Puli Khumri

Puli Khumri (پلخمری), also spelled Pul-i-Khumri or Pol-e Khomri, is a city in northern Afghanistan, located about 100 kilometres (60 mi) south of Kunduz, 200 kilometres (120 mi) southeast of Mazar-i-Sharif, and 230 kilometres (140 mi) north of Kabul. Puli Khumri is the capital and largest city of Baghlan Province, whose name comes from the other major town in the province, Baghlan.[2] It is a major industrial city.[3] The city of Puli Khumri has a population of 221,274 (in 2015).[4] It has 6 districts and a total land area of 3,752 hectares.[5] The total number of dwellings in the city are 24,586.[6]

Puli Khumri
پلخمری
View of the city
View of the city
Puli Khumri is located in Afghanistan
Puli Khumri
Puli Khumri
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 35°57′N 68°42′E / 35.950°N 68.700°E / 35.950; 68.700Coordinates: 35°57′N 68°42′E / 35.950°N 68.700°E / 35.950; 68.700
CountryAfghanistan
ProvinceBaghlan Province
DistrictPuli Khumri District
Elevation
635 m (2,083 ft)
Population
 (2007)
 • City58,300
 • Urban
221,274[1]
Time zoneUTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Standard Time)
ControlAfghanistan Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
WebsiteRd

HistoryEdit

As of 2017, Taliban insurgents are active in the Dand-e-Shahabuddin part of Puli Khumri.[7] On 5 May 2019, Taliban members stormed the city's police headquarters, killing 13 police.[8] On 1 September 2019, Taliban assaulted the city,[9] but were repelled by the Afghan Army. On 16 January 2021, the district's NDS chief Fazal Wakilzada was killed in a Taliban attack.[10]

On 10 August 2021, Puli Khumri became the eighth provincial capital to be captured by the Taliban as part of their nationwide military offensive.[11][12]

ClimateEdit

With an influence from the local steppe climate, Puli Khumri features a cold semi-arid climate (BSk) under the Köppen climate classification. The average temperature in Puli Khumri is 15.9 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 282 mm.

July is the hottest month of the year with an average temperature of 28.5 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of 3.0 °C.

Climate data for Pul-e-Khumri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
10.9
(51.6)
16.2
(61.2)
21.8
(71.2)
28.7
(83.7)
35.3
(95.5)
37.1
(98.8)
35.9
(96.6)
31.6
(88.9)
24.8
(76.6)
15.7
(60.3)
9.6
(49.3)
23.0
(73.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
5.7
(42.3)
10.7
(51.3)
16.0
(60.8)
21.3
(70.3)
26.5
(79.7)
28.5
(83.3)
27.0
(80.6)
22.5
(72.5)
16.5
(61.7)
9.1
(48.4)
4.2
(39.6)
15.9
(60.7)
Average low °C (°F) −2.2
(28.0)
0.6
(33.1)
5.3
(41.5)
10.2
(50.4)
14.0
(57.2)
17.8
(64.0)
19.9
(67.8)
18.1
(64.6)
13.4
(56.1)
8.2
(46.8)
2.5
(36.5)
−1.1
(30.0)
8.9
(48.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31
(1.2)
43
(1.7)
63
(2.5)
65
(2.6)
27
(1.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
8
(0.3)
20
(0.8)
25
(1.0)
282
(11.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[13]

Land useEdit

 
Men working on a scaffold, c. 1939

Puli Khumri is a trading and transit hub in the region, and the second-largest city in northeastern Afghanistan after Kunduz.[14] Agricultural lands account for the largest land use in Puli Khumri (65%), with the majority of that land in Districts 3, 5 and 6.[15] Districts 1 and 2 have the highest dwelling densities but District 5 is home to the most dwelling units.[16] Puli Khumri has a diverse housing stock consisting of regular, irregular and hillside houses as well as apartment buildings.[17]

EconomyEdit

There are two dams in Puli Khumri, which provide the necessary electricity.

Afghanistan's first cement factory was built in 1954 in Puli Khumri with financial support from Czechoslovakia. It is currently owned and operated by Afghan Invest Co., and operated by Ahmad Javid Jaihoon.[18] The limestone is mined from the hill behind the factory.[19]

There is a coal mine outside of the city in the village Kar-kar, but the production system is archaic.

Agriculture is very important because of the rain and temperature; wheat and rice are the main crops.

Provincial Reconstruction TeamEdit

Hungary headed a Provincial Reconstruction Team in the city until March 2013.[20]

Electrical transmission lines built from Puli Khumri are now bringing a steady supply of electricity to Kabul.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  2. ^ Dupree, Nancy Hatch (1977) [1st Edition: 1970]. An Historical Guide to Afghanistan (2nd Edition, Revised and fEnlarged ed.). Afghan Tourist Organization.
  3. ^ https://gulfnews.com/uae/northern-revolt-quelled-1.432642
  4. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  5. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report (2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  6. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Pul-e-Khumri Residents Speak Out About Ongoing Battles".
  8. ^ https://wtop.com/asia/2019/05/afghan-officials-taliban-launch-complex-attack-on-police/
  9. ^ https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/taliban-attacks-afghan-city-talks-wrap-190901051603411.html
  10. ^ "NDS district chief Fazal Wakilzada and his bodyguard were killed in today's IED blast in Pul-e-Khumri, Baghlan Pol-e-Khomri, Baghlan". Afghanistan news map - security alerts from Afghanistan - afghanistan.liveuamap.com. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  11. ^ Makoii, Akhtar Mohammad; Beaumont, Peter (10 August 2021). "Taliban fighters capture Afghan city at strategic junction north of Kabul". The Guardian.
  12. ^ "Taliban seizes eighth provincial capital, Pul-e-Khumri in Baghlan". Al Jazeera English. 10 August 2021.
  13. ^ "Climate: Pul-e-Khumri - Climate-Data.org". Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  14. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  15. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  16. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  17. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  18. ^ http://www.afghancement.af
  19. ^ Magyar, Honvedseg (2010). "Baghlan taromány CIMIC kézikönyve" (PDF). Magyar Honvédség ÖHP. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 December 2013.
  20. ^ McMahon, Robert (20 October 2005). "Afghanistan: PRTs Spreading, Though Impact Remains Unclear". Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty. Retrieved 19 December 2007.