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Ralph Willis AO (born 14 April 1938), Australian politician, was Treasurer for the final years of the Keating Labor Government.


Ralph Willis

Treasurer of Australia
In office
23 December 1993 – 11 March 1996
Prime MinisterPaul Keating
Preceded byJohn Dawkins
Succeeded byPeter Costello
In office
9 December 1991 – 26 December 1991
Prime MinisterBob Hawke
Paul Keating
Preceded byJohn Kerin
Succeeded byJohn Dawkins
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Gellibrand
In office
2 December 1972 – 31 August 1998
Preceded byHector McIvor
Succeeded byNicola Roxon
Personal details
Born (1938-04-14) 14 April 1938 (age 81)
Melbourne
NationalityAustralian
Political partyAustralian Labor Party
Spouse(s)Carol Dawson
Alma materUniversity of Melbourne
OccupationUnionist

Contents

CareerEdit

Willis was born in Melbourne to Stan and Doris Willis and educated at Footscray Central School, University High School and Melbourne University, gaining a Bachelor of Commerce degree. He subsequently worked as a research officer and industrial advocate for the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU). He and his wife Carol Willis (née Dawson) have three children, Sandra, Fiona and Evan.

In 1972, the year that the Whitlam Labor government was elected, Willis was elected as a Labor member of the House of Representatives for the extremely safe Labor seat of Gellibrand in Melbourne's western suburbs. The ALP was crushingly defeated in 1975. Willis served as Shadow Minister for Industrial Relations, Economic Affairs and Treasury from 1976 to 1983. In January 1983, however, he was dropped from the position as shadow Treasurer by Labor leader Bill Hayden, who decided that Paul Keating would be likely to put increased pressure on the government in the area of economic policy.[1]

As a former ACTU official, Willis was regarded as a protégé of the new Labor leader, Bob Hawke (a former ACTU President), who became Prime Minister in March 1983. Hawke, nevertheless, kept Keating in the Treasury portfolio and Willis became Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations. In 1987, he lost part of his portfolio to John Dawkins, who was appointed Minister for Employment, Education and Training, but Willis retained Industrial Relations. The following year, he was appointed Transport and Communications Minister, and in 1990 became Finance Minister. When Keating resigned as Treasurer in 1991, Willis was again passed over when Hawke gave the Treasury to John Kerin. But Kerin's period as Treasurer was troubled and in December 1991 Willis finally became Treasurer.

Willis's first tenure in the Treasury was brief, however, because Hawke was deposed and succeeded as Prime Minister by Keating only three weeks later. Keating gave Treasury to his ally John Dawkins and Willis was again given Finance. Willis got a second chance when Dawkins, frustrated by Cabinet's rejection of his economic views, resigned suddenly and unexpectedly in December 1993. Keating was reluctant to give Willis Treasury again, considering him an unduly low-key parliamentary performer, but accepted party opinion that Willis deserved the job. Willis served the last term of the Keating government as Treasurer.

One of Willis's final acts, a few days before the 1996 election, was to release (without consulting Keating) a letter purportedly written by the Premier of Victoria, Jeff Kennett, which suggested that a Liberal government led by John Howard would cut grants to the states. Unfortunately for Willis, the letter was a forgery, allegedly foisted on Willis by Melbourne University Liberal Club students.[2] This successful ruse had a markedly adverse impact upon the last week of Labor's campaign. After the election (which the ALP easily lost), Willis retired to the backbench and retired from Parliament prior to the 1998 election. He and Gareth Evans were the only two people to be a member of every Labor cabinet between 1983 and 1996.

At the time of his retirement, Willis was the only Labor Member of Parliament from the period of the Whitlam government still serving. Had he not retired, he would have become Father of the House in the next parliament.

Since retirement from parliament Willis has served on several boards of companies and charities.

HonoursEdit

Willis was awarded the Centenary Medal in 2001 for long service to the Commonwealth Parliament, including as a minister and as Treasurer.[3] On 13 June 2011, he was named an Officer of the Order of Australia for distinguished service to the Parliament of Australia, particularly in the areas of economic development and industrial relations, to the superannuation industry, and to the community.[4]

On 2 June 2009, Willis was conferred with the degree of Doctor of the University Honoris Causa from Victoria University for services to Australia and in particular the Western Suburbs of Melbourne.[5]

Post-parliamentary appointmentsEdit

  • Chair of Western Health Board 1 July 2004
  • Chairman of the Construction and Building Industry Superannuation Fund (C+BUS).
  • Director of the Australian Super Developments.
  • Chair and Treasurer of the Mietta Foundation
  • Member of the Australian Council of Superannuation Investors.
  • Member of the United Nations Secretary-General’s High Level Panel on Youth Employment
  • Chairperson of the Melbourne City Opera
  • Board Member of the Westgate Community Initiatives Group,
  • Board Member of the Stan Willis Trust.
  • Chairman of LeadWest - 2008 to 2011

SourcesEdit

  • "2004 Federal Election". Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  • "Ralph Willis awarded Honorary Degree by VU". Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  • "Mietta Foundation Board Members Brief CVs". Archived from the original on 13 February 2005. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  • "GELLIBRAND, Vic". Archived from the original on 20 January 2004. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  • "Meet the Western Health Board". Retrieved 10 July 2012.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bill Hayden (1996), Hayden: An autobiography, Angus & Robertson, Sydney.
  2. ^ "Crikey.com". Crikey.com. 13 November 2002. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  3. ^ "Ralph Willis". Australian Honours Database. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
  4. ^ "Ralph Willis AO". Australian Honours Database. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
  5. ^ "Victoria University". Vu.edu.au. 2 June 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
Political offices
Preceded by
Ian Macphee
Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations
1983–1987
Succeeded by
John Dawkins
New title Minister for Industrial Relations
1987–1988
Succeeded by
Peter Morris
Preceded by
Gareth Evans
Minister for Transport and Communications
1988–1990
Succeeded by
Kim Beazley
Preceded by
Peter Walsh
Minister for Finance
1990–1991
Preceded by
John Kerin
Treasurer
1991
Succeeded by
John Dawkins
Preceded by
Kim Beazley
Minister for Finance
1991–1993
Succeeded by
Kim Beazley
Preceded by
Graham Richardson
Vice-President of the Executive Council
1992–1993
Succeeded by
Frank Walker
Preceded by
John Dawkins
Treasurer
1993–1996
Succeeded by
Peter Costello
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Hector McIvor
Member for Gellibrand
1972–1998
Succeeded by
Nicola Roxon