Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau

Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau (Wilhelmine Carolina; 28 February 1743 – 6 May 1787)[1] was a Dutch regent. She was the daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the Netherlands, and Anne, Princess Royal. She was regent of the Netherlands from 1765 until 1766 during the minority of her brother.

Princess Carolina
Portrait of Carolina van Oranje-Nassau, PF de la Croix.jpg
Princess consort of Nassau-Weilburg
Tenure5 March 1760 - 6 May 1787
Born(1743-02-28)28 February 1743
Died6 May 1787(1787-05-06) (aged 44)
SpouseCharles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Georg Wilhelm, Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Wilhelm Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Princess Maria
Wilhelmine Luise, Princess Reuss of Greiz
Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Karoline, Princess of Wied-Runkel
Prince Karl Ludwig
Prince Karl Wilhelm
Amalie, Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Henriette, Duchess Louis of Württemberg
Prince Karl
FatherWilliam IV, Prince of Orange
MotherAnne, Princess Royal
ReligionDutch Reformed


Princess Carolina was born in Leeuwarden,[1] the eldest daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the Netherlands, and Anne, Princess Royal. In 1747, it was declared that the position of stadtholder could be inherited by females, thus making the young Princess Carolina the heir presumptive to the position of stadtholder. However, in 1748, a male heir, William, was born to her parents, thus displacing her and putting her second in line to the position.

Princess Carolina's father died in 1751, making her three-year-old brother William V of Orange. At that point, her mother was appointed regent. However, in 1759, her mother died, and William V was still just ten years old. Then, Princess Carolina's paternal grandmother, Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel, was made regent. Marie Louise was regent until 1765, when she died. William V was now seventeen, but that was still not old enough to rule on his own. So, Princess Carolina was made regent. She ruled until 1766, when William V turned eighteen.

She died 6 May 1787 in Kirchheimbolanden, aged 44.[2]

Marriage and childrenEdit

On 5 March 1760 in The Hague, during the regency of her grandmother Dowager Princess Marie Luise, Princess Carolina married Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg. She's the only grandchild of George II of Great Britain who was married in his lifetime.[1] They had fifteen children, seven of whom survived to adulthood:



  1. ^ a b c Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (ed.) (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World, 1st edition. London: Burke's Peerage. p. 240. ISBN 0-85011-023-8. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Bloks, Moniek (2019-01-25). Carolina of Orange-Nassau : ancestress of the royal houses of Europe. Winchester, UK. ISBN 9781785359156. OCLC 1085181371.
  3. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 88.

External linksEdit