Kirchheimbolanden, the capital of Donnersbergkreis, is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, south-western Germany. It is situated approximately 25 km west of Worms, and 30 km north-east of Kaiserslautern. The first part of the name, Kirchheim, dates back to 774. It became a town in 1368, and the Sponheim family improved its security with many towers and walls. William, Duke of Nassau, ancestor of the royal families of Belgium, Sweden, Denmark and Norway, and of the grand-ducal family of Luxembourg, was born in Kirchheimbolanden. It was also ruled by First French Empire between 1792 and 1814 before passing to Kingdom of Bavaria in 1815. It was a rural district centre in the Rheinkreis which was renamed Pfalz (Palatinate) in 1835.
Town walls with the Grey Tower
|• Mayor||Klaus Hartmüller (CDU)|
|• Total||26.36 km2 (10.18 sq mi)|
|Elevation||232 m (761 ft)|
|• Density||300/km2 (770/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Kirchheimbolanden lies in the Palatinate at the transition point of the Nordpfälzer Bergland to the Alzeyer Hügelland bordering to the east. The city centre is located about four kilometres (as the crow flies) northeast of Donnersberg on the slope of Wartberg, also known as Schillerhain. The Leiselsbach, a left tributary of the Pfrimm, rises in the urban area. The lowest point lies at 229 m above sea level, the highest at 496 m above sea level.
Kirchheimbolanden is divided into the city centre with the district Haide and the districts Ambach, Bolanderhof, Edenbornerhof, Hessenhütte, Neuhof, Rothenkircherhof and Schillerhain Further places of residence are railway station 2262, Brunnenberg, brickworks Ebert, Kohlhütte and Ziegelhütte.
The annual precipitation is 585 mm. The precipitation lies in the lower quarter of the values recorded in Germany. Lower values are registered at 18 percent of the measuring stations of the German Weather Service. The driest month is February (approx. 38 mm). Most precipitation falls from May to July (approx. 58 mm in June). Lower seasonal fluctuations are registered at only one percent of the measuring stations. MeteoGroup (formerly MeteoMedia) operates a local weather station. The community and the local group Donnersberg of the association Pollichia participated in the financing. The station's data is displayed on an electronic display board in the city centre. They are also included in the weather report, which is presented daily by the company on ARD and SWR3 television programmes. Remarkable is a high value of the annual sunshine duration of 1940 hours measured at this station (average value 2010 to 2017, the long-term average value in Germany is 1595 hours).
Sons and daughters of the cityEdit
Year up to 1900Edit
- Johann II of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1423–1472), nobleman
- Amelia of Nassau-Weilburg (1776–1841), Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg
- Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg (1780–1857), nobleman
- Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau (1792–1839), Duke of Nassau from 1816 to 1839
- Georg von Neumayer (1826–1909), geophysicist and polar explorer, founder and leader of the German naval reserve .
- Eugen Wolf (1850–1912), journalist and researcher
- "Bevölkerungsstand 2018 - Gemeindeebene". Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). 2019.