List of rulers of Oman

The Sultan of the Sultanate of Oman is the monarch and head of state of Oman. It is the most powerful position in the country. The sultans of Oman are members of the Al Said dynasty, which is the ruling family of Oman since the mid-18th century.

Sultan of Oman
سلطان عمان
Royal Standard of Oman.svg
Incumbent
Secretary Pompeo Meets with the Sultan of Oman Haitham bin Tariq Al Said (49565463757) (cropped).jpg
Haitham bin Tariq Al Said
since 11 January 2020
Details
StyleHis Majesty
Heir apparentNone currently designated
First monarchAl-Julanda bin Mas'ood (imamate)
Ahmad bin Said (as Sultan)
Formation751 (imamate)
1744 (Al Said Dynasty)
ResidenceAl Alam Palace
Websitewww.oman.om

Since 11 January 2020, Haitham bin Tariq Al Said has been the current sultan.[1]

List of Imams (751–1406)Edit

Imams Tribe Residence Began to reign Reference
Transliteration of the Arab names Names in Arab script
Al-Julanda bin Mas'ood الجلندى بن مسعود Azd ? 751 [2]
Mohammed bin Abi Affan محمد بن أبي عفان Azd Nizwa ? [3]
Al-Warith bin Ka'ab الوارث بن كعب Yahmad Nizwa 801 [4]
Ghassan bin Abdullah غسان بن عبد الله Yahmad Nizwa 807 [5]
Abdulmalik bin Humaid عبد المالك بن حميد Azd ? 824 [6]
Al-Muhanna bin Jayfar المهنا بن جيفر Yahmad Nizwa 840 [7]
Al-Salt bin Malik الصلت بن مالك Azd ? 851 [8]
Rashid bin Al-Nadhar راشد بن النظر ? ? 886 [9]
Azzan bin Tamim عزان بن تميم ? Nizwa 890 [10]
Mohammed bin Al-Hassan محمد بن الحسن Azd ? 897 [11]
Azzan bin Al-Hazbar عزان بن الهزبر Yahmad ? 898 [12]
Abdullah bin Mohammed عبد الله بن محمد ? ? 899 [13]
Al-Salt bin Al-Qasim الصلت بن القاسم ? ? 900 [14]
Al-Husn bin Said الحسن بن سعيد ? ? 900 [15]
Al-Hawari bin Matraf الحواري بن مطرف ? ? 904 [16]
Omar bin Mohammed عمر بن محمد ? ? 912 [17]
Mohammed bin Yazid محمد بن يزيد Kinda ? ? [18]
Al-Hakm bin Al-Milaa Al-Bahri الحكم بن الملا البحري ? Nizwa ? [19]
Said bin Abdullah سعيد بن عبد الله ? ? 939 [20]
Rashid bin Waleed راشد بن الوليد ? Nizwa ? [21]
Al-Khalil bin Shadhan الخليل بن شاذان ? ? 1002 [22]
Rashid bin Said راشد بن سعيد ? ? 1032 [23]
Hafs bin Rashid حفص بن راشد ? ? 1068 [24]
Rashid bin Ali راشد بن علي ? ? 1054 [25]
Musa bin Jabir ابن جابر موسى ? Nizwa 1154 [26]
Salim bin Rashid Al Kharusi Azdi, Yamani, Qahtani ? 1331 - 1338 [27]
Malik bin Aly مالك بن علي ? ? 1406 [28]

List of Imams (1406–1749)Edit

Nabhani dynasty (1406–1624)Edit

Name Portrait Reign start Reign end Notes
Makhzum bin al Fallah   1406 1435
Abul Hassan of Oman   1435 1451
Omar bin al Khattab   1451 1490
Omar al Sharif   1490 1500
Muhammad bin Ismail   1500 1529 Portuguese protectorate imposed on 15 April 1515.
Barakat bin Muhammad   1529 1560
Abdulla bin Muhammad   1560 1624

Yaruba dynasty (1624–1749)Edit

Name Portrait Reign start Reign end Notes
Nasir bin Murshid   1624 1649
Sultan bin Saif   1649 1679 Portuguese protectorate ended with their expulsion on 1 January 1650.
Bil'arab bin Sultan   1679 1692
Saif bin Sultan   1692 1711
Sultan bin Saif II   1711 1718
Saif bin Sultan II   1718 1719
Muhanna bin Sultan   1719 1720
Saif bin Sultan II   1720 1722 Second reign
Ya'arab bin Bel'arab   1722 1722
Saif bin Sultan II   1722 1724 Third reign
Muhammad bin Nasir   1724 1728 Not a member of the dynasty
Saif bin Sultan II   1728 1742 Fourth reign; at first in the coastal area only
Bal'arab bin Himyar   1728 1737 First reign; in the interior
Sultan bin Murshid   1742 1743
Bal'arab bin Himyar   1743 1749 Second reign; in the interior

List of SultansEdit

Al Said dynasty (1749–present)Edit

Name Portrait Reign start Reign end Notes
Ahmad bin Said   10 June 1749 15 December 1783 From 1744 in the coastal region
Said bin Ahmad   15 December 1783 1784 Last direct male descendant of Al Bu Said to hold the office of Imam. He abdicated secular power to his son Hamad and retired to Rustaq where he died in 1803.[29]
Hamad bin Said   1784 13 March 1792
Sultan bin Ahmad   13 March 1792 20 November 1804
Salim bin Sultan   20 November 1804 14 September 1806 Co-Rulers
Said bin Sultan  
14 September 1806 19 October 1856 Sole Ruler
Thuwaini bin Said   19 October 1856 11 February 1866 Killed
Salim bin Thuwaini   11 February 1866 3 October 1868 Deposed
Azzan bin Qais   3 October 1868 30 January 1871 Killed
Turki bin Said   30 January 1871 4 June 1888
Faisal bin Turki   4 June 1888 9 October 1913 British protectorate imposed on 20 March 1891.[30][31]
Taimur bin Feisal   9 October 1913 10 February 1932 Abdicated. Died in exile in India on 28 January 1965.
Said bin Taimur   10 February 1932 23 July 1970 Deposed in the 1970 Omani coup d'état. Died in exile in the United Kingdom on 19 October 1972.
Qaboos bin Said   23 July 1970 10 January 2020 British protectorate ended on 2 December 1971.
Haitham bin Tariq   11 January 2020 Incumbent

SuccessionEdit

Unlike the heads of other Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Qaboos did not publicly name an heir. Article 6 of the constitution says the royal family should choose a new sultan within three days of the position falling vacant. If the royal family council fails to agree, a letter containing a name penned by Sultan Qaboos should be opened in the presence of a defence council of military and security officials, supreme court chiefs, and heads of the two quasi-parliamentary advisory assemblies.[32] Analysts saw the rules as an elaborate means of Sultan Qaboos securing his choice for successor without causing controversy by making it public during his lifetime, since it was considered unlikely that the royal family would be able to agree on a successor on its own.[32]

Qaboos had no children nor siblings; there are other male members of the Omani royal family including paternal uncles and their families. Using same-generation primogeniture, the successor to Qaboos would appear to be the children of his late uncle, Sayyid Tariq bin Taimur Al Said, Oman's first prime minister before the sultan took over the position himself (and his former father-in-law).[33] Oman watchers believed the top contenders to succeed Qaboos were three of Tariq's sons: Assad bin Tariq Al Said, Deputy Prime Minister[34] for International Relations and Cooperation[35] and the Sultan’s special representative; Shihab bin Tariq, a retired Royal Navy of Oman commander; and Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, the Minister of Heritage and National Culture.[32][36]

On 11 January 2020, Oman state TV said authorities had opened the letter by Sultan Qaboos bin Said naming his successor, announcing shortly that Haitham bin Tariq is the country’s ruling sultan.[37] Unlike Qaboos, Haitham bin Tariq has children, two sons and two daughters.[38][39][40]

Standard of the SultanEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

General
  • "Oman's Rulers Through History (Pre-Islam – 12th Century AD)". Ministry of Information of the Sultanate of Oman. Archived from the original on 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
  • "Oman's Rulers Through History (13th Century AD – 18th Century AD)". Ministry of Information of the Sultanate of Oman. Archived from the original on 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
  • "The Al Bu Said Dynasty". Ministry of Information of the Sultanate of Oman. Archived from the original on 2010-05-12. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
Specific
  1. ^ "Oman's new ruler Haitham bin Tariq takes oath: newspapers". Reuters. 11 January 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 7
  3. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 9
  4. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 10
  5. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 12
  6. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 15
  7. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 16
  8. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 19
  9. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 19
  10. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 20
  11. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 25
  12. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 25
  13. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 26
  14. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 26
  15. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 26
  16. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 26
  17. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 27
  18. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 28
  19. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 29
  20. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 29
  21. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 30
  22. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 35
  23. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 35
  24. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 35
  25. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 35
  26. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 36
  27. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 36
  28. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 36
  29. ^ Rentz, George (1997) Oman and the south-eastern shore of Arabia Ithaca Press, Reading, Berkshire, United Kingdom : pages 204-205, ISBN 0-86372-199-0
  30. ^ See Persian Gulf Residency
  31. ^ Oman
  32. ^ a b c Dokoupil, Martin (24 May 2012). "Succession Question Fuels Uncertainty in Oman". Reuters. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
  33. ^ HH Prince Sayyid Tarik bin Taimur al-Said Archived 1 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved on 14 July 2011.
  34. ^ "In Oman, a train-of-succession mystery: Who follows Qaboos?". 17 April 2017 – via Christian Science Monitor.
  35. ^ "oman9". royalark.net.
  36. ^ "Sultan Qaboos of Oman dies aged 79". 11 January 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  37. ^ "Oman names culture minister as successor to Sultan Qaboos". AP NEWS. 11 January 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  38. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-oman-sultan-newsmaker/omans-new-ruler-chosen-to-provide-continuity-idUSKBN1ZA0KV
  39. ^ https://www.unofficialroyalty.com/haitham-bin-tariq-al-said-sultan-of-oman/
  40. ^ https://www.tehrantimes.com/news/444092/Who-is-the-new-Sultan-of-Oman

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

  • Buyers, Christopher. "Oman". The Royal Ark: Royal and Ruling Houses of Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas. Retrieved 2010-08-08.