Qureshi

Qureshi (also known as Qureyshi, Quraishi, Qurayshi, Qureshy, Quraishy, Qoraishi, Qoreshi, Koraishi, Kureshi, Kureshy, Kureishi, Coreish) is a Muslim family name. In English it has many spellings, in Arabic is spelled "قريشي", which means part of Quraish Family (Arabic: قريش‎). The title is associate with the family of Prophet of Islam. [2] At present, Qasai or Kasayi or Qassab who are engaged in meat cutting and selling business add this title after their name to enhance their social status. [3]

Qureshi
Pronunciation[qureːʃiː], [qureʃiː]
Origin
MeaningMember of the Quraish tribe
Region of originMakkah, Hijaz, modern day Arabia
Other names
Variant form(s)Qureshi, Kureshi, Qurashi, Quraishy, Qureishy, Qureyshi, Qurayshi, Quraishi, Qureshy, Quraishy, Qoraishi, Qoreshi, Koraishi, Kureshi, Kureshy, Kureishi, Kourashi, Coreishi,Qurrish, Quraish

It is a common surname of Syeds in South Asia and parts of Western Asia, particularly the Arabian peninsula.[4] Most bearers of the name, by far, are in Pakistan (82%: 1,210,000, out of 1,470,000 worldwide), where it is the ninth most common surname. India has the second most (11%: 162,000), followed by Saudi Arabia (2.5%: 36,300), England (0.65%: 9,580) and Iran.[5]

HistoryEdit

According to the Dictionary of American Family Names, the Qureshis are descendants of the Quraysh, the leading tribe in Mecca at the time of the birth of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (570 AD); Muhammad's father was a member of it. The Quraish at first opposed Muhammad's teachings and is said to have persecuted him and his followers, but by the time of his death they had begun to convert to the new faith and played an important role in bringing Arabia to Islam.[6]

Other usageEdit

According to M Naushad Ansari, who is director of the Centre for Dissemination of Universal Message, New Delhi, "Nevertheless, of late, some of these Muslim caste groups became organized and have given themselves Muslim nomenclatures. They identified and associated themselves with Islamic personalities. For example, the Qasai or Qasab or butchers designated themselves as Qureshi; the weavers as Ansari.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Qureshi Family Information". Qureshifamily.info. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  2. ^ Ahmad, Zarin (2018-06-14). Delhi’s Meatscapes: Muslim Butchers in a Transforming Mega-City. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-909538-4.
  3. ^ Ahmad, Zarin (2018-06-14). Delhi’s Meatscapes: Muslim Butchers in a Transforming Mega-City. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-909538-4.
  4. ^ Ahmad, Zarin (2018-06-14). Delhi’s Meatscapes: Muslim Butchers in a Transforming Mega-City. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-909538-4.
  5. ^ "Qureshi Surname Meaning & Statistics". Forebears. Retrieved 31 March 2017. Data as of 2014. Frequency counts rounded to three significant digits; percentages to two significant digits. See the Talk page.
  6. ^ Dictionary of American Family Names. 2013, Oxford University Press.