Puerto Rico Government Development Bank
The Government Development Bank for Puerto Rico (GDB) —Spanish: Banco Gubernamental de Fomento para Puerto Rico (BGF)— is the government bond issuer, intragovernmental bank, fiscal agent, and financial advisor of the government of Puerto Rico. The bank, along with its subsidiaries and affiliates, serves as the principal entity through which Puerto Rico channels its issuance of bonds. As an overview, the different executive agencies of the government of Puerto Rico and its government-owned corporations either issue bonds with the bank as a proxy, or owe debt to the bank itself (as the bank is a government-owned corporation as well).
|Headquarters||San Juan, Puerto Rico|
|Established||September 23, 1948|
|Preceded by||Development Bank|
|Authority for the Financing of the Infrastructure of Puerto Rico||AFI||affiliate||infrastructure|
|Children's Trust Frund||CTF||affiliate||childhood improvements|
|Industrial, Tourist, Educational, Medical, and Environmental Control Facilities Authority||AFICA||affiliate||multiple sectors|
|Housing Finance Authority||PRHFA||subsidiary||housing subsidies and incentives|
|José M. Berrocal Institute for Economics and Finance||Berrocal Institute||subsidiary||internships|
|Municipal Financing Agency||MFA||affiliate||municipalities|
|Municipal Financing Corporation||COFIM||affiliate||municipal tax|
|Public Financing Corporation||PFC||subsidiary||general obligation bonds (executive agencies/central government)|
|Public-Private Partnerships Authority||PPPA||affiliate||public-private partnerships|
|Sales Tax Financing Corporation||COFINA||affiliate||sales tax (IVU/SUT)|
|Tourism Development Fund||TDF||affiliate||tourism and hotel industry|
The Bank was the brainchild of Governor Rexford Guy Tugwell, who signed Law 253 of May 13, 1942, creating the institution in charge of economic development for the Government of Puerto Rico. A subsequent law in 1945 expanded its responsibilities to include serving as the fiscal agent for, and financial advisor of, the government of Puerto Rico. The highly centralized government structure set up by Tugwell, one of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's Brain Trusters required such a fiscal agent, contrary to the model followed by most states, in which each agency and political subdivision is responsible for issuing its own bonds.
During its formative years, the GDB helped financially structure the Puerto Rico Water Resources Authority, the new publicly owned electric company that generated much of its power from a hydroelectric system. During its first decade, GDB financed infrastructure development, particularly the development of low-cost housing.
Between 1951 and 1965, the GDB issued over $1 billion in bonds to finance the islands' infrastructure, contributing to Puerto Rico's economic growth. It also spurred the growth of the private sector, financing Puerto Rico's first condominium and several of its first shopping centers built in 1956, when private banks were reticent in assuming such ground-breaking risks.
During former Gov. Pedro Rosselló's administration, and under Marcos Rodríguez Ema's presidency, the GDB established, financed and gave to the people of Puerto Rico the new Puerto Rico Museum of Art, which, within years, has become the island's second-best[neutrality is disputed] art museum, after the Ponce Museum of Art founded by Luis A. Ferré, a philanthropist and former Governor.
The GDB is in the process of winding down its operations in an orderly fashion under Title VI of the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act, Publ. Law 114-187 of June 30, 2016 (PROMESA).
- 1942–1953: Rafael Buscaglia
- 1953–1957: Guillermo Rodríguez Benítez
- 1958–1964: Rafael Picó
- 1965–1969: Juan Labadie
- 1970–1973: Roger Wall
- 1973–1975: Juan Albors
- 1975–1975: Guillermo Rodríguez Benítez
- 1975–1976: Alfredo Salazar, Jr.
- 1977–1978: Mariano Mier
- 1978–1985: Julio Pietrantoni Blasini
- 1985–1986: José Ramón Oyola
- 1986–1989: José Ramón González
- 1988–1991: Ramón Cantero Frau
- 1991–1992: José Berrocal
- 1993–1998: Marcos Rodríguez Ema
- 1998–2000: Lourdes Rovira
- 2001–2002: Juan Agosto Alicea
- 2002–2003: Hector Méndez
- 2003–2004: Antonio Faría Soto
- 2005–2005: William Lockwood Benet
- 2005–2007: Alfredo Salazar, Jr.
- 2007–2008: Jorge Irizarry Herrans
- 2009–2011: Carlos M. García
- 2011–2012: Juan Carlos Batlle
- 2013–2013: Javier Ferrer
- 2013–2014: José Pagán Beauchamp (interim)
- 2014–2016: Melba Acosta Febo
- 2016–2016: Alberto Bacó Bagué
- 2017–: Christian Sobrino Vega