the Chinese virus writers. Highly trained in military arts, he ends up defending Zula and romantically involved with Olivia.
  • Seamus Costello, a CIA operative based in the Philippines who is obsessed with neutralizing Abdallah Jones. Also an avid T'Rain player.
  • John Forthrast, the eldest Forthrast brother who lost both legs in Vietnam and took parental responsibility for Zula after his sister Patricia died. Beaten to death by Abdallah Jones.
  • Jacob "Jake" Forthrast, the youngest Forthrast brother, a Christian isolationist who lives with his immediate family and like-minded neighbors in Idaho near Prohibition Crick, a former safe house on Richard's old drug smuggling route.
  • Donald "D-squared" Cameron, a Cambridge fellow and author of highly regarded fantasy fiction contracted to provide a broad, consistent narrative of T'Rain.
  • Devin "Skeletor" Skraelin, an absurdly prolific pulp fantasy author under long-term contract to fill in narrative details of T'Rain.
  • Ershut, a follower of Abdallah Jones, whom Richard thinks of as a "Barney", meaning a technically proficient deputy. Though an abductor of Zula, he is reasonably kind to her. Vaporized when a dying member of Richard’s crew voluntarily became a suicide bomber himself.


Writing in the Irish Examiner, Val Nolan called Reamde "one of the smartest, fastest-moving, and most consistently enjoyable novels of the year". It is, Nolan went on, a "painstakingly-researched, deftly-plotted roller-coaster of gigabytes and gunplay, a pitch-perfect pastiche of Robert Ludlum or Tom Clancy-style techno-thrillers and a comment on contemporary digitality and the ubiquity of online interconnectivity."[2]

Rowan Kaiser for The A.V. Club gives Reamde an A− rating saying: "The marriage of the thrilling and the nerdy is what makes Reamde work, and it offers a glimpse at a fascinating writer making a welcome transition back into a more accessible style."[3]

Kirkus Reviews sums up Reamde as: "An intriguing yarn—most geeky, and full of satisfying mayhem."[4]

Cory Doctorow writes in his Boing Boing review: "Stephenson's several exquisitely choreographed shoot-outs (including an epic, 100+ page climactic mini-war) are filled with technical gubbins about guns that convey the real and genuine enthusiasm of a hardcore gun-nut, with so much verve, so much moment, that I found myself itching to find a firing range and try some of this stuff out for myself."[5]

Michelle West, reviewing the novel for The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, did not consider the book to be science fiction and called it "a geek thriller." She wrote, "Even if I don't like characters Stephenson's created, I nonetheless find them engaging, and I read him in large part for his characters and the particular ways in which they process information and interact with the world. Of his novels, this has easily the most structurally solid ending. In feel, it's closest to Cryptonomicon, although all of the action takes place in the present, where information travels quickly, and cellphones and wifi are ubiquitous. I enjoyed it greatly, and I frequently laughed out loud at his descriptions or his dialogue; it read like a much shorter book."[6]

In an interview, Paul Di Filippo called Reamde "the most gripping and funny and wise thriller I've ever read."[7]

Entertainment Weekly called it "an ingenious epic" in their "Must List" column.[8]


  1. ^ Catalog, Harper Collins, archived from the original on 2011-05-22, retrieved 2011-09-04
  2. ^ Nolan, Val (19 November 2011). "Bestseller Stephenson's new hi-tech gaming thriller is a world apart". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  3. ^ Kaiser, Rowan (5 October 2011). "Reamde". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  4. ^ "Who lives by the joystick dies by the joystick: Noir futurist Stephenson (Anathem, 2008, etc.) returns to cyberia with this fast-moving though sprawling techno-thriller". Kirkus Reviews. 1 September 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  5. ^ Doctorow, Cory (14 September 2011). "Stephenson's REAMDE: perfectly executed, mammoth, ambitious technothriller". Boing Boing. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  6. ^ West, Michelle (July–August 2012). "Musing on Books". The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  7. ^ Walters, Trent. "An Interview with Paul Di Filippo". SF Site. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  8. ^ Lee, Stephan (Jul 13, 2012). "Your Summer Must List: Books". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 18, 2014.

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