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Prince Ludwig of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg

Prince Ludwig Karl of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg (German: Ludwig Karl Prinz zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg)[1][2][3] (born 19 July 1864 in Kreuzwertheim, Kingdom of Bavaria;[1][2] died 26 March 1899 in Furageros outside Manila, Philippine Republic[1][2][4]) was a London socialite who became known for his mysterious disappearance, and subsequent reappearance in the Philippines during the Spanish–American War[3][5][6] in which he was killed during fighting between Emilio Aguinaldo-led insurgents and the United States Army at the Battle of Caloocan of the Philippine–American War.[3][4][7] Ludwig was a prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg and a member of the Princely House of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg.[1][2]

Prince Ludwig
Born(1864-07-19)19 July 1864
Kreuzwertheim, Kingdom of Bavaria
Died26 March 1899(1899-03-26) (aged 34)
Furageros, Philippine Republic
Lady Anne Savile (m. 1897)
Full name
Louis Charles
German: Ludwig Karl
FatherWilhelm, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg
MotherCountess Olga of Schönburg-Glauchau
ReligionRoman Catholic



Ludwig was born on 19 July 1864 in Kreuzwertheim, Kingdom of Bavaria and was the eighth child and sixth son of Wilhelm, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg and his first wife, Countess Olga Clara of Schönburg-Glauchau.[1][2]


Ludwig married Lady Anne Savile, daughter of John Savile, 4th Earl of Mexborough, and his second wife. Agnes Louisa Elizabeth Raphael, on 15 May 1897 in London.[1][2][3][6]

Disappearance to the PhilippinesEdit

Spanish–American WarEdit

Ludwig disappeared from London society in 1898 prompting his friends to run an advertisement in London newspapers inquiring about his whereabouts.[3][6] After much speculation, a telegram from Manila published in March 1899 revealed the prince had been in Manila for many months and was present at the destruction of Patricio Montojo's Spanish naval fleet during the Battle of Manila Bay in the Spanish–American War.[3][6] While in Manila, Ludwig was suspected of acting as a "confidential agent" of the German government.[3][6][8] Prior to the surrender of Manila, Ludwig was allegedly permitted to cross in and out of Spanish and insurgent lines, as each side regarded him as friendly.[3][6] Ludwig also allegedly served as "a voluntary aide-de-camp" and interpreter to a General Miller, though he was never connected with the United States Army.[4][6]

Philippine–American WarEdit

Ludwig was among several civilians observing the progress of the Battle of Caloocan, fought between insurgents led by Emilio Aguinaldo and the Oregon Volunteers, soldiers of the United States Army, from a stone bridge over the Malabon River near Furageros on 26 March 1899.[2][3][4][7][9] Ludwig and the other spectators were then warned by an orderly that they were in danger in their current position.[4] The orderly addressed Ludwig directly: "I am speaking to you particularly. You have already given us some trouble by hanging around the firing line, and we will have no more of it."[4] According to fellow civilian spectator C. S. Bradford in The New York Times, Ludwig and a companion left the position and disappeared into the nearby forest which later became the scene of fighting.[4] Oregon Volunteers soldiers were ordered to fire upon the houses in the woods, in one of which was Ludwig.[4] A bullet fired by an Oregonian soldier entered Ludwig's right side, killing him instantly.[4] Bradford and two others took charge of Ludwig's body.[4] A passport found on Ludwig's person was signed by Aguinaldo confirming that he had been granted permission to enter the lines of the insurgents at will.[4] C. S. Bradford recounted these events to The New York Times upon his return from the Philippines to his home in San Francisco, California in May 1899.[4] Ludwig's date of death was also confirmed by the Oregon Volunteers in their official account of the war published in 1902.[10]

Titles, styles, honours and armsEdit

Titles and stylesEdit

  • 19 July 1864 – 26 March 1899: His Serene Highness Prince Ludwig of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg



  1. ^ a b c d e f Lundy, Darryl (10 May 2003). "Ludwig Prinz zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg". Archived from the original on 13 February 2010. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Theroff, Paul. "LÖWENSTEIN". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i The New York Times Staff (27 March 1899), "The Mystery of Loewenstein" (PDF), The New York Times, retrieved 19 August 2010
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l The New York Times Staff (9 May 1899), "Death of Prince Loewenstein" (PDF), The New York Times, retrieved 19 August 2010
  5. ^ Christ Church Cathedral (1906), The Bystander, Volume 10, Christ Church Cathedral, archived from the original on 16 December 2017
  6. ^ a b c d e f g The New York Times Staff (5 March 1899), "Speculation About A Prince" (PDF), The New York Times, retrieved 19 August 2010
  7. ^ a b The New York Times Staff (23 November 1913), "English Peer, Once a Prospector Here, Turns Moslem" (PDF), The New York Times, retrieved 19 August 2010
  8. ^ Guerrero, Leon María (1984), We, Filipinos, Daily Star Pub. Co., archived from the original on 16 December 2017
  9. ^ Foreman, John (1980), The Philippines, Filipiniana Book Guild, archived from the original on 16 December 2017
  10. ^ Gantenbein, Calvin U. (1902), The official records of the Oregon volunteers in the Spanish war and Philippine insurrection, W.H. Leeds, state printer, archived from the original on 16 December 2017