Public Health Service Act

The Public Health Service Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1944.[2] The full act is codified in Title 42 of the United States Code (The Public Health and Welfare), Chapter 6A (Public Health Service).[3] This Act provided a legislative basis for the provision of public health services in the United States.

Public Health Service Act
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to consolidate and revise the laws relating to the Public Health Service, and for other purposes.
Enacted bythe 78th United States Congress
EffectiveJuly 1, 1944
Public lawPub. L.Tooltip Public Law (United States) 78–410
Statutes at Large58 Stat. 682, Chapter 373
Titles amended42 U.S.C.: Public Health and Social Welfare
U.S.C. sections created42 U.S.C. ch. 6A § 201 et seq.
Legislative history
Major amendments
Family Planning Services and Population Research Act of 1970
National Cancer Act of 1971
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
Muscular Dystrophy Community Assistance Research and Education Amendments of 2001
Hematological Cancer Research Investment and Education Act of 2001[1]
Newborn Screening Saves Lives Act of 2007
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010
Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Reauthorization Act of 2013

Contents edit

The Public Health Service Act clearly established the federal government's quarantine authority for the first time. It gave the United States Public Health Service responsibility for preventing the introduction, transmission and spread of communicable diseases from foreign countries into the United States.[4]

The Public Health Service Act granted the original authority for scientists and special consultants to be appointed "without regard to the civil-service laws", known as a Title 42 appointment.[5]

During COVID-19 pandemic, section 42 U.S.C. § 265 has been used for Title 42 expulsion.

Amendments edit

It has since been amended many times. Some of these amendments are:

Proposed amendments edit

Other attempted amendments to the act have been proposed but failed:

Commentary edit

Since the passage of the Act, health services in the US subsequently have been marked by a history of underinvestment that has undermined the public health workforce and support for population health.[12]

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Hematological Cancer Research Investment and Education Act of 2001" Archived 2009-06-26 at the Wayback Machine OLPA Legislative Updates
  2. ^ Roosevelt, Franklin D. (July 1, 1944). "Statement of the President on Signing the Public Health Service Act - July 1, 1944". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. pp. 191–193.
  3. ^ "Public Health Service Act". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 29 July 2007.
  4. ^ History of Quarantine at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention site. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  5. ^ "Pay for Consultants and Scientists Appointed under Title 42". U.S. Government Accountability Office. B-323357. 2012-07-12. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  6. ^ US Office of Population Affairs - Legislation Archived 2008-09-20 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "OPA: PUBLIC LAW 91-572-DEC. 24, 1970".
  8. ^ Bucshon, Larry (3 February 2017). "H.R.708 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): State Age Rating Flexibility Act of 2017".
  9. ^ "H.R. 235 -". United States Congress. 13 February 2013. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
  10. ^ "H.R. 297 - text". United States Congress. 7 February 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  11. ^ "S. 2154 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 11 September 2014.
  12. ^ Leider, Jonathon P.; Yeager, Valerie A.; Kirkland, Chelsey; Krasna, Heather; Hare Bork, Rachel; Resnick, Beth (1 April 2023). "The State of the US Public Health Workforce: Ongoing Challenges and Future Directions". Annual Review of Public Health. 44 (1): annurev–publhealth–071421-032830. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-071421-032830. ISSN 0163-7525. Retrieved 14 March 2023.

External links edit