The Rába (German: Raab; Hungarian: Rába; Slovene: Raba [ˈɾáːba][3]) is a river in southeastern Austria and western Hungary and a right tributary of the Danube.

The Rába at Molnaszecsőd
CountriesAustria and Hungary
Physical characteristics
 • locationAustrian Alps (Teichalm)
 • elevation1,150 m (3,770 ft)
 • location
Danube (Mosoni Duna branch), Győr
 • coordinates
47°41′03″N 17°38′04″E / 47.68417°N 17.63444°E / 47.68417; 17.63444
Length298.2 km (185.3 mi) [1]
Basin size10,401 km2 (4,016 sq mi)
 • average18 m3/s (640 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionDanubeBlack Sea
 • leftLafnitz, Pinka, Gyöngyös
 • rightMarcal
Official nameRába valley
Designated6 October 2006
Reference no.1645[2]


Its source is in Austria, some kilometres east of Bruck an der Mur below Heubodenhöhe Hill. It flows through the Austrian states of Styria and Burgenland, and the Hungarian counties of Vas and Győr-Moson-Sopron. It is 298.2 km (185.3 mi) long, of which about 100 km in Austria.[1] It flows into a tributary of the Danube (Mosoni-Duna) in northwestern Hungary, in the city of Győr. Its basin area is 10,401 km2 (4,016 sq mi).[4] Towns along the Rába include Gleisdorf, Feldbach (both in Austria), and Szentgotthárd and Körmend (in Hungary). In the early Cenozoic the river used to flow in the opposite direction, but tectonic uplift reversed this flow.


The Rába was attested as Latin Arrabo and Greek Arabon (Ἀραβον) in antiquity, as Raba and Hrapa in AD 791, and as ad Rapam in 890. The various modern names of the river are derived from the Romance reflex Rābo. The name is probably Indo-European, but its origin is unknown.[5]

Rába SlovenesEdit

The Rába Slovenes, living in the Rába Valley (Sln. Porabje, Hung. Vendvidék), are the westernmost group of Hungarian Slovenes. The Raba Valley is part of the wider region of Prekmurje.[6]


  1. ^ a b Digitaler Atlas der Steiermark (Styria)
  2. ^ "Rába valley". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Raba".
  4. ^ "Flächenverzeichnis der Flussgebiete: Leitha-, Rabnitz- und Raabgebiet" (PDF). Beiträge zur Hydrografie Österreichs Heft 63. December 2014. p. 137.
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan. p. 339.
  6. ^ "Slovenians in Hungary". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Slovenia. Retrieved 11 February 2011.