This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2009)
A quintet is a group containing five members. It is commonly associated with musical groups, such as a string quintet, or a group of five singers, but can be applied to any situation where five similar or related objects are considered a single unit.
In classical instrumental music, any additional instrument (such as a piano, clarinet, oboe, etc.) joined to the usual string quartet (two violins, a viola, and a cello), gives the resulting ensemble its name, such as "piano quintet", "clarinet quintet", etc. A piece of music written for such a group is similarly named.
The standard wind quintet consists of one player each on flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, and horn, while the standard brass quintet has two trumpets, horn, trombone, and tuba. Other combinations are sometimes found, however.
In jazz music, a quintet is group of five players, usually consisting of two of any of the following instruments, guitar, trumpet, saxophone, clarinet, flute or trombone, in addition to those of the traditional jazz trio – piano, double bass, drums.
In some modern bands there are quintets formed from the same family of instruments with various voices, as an all-brass ensemble, or all saxophones, in soprano, alto, baritone, and bass, and sometimes contrabass.
Notable quintets edit
Performing groups edit
- Bergen Wind Quintet
- Canadian Brass
- Danzi Quintet
- Dorian Wind Quintet
- Imani Winds
- New London Chamber Ensemble
- New York Woodwind Quintet
- Quintet of the Americas
- Soni Ventorum Wind Quintet
- Vancouver Woodwind Quintet
- Vento Chiaro
Classical music edit
- Luigi Boccherini: String Quintet in E major, Op. 11, No. 5 (1775)
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Quintet for Piano and Winds, K. 452 (1784) , Clarinet Quintet, K. 581 (1789)
- Franz Schubert: Trout Quintet in A major, D. 667 (1819), String Quintet in C major, Op. 163 (D. 956, 1828)
- Robert Schumann: Piano Quintet in E-flat, Op. 44 (1842)
- Johannes Brahms: Piano Quintet in F minor, Op. 34 (1862); String Quintet No. 1 in F major, Op. 88 (1882); Clarinet Quintet in B minor, Op. 115 (1891)
- Antonín Dvořák: Piano Quintet No. 1, Op.5 (1872); Piano Quintet No. 2 (1887); String Quintet No. 3 (1893)
- Anton Bruckner: String Quintet in F major (1879)
- Paul Hindemith: Kleine Kammermusik, Op. 24, No. 2 (1922)
- Carl Nielsen: Wind Quintet (1922)
- Arnold Schoenberg: Wind Quintet, Op. 26 (1923–24)
- Heitor Villa-Lobos: Quinteto (em forma de chôros) (1928)
- Dmitri Shostakovich: Piano Quintet in G minor, Op. 57 (1940)
- Karlheinz Stockhausen: Zeitmaße (1955–56)
- George Perle: Wind Quintet No. 4 (1984–85)
Jazz at Massey Hall edit
Also known as The Greatest Jazz Concert Ever, featuring a group simply known as "The Quintet", made up of Charlie Parker, alto saxophone; Dizzy Gillespie, trumpet; Bud Powell, piano; Charles Mingus, bass; and Max Roach, drums. They performed at Massey Hall in Toronto, Canada on 15 May 1953. This concert took place against all odds: Bud Powell was drunk; Charlie Parker, identified as "Charlie Chan" in the original notes, played on a plastic alto saxophone; and Dizzy Gillespie would disappear offstage to check on the status of the first Rocky Marciano-Jersey Joe Walcott heavyweight championship match.
Miles Davis edit
- The First Great Quintet (1955–1958) Miles Davis, trumpet; John Coltrane, tenor saxophone; Red Garland, piano; Paul Chambers, bass; Philly Joe Jones, drums.
- The Second Great Quintet (1964–1968) Miles Davis, trumpet; Wayne Shorter, tenor saxophone; Herbie Hancock, piano; Ron Carter, bass; Tony Williams, drums.
- The Temptations 1960–present
- The Dells 1954–present
- The Dramatics
- The Tavares
- The Stylistics
- Blue Magic
- Jackson 5 1964–1975,
- The Jacksons 1976–