Rath City, Texas

Rath City was a frontier town which existed for fewer than five years and is now a ghost town.[1] The town was located on the Double Mountain Fork Brazos River, 14 miles northwest of Hamlin in southern Stonewall County, Texas, United States.

Rath City, Texas
Image of Rath City Texas
Historical marker and rest stop at site of former Rath City
Map of Texas
Map of Texas
Rath City
Map of Texas
Map of Texas
Rath City
Coordinates: 33°00′35″N 100°10′54″W / 33.00972°N 100.18167°W / 33.00972; -100.18167Coordinates: 33°00′35″N 100°10′54″W / 33.00972°N 100.18167°W / 33.00972; -100.18167
Country United States
State Texas
CountyStonewall County, Texas
RiverDouble Mountain Fork
Established1876
Founded byCharles Rath
Elevation
1,660 ft (510 m)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
WebsiteHandbook of Texas

HistoryEdit

The town was founded in 1876. Its original establishment was meant to capitalize on the buffalo trade and it was Stonewall County's first settlement. In 1877, the town housed a store, two saloons, a dance hall, and a few tents and dugouts. The town's namesake was Charles Rath, whose store, built in 1875, was the structure around which the village grew. A declining buffalo population ended the settlement and it was abandoned in 1880.[2][3]

Rath City and Native AmericansEdit

In February 1877, after buffalo hunter Marshall Sewell was killed by Native Americans, Rath City became a rallying point for over 500 frontiersmen. A group of 46 men left Rath City in pursuit of a Comanche war party led by Black Horse, in a campaign known as the Buffalo Hunters' War or Staked Plains War. The men pursued the Comanche to a site in present-day Lubbock. A battle ensued on March 18, 1877, at Yellow House Canyon; its results were inconclusive. The hunters returned to Rath City, thus ending one of the last Indian campaigns on the southern plains.[2][3]:34–36

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Rath City (historical)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ a b Rath City, Texas: Handbook of Texas Online, University of Texas at Austin
  3. ^ a b Holden, W.C. (1962). Graves, Lawrence (ed.). Indians, Spaniards, and Anglos, in A History of Lubbock. Lubbock: West Texas Museum Association. pp. 32–33.

External linksEdit