The Pyrophorini are a New World taxonomic tribe within the Elateridae (click beetle) subfamily Agrypninae.[1] Pyrophorini is a tribe of bioluminescent beetles, and includes such genera as Pyrophorus and Ignelater.

Pyrophorus luminosus.JPG
Ignelater luminosus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Elateridae
Subfamily: Agrypninae
Tribe: Pyrophorini
Candèze, 1863

It is believed to be monophyletic.

The tribe Anaissini is very closely related to the Pyrophorini (it includes species formerly placed in Pyrophorini); the latter is exclusively bioluminescent, while the former has only some species that are known to be bioluminescent.[2] Another bioluminescent lineage is Campyloxenus pyrothorax (from Chile) in the related monotypic subfamily Campyloxeninae. The Sinopyrophoridae were thought to represent the first bioluminescent click beetles known from Asia, but actually represent an distantly related novel bioluminescent beetle family.[3][4]



  1. ^ Kundrata R, Kubaczkova M, Prosvirov AS, Douglas HB, Fojtikova A, Costa C, Bousquet Y, Alonso-Zarazaga MA, Bouchard P (2019) World catalogue of the genus-group names in Elateridae (Insecta, Coleoptera). Part I: Agrypninae, Campyloxeninae, Hemiopinae, Lissominae, Oestodinae, Parablacinae, Physodactylinae, Pityobiinae, Subprotelaterinae, Tetralobinae. ZooKeys 839: 83–154.
  2. ^ Rosa, Simone Policena; Costa, Cleide (2013). "Description of the larva of Alampoides alychnus (Kirsch, 1873), the first known species with bioluminescent immatures in Euplinthini (Elateridae, Agrypninae)". Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo). 53 (22): 301–307. doi:10.1590/S0031-10492013002200001. ISSN 0031-1049.
  3. ^ Bi, Wen-Xuan; He, Jin-Wu; Chen, Chang-Chin; Kundrata, Robin; Li, Xue-Yan (2019-07-17). "Sinopyrophorinae, a new subfamily of Elateridae (Coleoptera, Elateroidea) with the first record of a luminous click beetle in Asia and evidence for multiple origins of bioluminescence in Elateridae". ZooKeys. Pensoft Publishers (864): 79–97. doi:10.3897/zookeys.864.26689. ISSN 1313-2970. PMC 6656784. PMID 31363346.
  4. ^ Kusy, Dominik; He, Jin‐Wu; Bybee, Seth M.; Motyka, Michal; Bi, Wen‐Xuan; Podsiadlowski, Lars; Li, Xue‐Yan; Bocak, Ladislav (2020-08-25). "Phylogenomic relationships of bioluminescent elateroids define the 'lampyroid' clade with clicking Sinopyrophoridae as its earliest member". Systematic Entomology. Wiley. doi:10.1111/syen.12451. ISSN 0307-6970.