RRS Charles Darwin

The RRS Charles Darwin was a Royal Research Ship belonging to the British Natural Environment Research Council. Since 2006, she has been the geophysical survey vessel, RV Ocean Researcher,

Charles Darwin in Avonmouth docks near Bristol, being readied for a research cruise.
Charles Darwin in Avonmouth Docks, being readied for a research cruise.
History
The British blue ensign.United Kingdom
NameRRS Charles Darwin
NamesakeCharles Darwin
OwnerNatural Environment Research Council
OperatorNERC - Research Vessel Services[3]
BuilderAppledore Shipbuilders, North Devon[4]
Yard number138[2]
Laid down1984
Launched22 February 1984 by the Prince of Wales[1]
Out of serviceJune 2006
HomeportLondon
The British civil ensign.United Kingdom
NameRV Ocean Researcher
OwnerGardline Shipping ltd.[6]
OperatorGardline Shipping Limited.
Port of registryLowestoft[5]
Acquired2006
Identification
Statusin service
General characteristics
Class and typeDTp VII, Lloyds 100A1[7]
TypeOceanography then Multi-Role Survey Vessel
Displacement2,556 tonnes, fully loaded.
Length69.4 m (228 ft)
Beam14.4 m (47 ft)
Draught4.85 m (16 ft)
Installed power3 Mirrlees Blackstone MB275 diesels: 7,950 hp (5,928 kW)
Propulsion
  • Single controllable pitch 4-bladed StoneVickers propeller
  • White Gill Azimuthing bow thruster
Speed12.5 knots (23.2 km/h; 14.4 mph)
Range9,240 nautical miles (17,110 km; 10,630 mi)
Endurance35 days
Complement39 (inc. scientific staff)
Sensors and
processing systems
Simrad EM 12S 120 and EA500 echo/sonar; multiple GPS systems; Bridgemaster ARPA C342/6 and C252/6 radar.

HistoryEdit

RRS Charles Darwin was built in 1985 by Appledore Shipbuilders in Devon. Named after the eminent English naturalist, she was used primarily for research in oceanography, geology, and geophysics. After 21 years of service, Charles Darwin was retired in June 2006, and replaced by the RRS James Cook.[8]

Purchased by Gardline Marine Sciences Limited of Great Yarmouth, she was renamed RV Ocean Researcher, and now conducts geophysical surveys.[9]

 
Ocean Researcher

Science cruisesEdit

RRS Charles Darwin carried out 180 research cruises, worldwide, in her 21 years as a Natural Environment Research Council ship. The first cruise, in 1985, in the Northeast Atlantic, was led by Professor John Gould. Researchers from the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, studying climate change, have used RRS Charles Darwin to investigate the slowing of the Gulf Stream. Her final cruise was a geophysical survey for the British Geological Survey.[8]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Freeman, R. B. (2007). "Charles Darwin: A companion". The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
  2. ^ "Charles Darwin". Ship Photos. Archived from the original on 29 August 2009. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
  3. ^ "Charles Darwin". Research Ship Schedules & Information. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
  4. ^ "Ocean Researcher". Sea Agent. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
  5. ^ "Ocean Researcher". Ships Nostalgia. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
  6. ^ "Ocean Researcher". Ships Old and New. Retrieved 28 February 2010.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "RRS Charles Darwin". The Inter-Agency Committee on Marine Science and Technology. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 13 October 2007.
  8. ^ a b "Farewell to Royal Research Ship". NERC. 9 June 2006. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  9. ^ "Ocean Researcher". Gardline Geosurvey. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2007.