The Rába (German: Raab; Hungarian: Rába; Slovene: Raba [ˈɾáːba][3]) is a river in southeastern Austria and western Hungary and a right tributary of the Danube.

Rába
Raba-molnaszecsod-1.jpg
The Rába at Molnaszecsőd
Location
CountriesAustria and Hungary
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationAustrian Alps (Teichalm)
 • elevation1,150 m (3,770 ft)
Mouth 
 • location
Danube (Mosoni Duna branch), Győr
 • coordinates
47°41′03″N 17°38′04″E / 47.68417°N 17.63444°E / 47.68417; 17.63444Coordinates: 47°41′03″N 17°38′04″E / 47.68417°N 17.63444°E / 47.68417; 17.63444
Length298.2 km (185.3 mi) [1]
Basin size14,968 km2 (5,779 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • average18 m3/s (640 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionDanubeBlack Sea
Tributaries 
 • leftLafnitz, Pinka, Gyöngyös
 • rightMarcal
Official nameRába valley
Designated6 October 2006
Reference no.1645[2]

GeographyEdit

Its source is in Austria, some kilometres east of Bruck an der Mur below Heubodenhöhe Hill. It flows through the Austrian states of Styria and Burgenland, and the Hungarian counties of Vas and Győr-Moson-Sopron. Its is 298.2 km (185.3 mi) long, of which about 100 km in Austria.[1] It flows into a tributary of the Danube (Mosoni-Duna) in northwestern Hungary, in the city of Győr. Towns along the Rába include Gleisdorf, Feldbach (both in Austria), and Szentgotthárd and Körmend (in Hungary). In the early Cenozoic the river used to flow in the opposite direction, but tectonic uplift reversed this flow.

NameEdit

The Rába was attested as Latin Arrabo and Greek Arabon (Ἀραβον) in antiquity, as Raba and Hrapa in AD 791, and as ad Rapam in 890. The various modern names of the river are derived from the Romance reflex Rābo. The name is probably Indo-European, but its origin is unknown.[4]

Rába SlovenesEdit

The Rába Slovenes, living in the Rába Valley (Sln. Porabje, Hung. Vendvidék), are the westernmost group of Hungarian Slovenes. The Raba Valley is part of the wider region of Prekmurje.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Digitaler Atlas der Steiermark (Styria)
  2. ^ "Rába valley". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Raba".
  4. ^ Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan. p. 339.
  5. ^ "Slovenians in Hungary". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Slovenia. Retrieved 11 February 2011.