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Provinces are constituent political entities of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe currently has ten provinces, two of which are cities with provincial status. Zimbabwe is a unitary state, and its provinces exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. Provinces are divided into districts, which are divided into wards.

Provinces of Zimbabwe
Administrative Divisions of Zimbabwe.svg
CategoryUnitary state
LocationRepublic of Zimbabwe
Number10 Provinces
Populations1,200,337 (Bulawayo) – 2,123,132 (Harare Province)
Areas1,710 km2 (659 sq mi) (Bulawayo) - 28,967 sq mi (75,025 km2) ( Matabeleland North)
GovernmentProvincal government, National government

The Constitution of Zimbabwe delineates provincial governance and powers. After constitutional amendments in 1988, provinces were administered by a governor directly appointed by the President of Zimbabwe.[1] Since the 2013 constitutional changes, there are technically no longer provincial governors, though in practice they remain in place as Ministers of State for Provincial Affairs. The 2013 Constitution also calls for the devolution of governmental powers and responsibilities where appropriate, though Zimbabwean opposition parties argue that the central government has yet to comply.[2]

With the establishment of Company rule in Rhodesia in the 1890s, the country was divided into two provinces: Matabeleland in the west and Mashonaland in the east. Under British colonial rule as Southern Rhodesia, the colony was divided into five provinces. Later, the Rhodesian government expanded the number of provinces to seven: Manicaland, Matabeleland North and South, Mashonaland North and South, Midlands, and Victoria (today Masvingo).[3] In the 1980s, Mashonaland North and South became three provinces, and the capital, Harare, was made a province. The youngest province, Bulawayo, was split from Matabeleland North in 1997.


Provinces of Zimbabwe
Name Towns and cities Established Population (2012) Total area[4] Location
Capital Largest km2 mi2
Bulawayo Bulawayo 1997 1,205,000 900 347  
Harare Harare 1997 2,123,132 872 337  
Manicaland Mutare ? 1,752,698 36,459 14,077  
Mashonaland Central Bindura 1983 1,152,520 28,347 10,945  
Mashonaland East Marondera 1983 1,344,955 32,230 12,444  
Mashonaland West Chinhoyi Kadoma 1983 1,501,656 57,441 22,178  
Masvingo Masvingo ? 1,485,090 56,566 21,840  
Matabeleland North Lupane Victoria Falls 1973 749,017 75,025 28,967  
Matabeleland South Gwanda Beitbridge 1973 683,893 54,172 20,916  
Midlands Gweru ? 1,614,941 49,166 18,983  

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


  1. ^ Bridger, Peter Anthony (1973). Encyclopaedia Rhodesia. College Press.
  2. ^ Kandemiiri, Jonga (2016-03-01). "MDC-T Urges Zimbabwe to Devolve Power to Provinces". VOA. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  3. ^ Passmore, Gloria C. (1972). The National Policy of Community Development in Rhodesia. Department of Political Science, University of Rhodesia. p. 163.
  4. ^ Zimbabwe at GeoHive