R. Ramachandra Rao

Diwan Bahadur Raghunatha Rao Ramachandra Rao (c. 1871 – July 1936) was an Indian civil servant, mathematician and social and political activist who served as District Collector in British India.

Raghunatha Rao Ramachandra Rao
R. Ramachandra Rao.jpg
A portrait of R. Ramachandra Rao
DiedJuly 1936 (age 65)
EducationPresidency College, Madras
EmployerGovernment of Madras Presidency
Known forcivil servant

Early life and educationEdit

Ramachandra Rao was born in an aristocratic Thanjavur Marathi Deshastha Brahmin family in 1871. He had his schooling in Trivandrum and graduated from the Presidency College, Madras.


Rao entered the Indian Civil Service in 1890 at the age of nineteen. He served as Assistant Collector and Magistrate from 1890 to 1891 and as an official in the Revenue Department from 1891 to 1892. Rao became Deputy Collector in 1892 and Sub Collector in 1898. In 1901, Rao was appointed District Collector of Kurnool and served till 1907. He served as Registrar of Cooperative Societies from 1907 to 1910. From 1910 to 1914, Rao served as District Collector of Nellore and in the Indian Public Services Commission from 4 to 20 January 1914. Rao retired as District Collector of Madras in 1926.

Later years and deathEdit

After his retirement, Rao devoted his time to social and political activities. He organised an All India Exhibition in Madras during the 1927 Indian National Congress session. Rao always wore Swadeshi clothes and was a close associate of C. Rajagopalachari.

Ramachandra Rao suffered a paralytic stroke in 1930. Following the stroke, Ramachandra Rao was confined to his bed. He died in July 1936 at the age of 65.

Other interestsEdit

Ramachandra Rao was a keen mathematician and astronomer and served as President of the Indian Mathematical Society. He was president of the Indian Mathematical Society from 1915-17.[1] He assisted mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan when he was jobless and got him a clerk's job at the Madras Port Trust.

In popular cultureEdit

In the Tamil biographical film Ramanujan (2014), actor Sarath Babu played the character Diwan Bahadur R. Ramachandra Rao ICS. The movie itself was based on the life of renowned Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan.


  1. ^ "The Succession List of the Office-Bearers of The Indian Mathematical Society". Indian Mathematical Society.
  • South Indian Maharashtrians: Mahratta Education Society's Silver Jubilee Souvenir. Madras: Mahratta Education Society. 1937. pp. 99–100.