Province of 16 Szepes Towns

The Province of 16 Szepes Towns[a] was a seat, an autonomous administrative division, within Szepes County, located in the Kingdom of Hungary, and later in Austria-Hungary. Its capital was Spišská Nová Ves.[1][2][3]

Province of 16 Szepes Towns
Seat of Szepes County
1778–1785
1791–1876
CapitalSpišská Nová Ves
History
History 
5 June 1778
• Disestablishment during the Josephine reforms
1 November 1785
• Reestablishment and the abolition of the Josephine reforms
October 1791
• Transformation into the Government Commissariat
1749
• Formation of the Austria-Hungary
30 March 1867
• Disestablishment of the autonomy
1876
Contained within
 • Country Kingdom of Hungary (1778–1785, 1791–1867)
Austria-Hungary (1867–1876)
 • CountySzepes County
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Province of 13 Szepes Towns
Dominion of Lubowla
Szepes County

It existed from 1778 to 1785, and from 1791 to 1876. It was established on 5 June 1778, with the unification of the Province of 13 Szepes Towns and the Dominion of Lubowla into one entity. The territory was disestablished on 1 November 1785, with its lands being directly administrated by Szepes County until October 1791, when it was reestablished. It existed until 1876, when it was again disestablished, being given under direct administration of Szepes County.[1][2][3]

HistoryEdit

On 5 June 1778, Maria Theresa, Queen of Hungary, had confirmed old privileges of the towns of the Province of 13 Szepes Towns, and re-established their autonomy. It was unified with the Dominion of Lubowla, forming the Province of 16 Szepes Towns, with Spišská Nová Ves as its capital.[1][2][3]

The province was disestablished on 1 November 1785, in the effect of the Josephine reforms, done under the rule of Joseph II. The towns lost their autonomy and were given back under the direct administration of Szepes County. It was reestablished back in October 1791, after the reforms were abolished.[1][2][3]

In 1849, the Provincial Count was appointed as the Government Commissioner, de jure, turning the province into the Government Commissariat of 16 Towns. It got disestablished in 1876, during the period of Bach's absolutism. The towns lost their autonomy and were given back under the direct administration of Szepes County.[1][2][3]

TownsEdit

CitationsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^
    • Hungarian: XVI. Szepesi Városok Provinciájába
    • German: Provinz der 16 Zipser Städte
    • Slovakian: Provincia 16 spišských miest
    • Latin: Provincia XVI oppidorum terrae Scepusiensis

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Zuzanna Krempaská, Sixteen Scepus Towns from 1412 to 1876.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Provincia 16 spišských miest" in Vladimír Hajko (editor): Encyklopédia Slovenska: súhrn poznatkov o minulosti a prítomnosti Slovenska, vol. 4, N-Q. Bratislava: Veda, 1980. p. 569.
  3. ^ a b c d e Ružena Kormošová: SÍDLO PROVINCIE XVI SPIŠSKÝCH MIEST (1778-1876)

BibliographyEdit

  • Zuzanna Krempaská, Sixteen Scepus Towns from 1412 to 1876. Spišska Nova Vés, Spiš Museum. ISBN 9788085173062.
  • Vladimír Hajko (editor): Encyklopédia Slovenska: súhrn poznatkov o minulosti a prítomnosti Slovenska, vol. 4, N-Q. Bratislava: Veda, 1980. p. 569.