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Marondera (known as Marandellas until 1982) is a city in Mashonaland East, Zimbabwe, located about 72 km east of Harare.

Marondera
City
Official seal of Marondera
Seal
Motto(s): 
  • Floreat Marondera
  • (May Marondera Flourish)
Marondera is located in Zimbabwe
Marondera
Marondera
Coordinates: 18°11′23″S 31°32′48″E / 18.18972°S 31.54667°E / -18.18972; 31.54667Coordinates: 18°11′23″S 31°32′48″E / 18.18972°S 31.54667°E / -18.18972; 31.54667
Country Zimbabwe
ProvinceMashonaland East
DistrictMarondera
Village1913
Town1943
City1982
Government
Elevation
1,688 m (5,538 ft)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total68,017
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
ClimateCwb
Websitewww.maronderardc.org.zw

HistoryEdit

It was first known as Marandella's Kraal, corrupted from Marondera, chief of the ruling VaRozvi people who lived in the area. British colonialist as they were colonizing Zimbabwe, first used it as a rest stop on the way to Harare. Later destroyed in the Shona resistance of 1896, the town was moved 4 miles (6 km) north to the Salisbury-Beira railway line.

Constituted a village in 1913, it became a town in 1943. During the South African (Boer) War it was used by the British as a staging point for military operations into the Transvaal, and in World War II it was a refuge for displaced Poles.

DemographicsEdit

The indigenous population is mostly Shona.

EducationEdit

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Marondera (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
24.2
(75.6)
24.2
(75.6)
22.9
(73.2)
21.5
(70.7)
19.3
(66.7)
19.2
(66.6)
22.0
(71.6)
25.5
(77.9)
26.0
(78.8)
25.8
(78.4)
24.3
(75.7)
23.3
(73.9)
Average low °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
14.7
(58.5)
13.8
(56.8)
11.5
(52.7)
8.9
(48.0)
6.1
(43.0)
5.9
(42.6)
7.3
(45.1)
10.5
(50.9)
12.5
(54.5)
13.8
(56.8)
14.5
(58.1)
11.2
(52.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 193.4
(7.61)
149.1
(5.87)
90.3
(3.56)
48.7
(1.92)
10.1
(0.40)
5.4
(0.21)
3.0
(0.12)
3.0
(0.12)
6.8
(0.27)
40.3
(1.59)
113.1
(4.45)
187.7
(7.39)
850.9
(33.50)
Average rainy days 14 12 9 5 2 1 1 1 1 5 10 15 76
Source: World Meteorological Organization[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "World Weather Information Service – Marondera". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 13 May 2016.