Qazim Koculi

Qazim Koculi (August 22, 1887 – January 2, 1943) was an Albanian politician of the early 20th century and one-day acting Prime Minister of Albania. He was also the principal military commander of the Albanian forces during the Vlora War in 1920. He was honored by the president with the title "Kalorës i Urdhërit të Skënderbeut" in August 2020.

Qazim Koculi
Qazim Koculi (portret).jpg
Prime Minister of Albania (acting)
In office
December 6, 1921 – December 7, 1921
Preceded byPandeli Evangjeli
Succeeded byHasan Prishtina
Personal details
Born(1887-08-22)August 22, 1887
Kocul, Sanjak of Avlona, Ottoman Albania
DiedJanuary 2, 1943(1943-01-02) (aged 55)
Vlorë, Albanian Kingdom
Professionmilitary commander, politician
AwardsTitulli "Hero i Popullit".svg Hero of the People
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Ottoman Empire
 Principality of Albania
Branch/service Ottoman Navy
Years of serviceuntil 1909, 1920
RankFirst Lieutenant
Battles/warsBattle of Vlora

Early lifeEdit

Qazim Koculi was born in 1887 in the village of Koculi, close to Vlorë (in the then Ottoman Empire, now modern Albania) to Muhamet Koçiu.[1] With the help of Syrja bey Vlora,[2] Koculi received his primary education in Vlorë and later moved to Ioannina, today's Greece to attend the well-known Zosimea Gymnasium. He accomplished his higher education at the Kara Harp Okulu Turkish Military Academy, graduating as a Teğmen (Second Lieutenant). He was appointed to the Ottoman Navy as a Üsteğmen (First Lieutenant).

He disobeyed a military order in 1909 during a naval battle in Preveza by refusing to surrender to the Italian Navy. After a warrant for his arrest was issued by the Imperial Command, Koculi fled to Argentina, where he resided until 1912.

He then returned to Vlorë upon the invitation of President Ismail Qemali. The latter appointed him Director of the Port of Vlorë, a position he held until the takeover of the port by the Italians in October 1914. He withdrew to Brataj, Vlorë and served as a village chief until 1917. He later served as vice prefect of Tepelenë until 1919.

Vlora War and politicsEdit

Koculi represented Vlorë in the Congress of Lushnjë, a constituent assembly held in January 1920, and was hence appointed member of parliament. He was also Prefect of Vlorë on May 29, 1920.[3] At the same time he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Vlora War Committee. Koculi led his army against the Italian forces in the Battle of Vlora, at the end of which, on September 3, 1920, he marched into the city and took back the duties of the Vlorë prefecture.

Upon the establishment of a democratic government by the Congress of Lushnjë, the first elections for the national legislature were held on April 5, 1921, Koculi won the Vlorë district.

Koculi was Minister of Public Works in the Government of Fan Noli by pursuing a policy of opposition to King Zogu.[4] He was one of the founders of KONARE in Vienna in 1925.

With the Italian invasion of Albania of 1939, Koculi returned to Albania. He was one of the Ministers of State during the government of Mustafa Kruja, and was delegated High commissioner in Vlorë, being so the direct governmental authority in the district. After the Battle of Gjorm, Koculi was murdered in Vlorë by the militia led by Halil Alia.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Agaj, Ago (1971). Vlora War: Told by a participant [Lufta e Vlorës: tregim i njëj pjesëmarrësi] (in Albanian). p. 179.
  2. ^ Vlora, Eqrem bej (2003). Kujtime 1885-1925. Translated by Afrim Koçi. Tiranë: IDK. p. 470. ISBN 99927-780-6-7.
  3. ^ Pearson, Owen (2004). Albania and King Zog: independence, republic and monarchy 1908–1939. The Centre for Albanian Studies. p. 145. ISBN 9781845110130.
  4. ^ Pearson 2004, p. 224
Political offices
Preceded by
Pandeli Evangjeli
Prime Minister of Albania (acting)
December 6, 1921 – December 7, 1921
Succeeded by
Hasan Prishtina