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Assegaaibosch Nature Reserve

Assegaaibosch Nature Reserve is an historic estate and currently a CapeNature nature reserve and World Heritage Site[1] situated in the Jonkershoek Valley near Stellenbosch in the Western Cape province of South Africa. The historic estate was established by Dirk Coetsee, the progenitor of the Coetsee family in South Africa.

Assegaaibosch Nature Reserve
2014-04-26-13h25m29.jpg
The trout hatchery in Assegaaibosch
Map showing the location of Assegaaibosch Nature Reserve
Map showing the location of Assegaaibosch Nature Reserve
Location Western Cape, South Africa
Nearest city Stellenbosch
Coordinates 33°58′0″S 18°55′30″E / 33.96667°S 18.92500°E / -33.96667; 18.92500Coordinates: 33°58′0″S 18°55′30″E / 33.96667°S 18.92500°E / -33.96667; 18.92500
Area 204 ha (500 acres)
Governing body CapeNature
www.capenature.co.za/reserves/assegaaibosch-nature-reserve/

Contents

LocationEdit

Assegaaibosch is located on the north-eastern slopes of the Stellenbosch Mountain, which forms its southern boundary, in the Jonkershoek Valley stretching down to the banks of the Eerste River which forms its northern boundary below. It is about nine kilometres from Stellenbosch, and 204 hectares in size.[1]

HistoryEdit

In the early 1680s, Simon van der Stel, the Dutch Governor of the Cape Colony, granted land to white settlers on the banks of the Eerste and Berg Rivers in and around what would become the towns of Stellenbosch and Franschhoek.[2] The settlers were tasked with cultivating crops and raising livestock to supply ships of the Dutch East India Company as they rounded the Cape Peninsula en route to trade in the East Indies.[3] In 1682, Simon van der Stel granted land at the foot of the Stellenbosch Mountain to the captain of the Stellenbosch Infantry, Dirk Coetsee, who established one of the oldest wine estates in South Africa, Coetsenburg, on the land.[4] In the same year, Van Der Stel promised land higher up in the Jonkershoek Valley to Dirk Coetsee. Coetsee named this land Assegaaibosch (due to the abundance of assegaai trees; Assegaaibosch means "Assegai forest") and used it primarily for livestock.[5][6]

Dirk Coetsee later built the Assegaaibosch Manor House, a traditional Cape Dutch-styled house, which is now a national monument.[1] Though the Coetsee family certainly used the farm since the early 1680s, the only record registers the property in 1755 in the name of Dirk’s son, Gerrit Coetsee. Van der Stel also granted two other estates to Coetsee: Uiterwyk (“Outer ward”) in Bottelary in 1699, and Sonquasdrift (from “Sonqua” which means San and drift, also known as Zonquasdrif) in Tulbagh in 1714.[5][6] Over the years, the farm changed hands a number of times. The huge old oak trees were planted by Wouter Eduard Wium, who was granted the land by Lord Charles Somerset in 1806, with the special provision that he plant oaks in the area. In 1893, the land next to Assegaaibosch was used to establish a trout hatchery.

By the early twentieth century, Assegaaibosch had become quite run down. In 1960, the Cape Provincial Administration purchased Assegaaibosch, and the house was renovated. It is now a national monument and is used as a guest house.

The sturdy stone trout-hatching house also still stands today, although trout is no longer bred here, as it is an exotic species. CapeNature[7][8] uses the property as a conservation station. The original hatching house is a national monument.

Past Owners of AssegaaiboschEdit

  • 1682: Dirk Coetsee
  • 1755: Gerrit Coetsee (sub-divided with Pieter Vion)
  • 1755: Pieter Vion (van Gert)
  • 1772: Eduard Wium
  • 1777: Hendrik Christian van Coller
  • 1782: Paulus Johannes Fick
  • 1788: Tobias Vermey
  • 1791: Albertus Bernhardus van Niekerk
  • 1792: Paulus Johannes Hartog and Lambert Hendrik Fick
  • 1806: Jan Hendrik Ackerman
  • 1806: Wouter Eduard Wium
  • 1844: Willem Johannes Wium
  • 1856: Adolph Samuel Lindenberg
  • 1871: Paul Pieter Neethling
  • 1874: Andries Chistoffel van der Byl-Cloete
  • 1960: Cape Provincial Administration.[5][6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Assegaaibosch Nature Reserve". Cape Nature. Retrieved 2017-07-26. 
  2. ^ "Simon van der Stel | South African History Online". Sahistory.org.za. Retrieved 2017-07-26. 
  3. ^ "The Dutch Settlement | South African History Online". Sahistory.org.za. 2011-06-30. Retrieved 2017-07-26. 
  4. ^ "COETZEE Dirk - South Africa's Stamouers". Stamouers.com. Retrieved 2017-07-26. 
  5. ^ a b c "Jonkershoek" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-07-26. 
  6. ^ a b c "Deel II Die Eienaars Van Plase In Die Distrik Stellenbosch 1680–1860" (PDF). digital.lib.sun.ac.za. Retrieved 1 August 2017. 
  7. ^ "CapeNature - Conserve. Explore. Experience". CapeNature. Retrieved 2017-08-01. 
  8. ^ http://www.capenature.co.za/reserves/assegaaibosch-nature-reserve/