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Protected areas of South Africa

The protected areas of South Africa include national parks and marine protected areas managed by the national government, public nature reserves managed by provincial and local governments, and private nature reserves managed by private landowners. Most protected areas are intended for the conservation of flora and fauna. National parks are maintained by South African National Parks (SANParks).[1] A number of national parks have been incorporated in transfrontier conservation areas.

Protected areas may also be protected for their value and importance as historical, cultural heritage or scientific sites. More information on these can be found in the list of heritage sites in South Africa.


Special Nature ReservesEdit

Special nature reserves are highly protected areas from which all people and human activities are excluded, except for conservation and scientific research. The Prince Edward Islands, which are South African territories in the Southern Ocean, have been declared as a special nature reserve.[2][3]

National ParksEdit

Transfrontier conservation areasEdit

South Africa is involved in the following transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs), also known as "peace parks".

The Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation Area, involving South Africa, Mozambique and Swaziland, is planned to be formed from the iSimangaliso Wetland Park and the Nsubane Pongola, Songimvelo-Malolotja and Usuthu-Tembe-Futi TFCAs.

Marine Protected AreasEdit

World Heritage SitesEdit

World heritage site in South Africa are protected by the World Heritage Convention Act (Act 49 of 1999). These include:

Botanical GardensEdit

Eastern CapeEdit

National Parks situated in the Eastern CapeEdit

Mega Parks in the making, predominantly in the Eastern CapeEdit

Parks Managed by Eastern Cape ParksEdit

Natural Heritage SitesEdit

Private and Other ParksEdit

Forest ReservesEdit

Free StateEdit



Ezemvelo KZN WildlifeEdit

New name of the Peace Park is: iSimangaliso Wetland Park

Private and Other ParksEdit

Natural Heritage SitesEdit


National ParksEdit

Provincial ParksEdit

Private and Other ParksEdit


Northern CapeEdit

North WestEdit

Western CapeEdit

National ParksEdit

Provincial ParksEdit

West CoastEdit



Cape KarooEdit

Garden Route and Little KarooEdit

Private and other ReservesEdit


Natural Heritage SitesEdit

Mountain Catchment AreasEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Biodiversity & ecosystems". Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (South Africa). Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  2. ^ Cooper, John (June 2006). "ANTARCTICA AND ISLANDS – Background Research Paper produced for the South Africa Environment Outlook report on behalf of the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism" (PDF). p. 6. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  3. ^ 1993 United Nations list of national parks and protected areas. World Conservation Monitoring Centre, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Commission on Natural Parks and Protected Areas, United Nations Environment Programme. 1993. p. 173. ISBN 2-8317-0190-2. 
  4. ^ "SANParks – South African National Parks (A-Z)". South African National Parks. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  5. ^

External linksEdit