RV Knorr was a research vessel formerly owned by the U.S. Navy and operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution for the U.S. research community in coordination with and as a part of the University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System (UNOLS) fleet. On March 14, 2016, Knorr was officially transferred to the Mexican Navy and renamed Rio Tecolutla. She was replaced at Woods Hole by the RV Neil Armstrong. Knorr is best known as the ship that supported researchers as they discovered the wreck of the RMS Titanic in 1985. R/V Knorr (AGOR-15) has traveled more than a million miles—the rough equivalent of two round trips to the Moon or forty trips around the Earth. Her sister ship is the RV Melville.
|Launched:||August 21, 1968|
|Acquired:||April 15, 1970 (delivered to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)|
|Out of service:||2016|
|Homeport:||Woods Hole, Massachusetts|
|Fate:||Transferred to Mexican Navy, 14 March 2016|
|General characteristics |
|Displacement:||2,685 long tons|
|Length:||279 ft (85 m)|
|Beam:||46 ft (14 m)|
|Draught:||16 ft 6 in (5.03 m)|
|Speed:||11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph)|
|Range:||12,000 nautical miles (22,000 km)|
|Sensors and |
R/V Knorr was named in honor of Ernest R. Knorr, a distinguished hydrographic engineer and cartographer who was appointed Chief Engineer Cartographer of the U.S. Navy Hydrographic office in 1860. Chief Engineer Knorr was one of the leaders of the Navy’s first systematic charting and surveying effort from 1860 to 1885. She was launched on August 21, 1968 at the Defoe Shipbuilding Company in Bay City, Michigan, Knorr was delivered to Woods Hole on April 15, 1970.
The ship was built with Cycloidal propulsion that was replaced during a 1989-1991 midlife refit at which time propulsion was changed to two azimuthing stern thrusters and a retractable bow thruster as well as the hull being lengthened from 246 ft (75.0 m) to 279 ft (85.0 m). The overhaul between 1989 and 1991 added 34 feet (10 m) of length to her midsection.
In 2003 a Dynamic Positioning System capable of holding the ship in position within one meter was installed providing capability for ocean drilling and other precise operations. During a 2005–2006 refit a 25,000 pounds (11,000 kg) long coring system capable of 150 ft (45.7 m), longest in the U.S. research fleet, deep cores was installed.
The ship has anti-roll tanks and an ice-strengthened bow enabling her to work in all of the world’s oceans. She can take a crew of 22 and a scientific party of 34 to sea for as long as 60 days. Knorr was designed to accommodate a wide range of oceanographic tasks, with two instrument hangars and eight scientific work areas; a fully equipped machine shop; three oceanographic winches; and two cranes. Knorr is equipped with sophisticated navigation and satellite communication systems, as well as a dynamic positioning system that allows the ship to move in any direction and to maintain a fixed position in high winds and rough seas.
In 2005–2006, the ship was refitted to support a new “long-coring” system that can extract 150-foot (46 m) plugs of ancient sediments from the sea floor. Weighing nearly 25,000 pounds, the new piston-coring system is the longest in the U.S. research fleet (twice as long as existing systems). Knorr and its long-corer will allow scientists to sample deep, ancient sediments that are rich with historical information about the ocean and climate.
Role in search for Thresher, Scorpion, and TitanicEdit
The U.S. Navy was interested in finding out what happened to their missing nuclear powered attack submarines, the USS Scorpion and the USS Thresher, which sank in the 1960s. Robert Ballard approached the Navy about using his new deep sea underwater robot craft, the Argo, to search for the Titanic. The Navy agreed it would finance use of the RV Knorr for Ballard's Titanic search only if he first searched for and investigated the two sunken submarines, and found out the state of their nuclear reactors after being submerged for such a long time, and whether their radioactivity was impacting the environment. When they searched for the two submarines, Ballard and his team discovered that they had imploded from the immense pressure at depth. It littered thousands of pieces of debris all over the ocean floor. Following the large trail of debris led them directly to both and made it significantly easier for them to locate them than if they were to search for the hulls directly. Using that lesson, they had Argo sweep back and forth across the ocean floor to find the Titanic's debris trail, following the trail to the wreckage of the ship itself.
It was announced on December 4, 2014, that the research vessel Knorr is being decommissioned after more than 40 years as the workhorse of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution research fleet. It was transferred to the Mexican Navy in 2016, and is scheduled to be replaced by a new $74 million research vessel, the RV Neil Armstrong.
- Built: 1969
- Length: 279 feet (85 m)
- Draft: 16.5 feet (5 m), with bow thruster lowered – 23 ft (7 m)
- Displacement: 2,685 LT
- Range: 12,000 NM
- Laboratories: 2,756 sq. feet (256 sq. m)
- Speed: 11.0 knots cruising
- Endurance: 60 days
- Fuel Capacity: 160,500 gallons
- Mid-Life Overhaul: 1989–1991
- Beam: 46 feet (14 m)
- Gross Tons: 2,518 T
- Crew – 22
- Scientists – 32
- Technicians – 2
- Propulsion: Two Lips diesel-electric azimuthing stern thrusters, 1500 SHP each
- Bow Thruster: Lips retractable azimuthing 900 SHP
- Ship Service Generators: 3 @ 1,110 KW 600 VAC, 1 @ 560 KW 600 VAC
- Portable Van Space: At least six 20-ft. vans
- Trawl – 30,000' 9/16" wire
- Hydro (2) – 30,000' 3-cond. EM or 1/4" wire
- Heavy Equipment:
- Cranes – two 60,000 lbs. capacity
- Midships hydro boom
- HIAB crane
- Sewage System:
- 3,600 gallons/day
- 7,000 gal. holding capacity
Ownership: Title held by U.S. Navy; Operated under charter agreement with Office of Naval Research
Other Features: Two instrument hangars, fully equipped machine shop, dynamic-positioning system, four transducer wells, one rigid-hull inflatable rescue/work boat.
- RV Knorr specifications. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-11-02. Retrieved 2011-11-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) | UNOLS Research Vessels
- Carter, Andrea F. (March 14, 2016). "Renamed Rio Tecolutla, R/V Knorr Joins The Mexican Navy". The Falmouth Enterprise. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- Cullen, Vickey (2005). Down to the Sea for Science: 75 Years of Ocean Research, Education, and Exploration at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Woods Hole, Mass.: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. p. 194. ISBN 9781880224090. LCCN 2008530726. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
- "Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- U.S. Navy (November 2014). "Interesting Facts about the R/V Knorr" (PDF). UNOLS. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
- "Discovery Of Titanic".
- Levenson, Eric (14 December 2018). "Inside the secret US military mission that located the Titanic". Retrieved 7 January 2018.
- "栄養豊富な青汁を離乳食に役立てよう". www.cdnn.info.
- "WHOI Gets RV Neil Armstrong". Subsea World News. 25 September 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- Driscoll, Sean F. (16 February 2016). "WHOI research vessel Knorr to find new home in Mexico". capecodtimes.com. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- "Specifications". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Retrieved 1 April 2019.