Ralph Osborne Campney
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
for Vancouver Centre
|Preceded by||Rodney Young|
|Succeeded by||Douglas Jung|
|Born||June 6, 1894|
|Died||October 6, 1967(aged 73)|
|Cabinet||Solicitor General of Canada (1952–1954)|
Associate Minister of National Defence (1953–1954)
Minister of National Defence (1954–1957)
Born in Picton, Ontario, he first ran unsuccessfully for the House of Commons of Canada in the riding of Vancouver Centre in a 1948 by-election. A Liberal, he was elected in the 1949 federal election and in 1953. He was defeated in 1957. From 1951 to 1952, he was the Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of National Defence. From 1952 to 1954, he was the Solicitor General of Canada. From 1953 to 1954, he was also the Associate Minister of National Defence. From 1954 to 1957, he was the Minister of National Defence.
Early life and military serviceEdit
Campney was born on June 6, 1894 on a farm near Picton, Ontario to Frank Campney and Mary Emily Cronk. Campney attended Picton Collegiate and graduated at 16, beginning a career as a rural school teacher. In 1914, Campney entered Queen's University at Kingston, Ontario, studying medicine.
In March 1915, Campney enlisted in the Canadian Army with No.5 Stationary Hospital (Queen's). During World War I he was deployed overseas to Egypt as part of the Dardanelles Campaign. The unit was later transferred to the Western Front where it supported Allied forces at the Battle of the Somme. In 1917, Campney was commissioned into the infantry, joining the 19th Canadian Infantry Battalion after the Battle of Vimy Ridge. He served with the unit until the Battle of Passchendaele when he was invalided to England. In England, Campney transferred to the Royal Flying Corps and remained with the unit until the Armistice.
Postwar and political careerEdit
After leaving the military, Campney returned to Queen's University in 1919 where he transferred from medicine to arts and obtained his Bachelor of Arts in 1921. Campney entered Osgoode Hall to study law and in 1924, was called to the bar. He was secretary to the Canadian delegation to the League of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland in Fall 1924. Upon his return to Canada, Campney became political secretary to William Lyon Mackenzie King from 1925-26 in Ottawa. In 1929, Campney became private secretary to the Minister of Trade and Commerce James Malcolm.
Campney left Ottawa in 1929 and moved to Vancouver, British Columbia to practice law. 1936, Campney was asked by the Canadian government to become the first chairman of the National Harbours Board, remaining in this position for three and a half years. He resigned from the position and returned to his private law practice. In 1940, Campney was appointed Dominion King's Counsel. He ran for the first time as a Liberal nominee in a federal by-election in the riding of Vancouver Centre in 1948, where he was defeated. He ran again the following year in the general election, where he was elected to the House of Commons and was re-elected in 1953. In 1950, Crampney was chair of a special parliamentary committee on the National Defence Act which unified the administration of the three military services. In January 1951, he was appointed Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of Defence, Brooke Claxton. The following year, on October 15, 1952 he was made Solicitor General of Canada. On February 15, 1953, he was appointed Associate Minister of National Defence while keeping his duties as Solicitor General and kept these two positions until January 12, 1954 when he resigned as Solicitor General. On July 1, he succeeded Claxton as Minister of National Defence.
|1957 Canadian federal election|
|Progressive Conservative||Douglas Jung||9,087||41.50||+32.86|
|Social Credit||Cyril White||4,707||21.50||-2.96|
|Co-operative Commonwealth||William James Dennison||2,216||10.12||-12.21|
|Total valid votes||21,895||100.0|
|Progressive Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+24.62|
|1953 Canadian federal election|
|Social Credit||Leslie R. Peterson||4,946||24.45||–|
|Co-operative Commonwealth||Rodney Young||4,516||22.33||-4.05|
|Progressive Conservative||Wendell Willard Wright||1,749||8.65||-16.02|
|Total valid votes||20,226||100.0|
|1949 Canadian federal election|
|Co-operative Commonwealth||Rodney Young||6,382||26.37||-17.22|
|Progressive Conservative||Henry Herbert Stevens||5,970||24.67||+1.93|
|Independent||Harold Meade Young||595||2.46||–|
|Total valid votes||24,198||100.0|
|Liberal gain from Co-operative Commonwealth||Swing||+13.06|
|Canadian federal by-election, 8 June 1948|
On Ian Mackenzie being called to the Senate, 19 January 1948
|Co-operative Commonwealth||Rodney Young||9,518||43.60||+16.27|
|Progressive Conservative||Hilliard Lyle Jestley||4,965||22.74||-3.73|
|Total valid votes||21,831||100.0|
|Co-operative Commonwealth gain from Liberal||Swing||+6.18|
- "Introducing the New Minister". The Crowsnest. Vol. 6 no. 11. Queen's Printer. September 1954. p. 11.