Djoumbé Fatima

  (Redirected from Queen Jumbe-Souli)

Djoumbé Fatima (1837–1878), also known as Djoumbé Soudi or Queen Jumbe-Souli, was queen of Mohéli in Comoros from the age of five until her death.

Djoumbé Fatima
Djoumbe Fatima 1868.jpg
Photograph of Djoumbé Fatima taken in Paris in 1868
Queen (Sultan) of Mohéli (Mwali)
Reign1842–1865
1874–1878
Coronation26 May 1849, Fomboni
PredecessorRamanetaka
Mohamed bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara
SuccessorMohamed bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara
Abderremane bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara
Born1836/37
Ouallah, Mohéli
Died1878 (1879) (aged 41)
SpouseSaid Muhammad bin Nasser Mkadara, Prince Consort and Regent of Mohéli
Issue1. Mohamed bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara (c. 1859−1874)
2. Abderremane bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara (c. 1860−1885)
3. Mahmudu bin Mohamed Makadara (1863−1898)
4. Prince Bakoko (–1901)
5. Salima Machamba (1874–1964)
HouseDynasty of Merina
FatherRamanetaka (–1842)
MotherRavao (–1847)

Early lifeEdit

Jumbe-Souli inherited the throne of the island of Moheli (Mwali) after the death of her father, King Ramanateka, also known as Sultan Abderahmane. Ramanateka was a Malagasy prince who ran away from Madagascar after the death of King Radama I.[1] She was also a cousin of King Radama II. She had a sister, Jumbe-Salama, who died young.[2]

Her parents were Merina of Madagascar. Her father, General Ramanataka, was brother-in-law to Radama I, King of Madagascar. He died in 1842 and Djoumbé ascended to the throne. Her mother, Ravao, ruled as regent for a time and married her husband's former adviser, Tsivandini, in 1843. He became Djoumbé's tutor and started making arrangements for her marriage to the sultan of Zanzibar.[3]

ReignEdit

When the missionary David Griffiths returned to Moheli in 1841, expecting to meet her father he in fact found his young daughter Jumbe-Souli on the throne.[4] Jumbe-Souli, like the majority of people on the island was Muslim and did not convert to Christianity.

 
Queen Jumbe-Souli receiving a French delegation in 1863

Ravao and Tsivandini divorced in 1846. Mayotte had recently been ceded to France, and the French, eager to develop their presence on Mohéli, arranged for a Madame Droit to serve as governess for Djoumbé.[5] The French also arranged for her coronation at the age of 12, in 1849. Two years later she expelled the governess and married Saïd Mohammed Nasser M'Kadar, who was cousin to Zanzibar's sultan. M'Kadar became prince consort and ruled with Fatima until 1860, when he was ousted by the French. Fatima held on to the throne, marrying two sultans. She renounced the throne for her son.[3]

In 1863, the French government sent a delegation to meet with Queen Jumbe-Souli and the event was recorded by a visiting photographer Désiré Charnay.[6] He recorded that she seemed "melancholy and sickly" and had a number of attendants.[7] She was dressed extremely finely in a "robe of rich Turkish tissue of silk and gold". Her dress covered most of her face, with only her hand visible.[8] The purpose of the visit had been to impress upon the young queen the advantages of becoming a French colony; she resisted.[2] Jumbe-Souli lived in the palace, overlooking the sea, next to which was the garrison - a white building of two rooms, which held 28 soldiers.[2]

When the French returned in 1871, she was restored to the throne and ruled until her death in 1878.[3]

ChildrenEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Five African queens you did not know existed - Page 3 of 6". Face2Face Africa. 2018-09-01. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
  2. ^ a b c CHARNAY, DÉSIRÉ (1862). MADAGASCAR VOL D'OISEAU. p. 67.
  3. ^ a b c Sheldon, Kathleen (2005). "Djoumbe Fatima (1837–1878)". Historical Dictionary of Women in Sub-Saharan Africa. Lanham (Maryland): Scarecrow Press. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-8108-5331-7.
  4. ^ Campbell, Gwyn (2012-04-03). David Griffiths and the Missionary "History of Madagascar". BRILL. p. 112. ISBN 978-90-04-19518-9.
  5. ^ Ottenheimer, Martin; Ottenheimer, Harriet (1994). Historical Dictionary of the Comoro Islands. Metuchen, NJ [u.a.]: Scarecrow Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-8108-2819-3.
  6. ^ "La Reine de Mohely | The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston". www.mfah.org. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
  7. ^ "BnF - Trésors photographiques de la Société de géographie". expositions.bnf.fr. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
  8. ^ Campbell, Gwyn (2012-04-03). David Griffiths and the Missionary "History of Madagascar". BRILL. p. 729. ISBN 978-90-04-19518-9.
  9. ^ Mwali Archived October 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (Access date: 27 October 2014)

Further readingEdit

  • Ibrahime, Mahmoud (2001) "Djoumbé Fatima: Une reine comorienne face aux visées coloniales de la marine française." Tarehi - Revue d'Histoire et d'Archéologie 2, 10–17.
  • Grosdidier, Christophe: Djoumbe Fatima, reine de Mohéli, L'Harmattan, Paris, 2004. ISBN 978-2-7475-6953-8
Djoumbé Fatima
Born: 1837 Died: 1878
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ramanetaka
Mohamed bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara
Queen (Sultan) of Mohéli (Mwali)
1842–1865
1874–1878
Succeeded by
Mohamed bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara
Abderremane bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara