Double Mountain Fork Brazos River
The Double Mountain Fork Brazos River is an ephemeral, sandy-braided stream about 170 mi (280 km) long, heading on the Llano Estacado of West Texas about 11.5 mi (18.5 km) southeast of Tahoka, Texas, flowing east-northeast across the western Rolling Plains to join the Salt Fork, forming the Brazos River about 17 mi (27 km) west-northwest of Haskell, Texas.
|Double Mountain Fork Brazos River|
Double Mountain Fork, Fisher County, Texas
|Source||Llano Estacado, 18.5 km southeast of Tahoka, Texas|
|• location||Lynn County, Texas|
|• elevation||890 m (2,920 ft)|
|Mouth||Confluence Double Mountain / Salt Fork|
|Stonewall County, Texas|
|451 m (1,480 ft)|
|Length||280 km (170 mi)|
|Basin size||7,097 km2 (2,740 sq mi)|
The Double Mountain Fork Brazos River begins as a shallow draw near the eastern edge of the Llano Estacado in Lynn County, about 3.1 mi (5 km) northeast of the small farming community of Draw, Texas. The stream generally runs eastward across southern Garza County, where it is fed by springs, providing a minimal base flow that is intermittently punctuated by rainfall and associated runoff. At the western edge of Kent County, about 12 mi (20 km) east-northeast of Justiceburg, the Double Mountain Fork merges with the North Fork. The Double Mountain Fork then continues eastward across southern Kent County, northwestern Fisher County, and into southern Stonewall County, where it passes to the south of Double Mountains, a pair of flat-topped hills located 13 mi (21 km) southwest of Aspermont, Texas. Double Mountains form part of the high ground dividing the watersheds of the Salt Fork to the north and the Double Mountain Fork to the south. To the east of Double Mountains, the Double Mountain Fork flows into western Haskell County before turning north and back westward into eastern Stonewall County, where it merges with the Salt Fork to form the Brazos River (proper), northeast of Aspermont, Texas.
In August 1873 about 20 miles west of Double Mountain Fork Suryeor expedition Capt J.E. Elgin found the body of a scalped girl about 8–9 years of age hanging from a tree. He had the remains of the corpse buried.
According to a 1964 decision by the United States Board on Geographical Names, this tributary of the Brazos is properly called the "Double Mountain Fork Brazos River", and should not be called the "Double Mountain Fork of the Brazos River" nor the "Double Mountain Fork of Brazos River". This stream is often mistakenly referred to as the "South Fork of the Double Mountain Fork of the Brazos River." Perhaps this is an attempt to distinguish this stream from the North Fork Double Mountain Fork Brazos River, a tributary of the Double Mountain Fork. The stream described here, however, is the main stem of the Double Mountain Fork Brazos River and, therefore, it is not a tributary of the Double Mountain Fork, rather it is a tributary of the Brazos River.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Double Mountain Fork Brazos River
- Seaber, P.R., Kapinos, F.P. and Knapp, G.L. 1987. Hydrological unit maps. United States Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2294, p. 46.
- United States Board on Geographical Names. 1964. Decisions on Geographical Names in the United States, Decision list no. 6402, United States Department of the Interior, Washington DC, p. 51.
- Brune, G.M. 1981. Springs of Texas. Fort Worth, TX: Branch-Smith, p. 193-195.
- "Double Mountain Fork of the Brazos River". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
- The Weekly Democratic Statesman August 28, 1873 page 2 Accessed Library of Congress August 20,2020
- "Alan Henry Reservoir (Brazos River Basin)". Austin, Texas: Texas Water Development Board. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
- Hurst, Stance (2011). "Landscapes, Floods, and Archaeological Research" (PDF). Notes from the Field: The Newsletter of Lubbock Lake National Historic Landmark. Lubbock, Texas: Museum of Texas Tech University. pp. 8–10. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
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