Pterocarpus officinalis

Pterocarpus officinalis, the dragonsblood tree, is a species of flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to southern Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and northern South America.[1][2] It is typically found in coastal freshwater or slightly brackish habitats, in association with mangroves that occupy the more saline areas.[3] Its timber is commercially traded.[4]

Pterocarpus officinalis
Pterocarpus officinalis-81c.jpg
Stand, with leaves visible on younger specimens
Muhut 03.jpg
Wound showing "dragon's blood" sap
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Genus: Pterocarpus
P. officinalis
Binomial name
Pterocarpus officinalis
    • Lingoum officinale (Jacq.) Kuntze
    • Moutouchi crispata (DC.) Benth.
    • Moutouchi draco (L.) Benth.
    • Moutouchi suberosa Aubl.
    • Pterocarpus crispatus DC.
    • Pterocarpus draco L.
    • Pterocarpus hemipterus Gaertn.
    • Pterocarpus moutouchi Lam.
    • Pterocarpus sanguis-draconis Crantz
    • Pterocarpus suberosus (Aubl.) Pers.


  1. ^ a b "Pterocarpus officinalis Jacq". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  2. ^ GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. "Pterocarpus officinalis Jacq". GBIF Secretariat. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  3. ^ Migeot, Jonathan; Imbert, Daniel (2012). "Phenology and production of litter in a Pterocarpus officinalis (Jacq.) swamp forest of Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles)". Aquatic Botany. 101: 18–27. doi:10.1016/j.aquabot.2012.03.012.
  4. ^ Mark, Jennifer; Newton, Adrian C.; Oldfield, Sara; Rivers, Malin (November 2014). "The International Timber Trade: A Working List of Commercial Timber Tree Species" (PDF). Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Retrieved 6 January 2022.