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PSPO warning sign in Knightsbridge, London

A public space protection order (PSPO) is an order which bans specific acts in a designated geographical area in the United Kingdom as set out in the Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014. It replaces the earlier Designated Public Place Orders, Gating Orders and Dog Control Orders.[1]

PSPOs are intended to prevent specific acts which would not otherwise be criminal offences. They have been criticised as restricting freedoms and having a disproportionately severe effect on people below the poverty line.[2] As of December 2017, there were 388 active PSPOs in Wales alone.[3]

Research by The Manifesto Club found a 420% increase in PSPO fines from 2016 to 2018. In 2018 there were 9,930 fines issued, 60% of which were from four councils: Peterborough, Bedford, Hillingdon and Waltham Forest. These four councils use private contractors to issue the fines.[4]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Public Space Protection Order - What you need to know" (PDF). Bristol City Council. June 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  2. ^ Garrett, Bradley (2015-09-08). "PSPOs: the new control orders threatening our public spaces". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  3. ^ Wells, Ione (2017-12-09). "Public space orders "make innocent behaviour offences"". BBC. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  4. ^ "Huge increase in Public Spaces Protection Order fines". BBC News. 19 April 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Public anger mounts over Hackney Council's controversial PSPO". Hackney Citizen. 2015-06-02. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  6. ^ "Newport rough sleeping ban rejected". BBC. 2015-11-25. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  7. ^ "Salford Council tries to outlaw swearing at the Quays". ITV News. 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  8. ^ O'Connor, Roisin (2016-03-03). "Greater Manchester Council ridiculed for Salford Quays swearing ban". The Independent. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  9. ^ Sharma, Sadhvi (2016-03-04). "A swearing ban? Piss off". Spiked Online. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  10. ^ Public Spaces Protection Order for Knightsbridge
  11. ^ Lamy, Joel (27 October 2017). "CLAMPDOWN: Thousands of fines for littering, spitting and cycling on Bridge Street in Peterborough". Retrieved 2018-04-13.