Rajesh "Raj" De (born circa 1972) is an American lawyer and former U.S. government official. He is now the managing partner for the Washington, D.C., office of the law firm Mayer Brown. During the presidency of Barack Obama, he served in three significant government roles—as Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General in the Office of Legal Policy, as White House Staff Secretary, and finally as general counsel of the U.S. National Security Agency.
|General Counsel of the United States National Security Agency|
April 2012 – March 2015
|Preceded by||Matthew G. Olsen|
|Succeeded by||Glenn S. Gerstell|
|White House Staff Secretary|
Early 2011 – April 2012
|Preceded by||Lisa Brown|
|Succeeded by||Douglas Kramer|
|Born||1971/1972 (age 49–50)|
|Education||Harvard University (BA, JD)|
Early life and educationEdit
De was born and raised near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Indian American immigrants. He received his bachelor's degree from Harvard College and earned his J.D. degree from Harvard Law School in 1999. His law school roommate John P. Carlin also served in the Obama administration as chief of staff to FBI Director Robert Mueller, and later as Assistant Attorney General for the National Security Division. During law school, De clerked for Judge A. Wallace Tashima on the U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in California.
Immediately after his law school graduation, De began his legal career in public service at the United States Department of Justice as a litigator in the Antitrust Division. De's appointment was under the Attorney General's Honors Program—a program to place promising new attorneys in the Department of Justice.
Following the September 11 attacks, he served as counsel to the 9/11 Commission, conducting interviews with dozens of U.S. government and foreign officials, and drafting part of the 9/11 Commission Report. Following the publishing of the report, De went to work as special bipartisan staff to the U.S. Senate Homeland Security Committee, where he assisted in the drafting of legislation implementing the report's recommendations—including the establishment of a Director of National Intelligence and a National Counterterrorism Center. His work was ultimately incorporated into the 2004 Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act. In 2015, De described the publication of the 9/11 Commission Report as his proudest legal accomplishment.
He left government briefly in 2006 to work as an associate at the law firm Mayer Brown, where he would later return. During this time, he also served as pro bono counsel to the Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction, Proliferation and Terrorism.
Office of Legal PolicyEdit
Near the beginning of the presidency of Barack Obama, De returned to the U.S. Department of Justice, where he was appointed Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General in the Office of Legal Policy under Acting Assistant Attorney General Kevin R. Jones. Jones was a career DOJ employee who became Acting AAG with the departure of President Bush's appointee in that role; President Obama's nominee for Assistant Attorney General, Christopher H. Schroeder, was not confirmed until April 2010, leaving De as the senior-most political appointee at the Office of Legal Policy until that confirmation. In this role, he worked closely with Attorney General Eric Holder as well as leadership across all DOJ components.
White House Staff SecretaryEdit
In 2010, De moved to the White House when he was appointed Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary under Lisa Brown. When Brown departed the White House in early 2011, De was promoted to White House Staff Secretary, serving in that capacity until April 2012. The White House Staff Secretary is responsible for managing paper flow to the President and circulating documents among senior staff and cabinet agencies. De later described the role as "the ultimate grind job," due to the volume of work and the necessity of absolute perfection when dealing with a president's papers. He later said that the job gave him insight and exposed him to all aspects of the federal government and their interaction with the President.
Following the incident in 2018 when Trump administration Staff Secretary Rob Porter was revealed to have been working without a full security clearance, De was outspoken in criticizing the irresponsible actions of Porter and the Trump White House for allowing this situation to occur.
National Security AgencyEdit
From April 2012 through March 2015, he was general counsel for the U.S. National Security Agency, where he oversaw a department of roughly 100 lawyers and staff. De represented the agency and agency leaders in inter-agency conversations, at hearings before congress, at the U.S. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, and to foreign governments. His time at NSA was marked by controversy over disclosures of NSA surveillance practices.
After leaving the NSA, he rejoined the law firm Mayer Brown. In 2019 he was appointed managing partner at Mayer Brown's Washington, D.C., office. He leads the firm's global Cybersecurity & Data Privacy practice, as well as their National Security practice, and serves as a member of the firm's Congressional Investigations & Crisis Management team.
In addition to his work for the law firm, De serves as a member of the Homeland Security Group at the Aspen Institute, a member of the board of directors of the Southern Center for Human Rights, and a non-resident fellow at the Reiss Center on Law and Security at New York University School of Law. He is also a member of the Central Intelligence Agency general counsel's external advisory board.
Awards and recognitionEdit
De has been the recipient of the U.S. Attorney General's John Marshall Award, the Department of Justice's highest award for attorneys. He was awarded Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Civilian Service, the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal, the National Security Agency Director's Distinguished Service Medal, and the National Security Agency Intelligence Under Law Award.
- Bender, Bryan (January 9, 2015). "From Harvard Law School friends to legal architects of the war on terrorism". The Boston Globe. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
The trio, now in their early 40s, ...
- Chung, Renwei (June 28, 2019). "Harvard Law School Alum And Managing Partner Raj De On The D.C. Market, Public Service, And Diversity In The Legal Profession". Above the Law. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- Hong, Nicole (June 8, 2015). "Leading Questions: A Chat with Rajesh De, Former NSA General Counsel". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- "Rajesh De - Partner". Mayer Brown. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- Haniffa, Aziz (February 15, 2018). "Rob Porter incident puts spotlight on Obama-era predecessor Rajesh De". India Abroad. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- "On the Nomination (Confirmation Christopher H. Schroeder, of North Carolina, to be an Assistant Attorney General)". United States Senate. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- Sledge, Matt (February 28, 2013). "Rajesh De, NSA General Counsel, Defends Warrantless Wiretapping Program". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 1, 2014.
- Sankin, Aaron (April 3, 2015). "The NSA's former top lawyer talks privacy, security, and Snowden's 'betrayal'". The Daily Dot. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
- "Raj De". Aspen Institute. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- "Rajesh De". Southern Center for Human Rights. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- "Rajesh De - Non-Resident Senior Fellow". Reiss Center on Law and Security. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- "Agency Review Teams". Biden-Haris Transition. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
- Rajesh De at Mayer Brown
- Raj De at Aspen Institute
- Rajesh De at Southern Center for Human Rights
- Rajesh De at Reiss Center on Law and Security
- Attorney General's Honors Program at U.S. Department of Justice
- 9/11 Commission Report at 9-11commission.gov
| White House Staff Secretary