Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau
Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau (Wilhelmine Carolina; 28 February 1743 – 6 May 1787) was a Dutch regent. She was the daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the Netherlands, and Anne, Princess Royal. She was regent of the Netherlands from 1765 until 1766 during the minority of her brother.
|Princess consort of Nassau-Weilburg|
|Tenure||5 March 1760 - 6 May 1787|
|Born||28 February 1743|
|Died||6 May 1787 (aged 44)|
|Spouse||Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg|
|Georg Wilhelm, Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg|
Wilhelm Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Wilhelmine Luise, Princess Reuss of Greiz
Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Karoline, Princess of Wied-Runkel
Prince Karl Ludwig
Prince Karl Wilhelm
Amalie, Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Henriette, Duchess Louis of Württemberg
|Father||William IV, Prince of Orange|
|Mother||Anne, Princess Royal|
Princess Carolina was born in Leeuwarden, the eldest daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the Netherlands, and Anne, Princess Royal. In 1747, it was declared that the position of stadtholder could be inherited by females, thus making the young Princess Carolina the heir presumptive to the position of stadtholder. However, in 1748, a male heir, William, was born to her parents, thus displacing her and putting her second in line to the position.
Princess Carolina's father died in 1751, making her three-year-old brother William V of Orange. At that point, her mother was appointed regent. However, in 1759, her mother died, and William V was still just ten years old. Then, Princess Carolina's paternal grandmother, Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel, was made regent. Marie Louise was regent until 1765, when she died. William V was now seventeen, but that was still not old enough to rule on his own. So, Princess Carolina was made regent. She ruled until 1766, when William V turned eighteen.
Marriage and childrenEdit
On 5 March 1760 in The Hague, during the regency of her grandmother Dowager Princess Marie Luise, Princess Carolina married Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg. She's the only grandchild of George II of Great Britain who was married in his lifetime. They had fifteen children, seven of whom survived to adulthood:
- Georg Wilhelm, Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (The Hague, 18 December 1760 – Honselaarsdijk, 27 May 1762)
- Wilhelm Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (The Hague, 12 December 1761 – Kirchheim, 16 April/26 April 1770)
- Princess Maria of Nassau-Weilburg (The Hague, 5 February 1764 – Weilburg, 25 January 1802). A nun in Quedlinburg and Herford.
- Princess Wilhelmine Luise of Nassau-Weilburg (The Hague, 28 September 1765 – Greiz, 10 October 1837), married in Kirchheim on 9 January 1786 Heinrich XIII, Prince Reuss of Greiz (Greiz, 16 February 1747 – Greiz, 29 January 1817), and had issue:
- Prince Heinrich XVIII Reuss of Greiz (31 March 1787 – 31 March 1787), the only grandchild of Princess Carolina who was born in her lifetime.
- Heinrich XIX, Prince Reuss of Greiz (1 March 1790 – 31 October 1836), married in 1822 to Princess Gasparine of Rohan-Rochefort, had issue.
- Heinrich XX, Prince Reuss of Greiz (29 June 1794 – 8 November 1859), married firstly in 1834 to Princess Sophie of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, no issue, Princess Sophie died in 1838; Married secondly in 1839 to Landgravine Karoline of Hesse-Homburg, had issue.
- Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (25 October 1768, The Hague – 9 January 1816).
- Princess Karoline of Nassau-Weilburg (Kirchheim, 14 February 1770 – Wiesbaden, 8 July 1828), married in Kirchheim on 4 September 1787 Karl Ludwig, Prince of Wied-Runkel (Dierdorf, 9 September 1763 – Dierdorf, 9 March 1824), without issue
- Prince Karl Ludwig of Nassau-Weilburg (Kirchheim, 19 July 1772 – Kirchheim, 27 July 1772)
- Prince Karl Wilhelm of Nassau-Weilburg (Kirchheim, 1 May 1775 – Weilburg, 11 May 1807), unmarried and without issue
- Princess Amelia of Nassau-Weilburg (Kirchheim, 7 August 1776 – Schaumburg, 19 February 1841), married firstly in Weilburg on 29 October 1793 Victor II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym, and had issue, and married secondly in Schaumburg on 15 February 1813 Friedrich, Baron von Stein-Liebenstein zu Barchfeld (14 February 1777 – 4 December 1849), and had issue
- Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg (22 April 1780 – 2 January 1857). Married Duke Louis of Württemberg, second son of Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg.
- Prince Karl of Nassau-Weilburg (1784 – shortly thereafter)
- Four nameless, stillborn children (1767, 1778, 1779, 1785)
This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (ed.) (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World, 1st edition. London: Burke's Peerage. p. 240. ISBN 0-85011-023-8. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Bloks, Moniek (2019-01-25). Carolina of Orange-Nassau : ancestress of the royal houses of Europe. Winchester, UK. ISBN 9781785359156. OCLC 1085181371.
- Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 88.
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