Before the attack of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (FPR) on October 1st, 1990, Radio Rwanda was the only national radio station in Rwanda, which represented both the views of the state and that of the party in power. Shortly after the start of the war, the FPR created its own radio station, Radio Muhabura.
In March 1992, Radio Rwanda began to broadcast false information regarding the possible assassination of Hutu officials, after which many Tutsis were consequently killed in the Bugesera region. When the transitional government was installed in April 1992, it demanded a programming change of the radio by President Habyarimana. This preserved the transitional government's role in the state radio, but stopped that of the President's party, the MRND. Due to the growing influence of Radio Muhabura, radical Hutus created a new radio station in 1993, named Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines, abbreviated as RTLM. RTLM frequently made hateful statements against the Tutsis, and several of its journalists were eventually convicted of inciting Genocide against the Tutsi. Despite Radio Rwanda and RTLM being two distinct, independent radio stations, they were broadcast at the same wavelengths at different times, which led the population to confuse them.
Radio Rwanda was reestablished between 1994 and 2000, with financing from the German government.
Today Radio Rwanda has become a national Public radio with other 6 regional stations including Magic FM (Kigali), Radio Rusizi (Rusizi), Radio Musanze (Musanze), Radio Nyagatare (Nyagatare, Radio Rubavu (Rubavu) and Radio Huye (Huye). The current Director is Aldo Havugimana.
- "Rwanda". Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. 2004. ISBN 1857431839.
- "Public broadcaster to streamline operations". New Times. 5 September 2013.
- Court orders Orinfor, Isango star pay Rwf 8.6M to Kayirebwa, February 2013, GreatLakesVoice, Retrieved 4 March 2016