Print disability

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A print-disabled person is "a person who cannot effectively read print because of a visual, physical, perceptual, developmental, cognitive, or learning disability".[1] A print disability prevents a person from gaining information from printed material in the standard way, and requires them to utilize alternative methods to access that information. Print disabilities include visual impairments, learning disabilities, or physical disabilities that impede the ability to manipulate a book.[2] The term was coined by George Kerscher, a pioneer in digital talking books.[3] DAISY is used by libraries as a means of making complex books accessible via audio.[4]

A conference organised by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in Marrakesh, Morocco, in June 2013 adopted a special treaty called "A Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works by Visually Impaired Persons and Persons with Print Disabilities" (briefly Marrakesh VIP Treaty).[5][6]

The Marrakesh Treaty represents an important change in how law makers balance the demands of copyright owners against the interests of people with disabilities in particular, and a potential point of inflection in global copyright politics more generally.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The definition of "print disabled"?". Reading Rights Coalition. Archived from the original on 24 October 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "What is a print disability?". Learning Ally. Retrieved 25 October 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Deborah Kendrick. "George Kerscher: A Pioneer in Digital Talking Books Still Forging Ahead". AFB AccessWorld Magazine. Retrieved 25 October 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "DAISY/Print Disabled Books on Open Library | Open Library". openlibrary.org. Retrieved 2020-11-28.
  5. ^ "Diplomatic Conference to Conclude a Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works by Visually Impaired Persons and Persons with Print Disabilities" (PDF). WIPO. Retrieved 25 October 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "Diplomatic Conference to Conclude a Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works by Visually Impaired Persons and Persons with Print Disabilities". WIPO. Retrieved 25 October 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)