Ramaswami Dikshita (IAST: Rāmasvāmi Dīkṣita, 1735–1817) or Dikshitar[a] was a South Indian composer of Carnatic music and the father of Muthuswami Dikshitar. He was a member of the courts of Amarasimha (r. 1787–98) and Tulaja II (r. 1763–87) of Thanjavur.
Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu
|Occupation||Carnatic music composer|
|Relatives||Subbarama Dikshitar (great grandson)|
Ramaswami Dikshitar was instructed in music and music theory by Melattur Veerabhadrayya and Venkata Vaidyanatha Dīkshitar, a grandson of Venkatamakhin, author of the Chaturdandiprakashika. His ragamalika using 108 ragas and talas is notable and the longest of its type. He also composed varnams in a variety of ragas. He is popularly considered the creator of the raga, Hamsadhvani. Others believe that he was the first to create a composition using it which made it popular. His son Muthuswami Dikshitar's acclaimed work, Vatapi Ganapatim was composed using the same raga.
- The -r suffix is a Tamil honorific.
- Rāmaswāmi Dīkshitar, The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195650983. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
- Dīkshitar Musical Family, The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195650983. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- Biography by P.P. Narayanaswami