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Ranchera (pronounced [ranˈtʃeɾa]), or canción ranchera is a genre of the traditional music of Mexico. It dates before the years of the Mexican Revolution. It later became closely associated with the Mariachi bands which evolved in Jalisco. Ranchera today is played in virtually all Regional Mexican music styles. Drawing on rural traditional folk music, ranchera developed as a symbol of a new national consciousness in reaction to the aristocratic tastes of the period. Some well-known interpreters of the style are the following artists: Antonio Aguilar, Banda El Recodo, Banda Machos, El Trono de México, Jorge Negrete, Joan Sebastian, José Alfredo Jiménez, Juan Gabriel, Jenni Rivera, Lola Beltrán, Los Invasores de Nuevo León, Los Plebes del Rancho, Los Rieleros del Norte, Lucha Villa, Pedro Fernández, Pedro Infante, Pepe Aguilar, Tierra Cali, and Vicente Fernández.

DefinitionsEdit

 
José Alfredo Jiménez' tomb in Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato, attracts visitors from around the world.

The word ranchera was derived from the word rancho because the songs originated on the ranches and in the countryside of rural Mexico.

Traditional rancheras are about love, patriotism or nature. Rhythms can have a meter in 2
4
(ranchera polkeada), 3
4
(ranchera valseada), or (6
8
(ranchera mazurka) reflecting the tempo of, respectively, the polka, the waltz, and the mazurka. There is also a slow ranchera in 4
4
(ranchera lenta). Songs are usually in a major key, and consist of an instrumental introduction, verse and refrain, instrumental section repeating the verse, and another verse and refrain, with a tag ending. Rancheras are also noted for the grito mexicano, a yell that is done at musical interludes within a song, either by the musicians and/or the listening audience.

 
Miguel Aceves Mejía

The normal musical pattern of rancheras is a–b–a–b. Rancheras usually begin with an instrumental introduction (a). The first lyrical portion then begins (b), with instrumental adornments interrupting the lines in between. The instruments then repeat the theme again, and then the lyrics may either be repeated or begin a new set of words. One also finds the form a–b–a–b–c–b used, in which the intro (a) is played, followed by the verse (b). This form is repeated, and then a refrain (c) is added, ending with the verse.

The most popular ranchera composers include Lucha Reyes, Cuco Sánchez, Antonio Aguilar, Juan Gabriel and José Alfredo Jiménez, who composed many of the best-known rancheras, with compositions totaling more than 1000 songs, making him one of the most prolific songwriters in the history of western music.

Another closely related style of music is the corrido, which is often played by the same ensembles that regularly play rancheras. The corrido, however, is apt to be an epic story about heroes and villains, or the narrator’s lifestyle.

Ranchera examplesEdit

The following are examples of the different styles of rancheras performed in different subgenres of Regional Mexican music.

MariachiEdit

“La Ley del Monte” by Vicente Fernández (ranchera polkeada)

“La Venia Bendita” by Marco Antonio Solís (ranchera valseada)

“Juro Que Nunca Volveré ” by Lucha Villa (ranchera lenta)

GruperoEdit

“El Celoso” by Los Bukis (ranchera polkeada)

“El Hombre Que Más Te Amó” by Los Barón de Apodaca (ranchera valseada)

“Ya Me Voy Para Siempre” by Los Temerarios (ranchera lenta)

NorteñoEdit

“Playa Sola” by Los Invasores de Nuevo León (ranchera polkeada)

“Mi Complemento” by Los Huracanes del Norte (ranchera valseada)

Norteño-BandaEdit

“El Inicio del Final” by Alfredo Olivas (ranchera polkeada)

“Siempre Te Voy a Querer” by Calibre 50 (ranchera valseada)

“Cosas del Diablo” by Tito Torbellino (ranchera mazurka)

Norteño-SaxEdit

“Me Nortie” by Conjunto Primavera (ranchera polkeada)

“Abrazado de un Poste” by Lorenzo de Monteclaro (ranchera valseada)

“Capricho Maldito” by Los Rieleros del Norte (ranchera lenta)

TejanoEdit

“Cómo Le Haré” by Emilio Navaira (ranchera polkeada)

“Tan Bien Que Estaba” by Los Palominos (ranchera lenta)

BandaEdit

“Amor Limosnero” by Joan Sebastian (ranchera polkeada)

“Sufriendo a Solas” by Lupillo Rivera (ranchera valseada)

“Ando Bien Pedo” by Banda Los Recoditos (ranchera mazurka)

“Yo Sé Que Te Acordarás” by Banda El Recodo (ranchera lenta)

TechnobandaEdit

“Cuatro Meses” by Banda Machos (ranchera polkeada)

“Que Sacrificio” by Banda Maguey (ranchera valseada)

DuranguenseEdit

“Fue Su Amor” by Alacranes Musical (ranchera polkeada)

“Hoy Empieza Mi Tristeza” by Móntez de Durango (ranchera valseada)

Tierra CalienteEdit

“El Caminante” by La Dinastía de Tuzantla (ranchera polkeada)

“Al Fin Te Encontraré a Ti” by Beto y sus Canarios (ranchera valseada)

SierreñoEdit

“De Rodillas Te Pido” by Los Alegres de la Sierra (ranchera polkeada)

“Los Años Que Yo Tengo” by Miguel y Miguel (ranchera valseada)

Sierreño-BandaEdit

“Te Vas” by Los Perdidos de Sinaloa (ranchera polkeada)

“Te Metiste” by Ariel Camacho y Los Plebes del Rancho (ranchera valseada)

“En Dónde Está Tu Amor” by Virlán García (ranchera lenta)

ReferencesEdit

  • Brenner, H. (1996). Música ranchera. Das mexikanische Äquivalent zur Country and Western Music aus historischer, musikalischer und kommerzieller Sicht (Música ranchera: El equivalente mexicano de la música country y la música del Oeste) (Musikethnologische Sammelbände 14). Foreword by Thomas Stanford. Tutzing: Verlag Hans Schneider, 1996 ISBN 3 7952 0867 X.

External linksEdit