Rayososaurus is a genus of plant-eating sauropod dinosaur of the superfamily Diplodocoidea. It was found in the Candeleros Formation, but was named Rayososaurus after the Rayoso Member, which later has been elevated to the older Rayoso Formation.[1] The formations are located in the Neuquén Basin of northern Patagonia, Argentina. Rayososaurus lived during the Cenomanian epoch of the Late Cretaceous, about 99 to 96 million years ago.[2] The type species is R. agrioensis, named by Argentinian paleontologist José Bonaparte in 1996.[3] The species epithet agrioensis refers to the Agrio del Medio locality.[1]

Temporal range: Cenomanian,
~99–96 Ma
Skeletal diagrams
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Clade: Saurischia
Clade: Sauropodomorpha
Clade: Sauropoda
Superfamily: Diplodocoidea
Family: Rebbachisauridae
Subfamily: Limaysaurinae
Genus: Rayososaurus
Bonaparte, 1996
Type species
Rayososaurus agrioensis
Bonaparte, 1996

Description edit

Rayososaurus is extremely similar to Rebbachisaurus and there is some debate as to whether Rayososaurus is indeed a separate genus.[2] However, morphological and temporal differences tend to support the distinction.[2] Fossil finds include the holotype, MACN-N 41, a scapula, femur and part of fibula, and the paratype (Rayososaurus sp.), one broken dorsal vertebra and four broken caudal vertebrae. The racket-shaped scapula is characteristic of the Rebbachisauridae.

Phylogeny edit

Phylogeny of the Neosauropoda with Rayososaurus

References edit

  1. ^ a b Rayososaurus at Fossilworks.org
  2. ^ a b c L. M. Ibiricu, G. A. Casal, M. C. Lamanna, R. D. Martínez, J. D. Harris and K. J. Lacovara. (2012). The southernmost records of Rebbachisauridae (Sauropoda: Diplodocoidea), from early Late Cretaceous deposits in central Patagonia. Cretaceous Research 34:220-232
  3. ^ Bonaparte, J. (1996). "Cretaceous tetrapods of Argentina". Münchner Geowissenschaften Abhandlungen 30: 73-130.