Prince of Wales Theatre, Cardiff
The theatre was built in 1878 to a Venetian Gothic design by the architects W. D. Bleasley and T. Waring, during a period when Cardiff, then a prosperous coal-exporting port, was rapidly expanding. The building was a prompt replacement of Cardiff's old Theatre Royal in Queen Street (built 1827, which had burnt down in December) doubling the audience capacity to almost 2000, and was opened on 7 October 1878. The main stage was 56 feet wide and 46 feet deep, framed by a proscenium arch 30 feet high, topped with the royal coat of arms. Interior decoration was in gold and white and the building was illuminated after dark using 800 gas lamps.
The theatre was later rebuilt in the Greek Revival style to a design by Willmott & Smith. An additional entrance on St Mary Street was added with two large fluted Doric columns flanking a neoclassical statue of a young woman holding a cup. The interior of the theatre was remodelled in 1920 in the same Greek style. The proscenium arch is flanked by massive Ionic columns carrying a large triangular pediment with an elaborate Grecian bas-relief frieze above.
In 1988 the interior was divided into multiple spaces for a variety of uses, including an amusement arcade and a pub. This largely obscured the original interior. The interior was again altered in 1999, converting the entire space into a pub and partly restoring the 1920 interior.
- 1878–1914 "New Theatre Royal"
- 1914–1920 closed
- 1920–1924 "The Playhouse"
- 1924–1935 closed
- 1935–1957 "The Prince of Wales" (mainly live theatre)
- 1958–1974 Films and limited live theatre. Live shows stopped by 1965, and it became a sex cinema showing pornographic films.
- 1974 planning consent to demolish the building was refused.
- 1984–1987 "Caeser's Nightclub"
- 1988 Converted into an amusement arcade and a pub
- 1999 Re-converted into a pub, partially restoring the interior.
The Welsh National Opera company's opening performance was at the theatre in 1946, when Cavalleria rusticana was performed. The Welsh tenor Robert Tear, then a schoolboy, started his career in this performance.
Several stars appeared in person at the theatre, including:
- Richard Burton
- Noël Coward
- John Gielgud
- Rex Harrison
- Kay Kendall
- Vivien Leigh
- Robert Montgomery
- Laurence Olivier
- Donald Wolfit
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prince of Wales Theatre, Cardiff.|
- "Prince of Wales (Cardiff)". The Theatres Trust. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
- Traynor, Mary (23 Oct 1976). "Long live the Prince of Wales!". Western Mail.
- Cole, Deborah (8 Feb 1988). "Theatre's Last Curtain". Western Mail.
- Newman, John (1995). The Buildings of Wales – Glamorgan. London: Penguin / University of Wales Press. p. 214. ISBN 0 14 071056 6. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
- "Destruction Of The Cardiff Theatre". The Era. 16 December 1877. p. 5 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The New Theatre Royal, Cardiff". Western Mail. 1 October 1878. p. 4 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Lee, Brian (29 May 2015). "Cardiff Remembered: How music halls like the Coliseum and theatres like the Empire were the centre of city life". Wales Online. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- "Former Prince of Wales Theatre, Castle". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
- "Welsh opera companies". BBC.
- Wardle, Irving. "Beaumont, Hughes Griffiths [Hugh; Binkie] (1908–1973)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30802. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)