Prem Nazir (born Abdul Khader; 7 April 1926 – 16 January 1989) was an Indian actor known as one of Malayalam cinema's definitive leading men of his generation. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential actors in the history of Indian cinema. A popular cultural icon of Kerala, Nazir is often referred to as Nithyaharitha Nayakan ("Evergreen Hero").[1] Nazir began his career as a stage actor and made his film debut with the 1952 film Marumakal. He took on the stage name Prem Nazir on the sets of his second film, Visappinte Vili (1952).


Prem Nazir
Nazir on a 2013 stamp of India
Born
Abdul Khader

(1926-04-07)7 April 1926
Died16 January 1989(1989-01-16) (aged 62)
Resting placeTrivandrum, India
Other namesNithyaharitha Nayakan
(Evergreen Hero)
Alma mater
OccupationActor
Years active1951–1989
Known forMalayalam films
Spouse
Habeeba Beevi
(m. 1944)
Children4, including Shanavas
RelativesPrem Nawas (brother)
AwardsPadma Bhushan (1983)

Nazir is noted for his performances in films such as Murappennu (1965), Udhyogastha (1967), Iruttinte Athmavu (1967), Kallichellamma (1969), Virunnukari (1969), Nadhi (1969), C.I.D. Nazir (1971), Anubhavangal Paalichakal (1971), Taxi Car (1972), Azhakulla Saleena (1973), Nellu (1974), Ariyappedatha Rahasyam (1981), Vida Parayum Munpe (1981), Padayottam (1982), and Dhwani (1988).[2] Nazir won the Kerala State Film Award (Special Jury Award) for his role as Madhavan Kutty in Vida Parayum Munpe. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan the third highest civilian honours respectively, for his contribution towards the arts.[3] He died due to measles on 16 January 1989 at the age of 62.

Nazir holds the Guinness World Records for playing opposite the same heroine in 130 films (with Sheela), and previously held the record for playing the lead role in a record 720 films.[4][5] He also holds two other acting records; for acting opposite eighty heroines and for acting in lead roles in 30 films which were released in a single year (1973 and 1977).

Early life edit

Nazir was born into a Christian family in Chirayinkeezhu, Travancore, which is now part of Kerala, India. Later in his life, he converted to Islam and adopted the name Prem Nazir for his career in the film industry.[6] He had two brothers - Prem Nawas (Abdul Wahab) - and Ashraf and six sisters - Sulekha, Arifa, Aneesa, Umaiba, Sunaisa and Suhara.[7] His mother died when he was very young, and his father remarried a woman of the same name. He completed his formal education from Kadinamkulam Lower Primary School, Sri Chithiravilasam School, Trivandrum, Sanatana Dharma College, Alappuzha, and St. Berchmans College, Changanassery. By the time he completed his education, he had become an experienced drama artist.

Career edit

Entry into cinema edit

 
Prem Nazir with friends in Perumbavoor.

Prem Nazir had his acting debut as Shylock in the play The Merchant of Venice (1951), when he was a student at SB College, Changanacherry. He won the best actor award for this role in the play directed by Sheppard. His first film was Marumakal (1952), directed by S. K. Chari and produced by Paul Kallungal. He was credited as Abdul Khader in this film. He got his career break with Visappinte Vili (1952), his second film, made for K&K Combines (Udaya Studio) by Telugu director Mohan Rao. It was on the set of this movie he was renamed to Prem Nazir by Thikkurussi Sukumaran Nair. Prem Nazir started his career when drama was the most popular visual medium and film making at its infancy. He began acting for the Excel Productions (Udaya Studio) and most of his films were for the Udaya and Merryland Studios.[8]

1950s: Rise to stardom edit

With the arrival of Nazir, there was a new screen personality, a new debonair actor who could be a youth heart throb. Prem Nazir acquired the halo of a romantic hero and a loyal following. His tear-jerkers were very popular with female audiences and soon made him a darling of the masses. He became the first real star of Malayalam cinema. Another factor that assisted Prem Nazir's rise – as it had the rise of his contemporaries in other regional film industries – was the continuing reign of mythologicals and devotionals. Costumed musicals, filmed start-to-finish within the confines of a studio, contributed their own. All such films for a long period kept him before his fans, nourished his romantic image and provided him unlimited scope for rehearsing and refining his talent in playing diverse roles. Since the bulk of South Indian cinema was theatrical visually and aurally, Prem Nazir's stage background and his extraordinary command of Malayalam helped him win the hearts of his audience.[9]

1960s, 1970s: Golden years edit

In the late 1950s, Nazir drew attention by playing movies with themes based on social and religious injustices in the society. From 1956 to 1976, Prem Nazir rode high at the crest of a tidal wave of popularity and also gave his best to Malayalam cinema. Nazir catapulted to the row of the finest actors of India with the film Iruttinte Athmavu (1967). Playing a demented youth – Velayadhan, Prem Nazir discovered his prowess as a dramatic actor of great intensity. Many critics have evaluated this role as his masterpiece, and as one of the finest onscreen performances ever. Written by M. T. Vasudevan Nair, the film provided Malayalam cinema with a new direction; that of the low-budget film. One could see a lot of the pre-occupations of the scenarist, who carried the touches of human relationships through all of his subsequent films whether as screenplay writer or director. In spite of its large number of studio shots and overall theatricality, the film was so culturally rich that many of the episodes would become archetypes for future Malayalam film makers dealing with family drama. It depicted the story of an imbecile (finely portrayed by Prem Nazir) in a joint family with remarkable sensitivity and seriousness of purpose.

During his peak time, Nazir gave life to many characters and enjoyed a wide popularity among all sects of the society. He acted in the first-ever investigative series in Malayalam cinema C.I.D. Nazir directed by P. Venu. He has played historical characters based on Vadakkan Pattukal. Aromalunni, Kannappanunni, Thacholi Ambu and Padayottam are some major films in this genre. Although the actor faced criticism for playing such roles as his physique was least suited for it, he still enjoyed a huge fan following among the audiences. He was well known for his roles as Hindu deities like Rama, Krishna and Ayyappa. In his movies, Nazir was well known for playing the eternal romantic hero and the good guy who would bash up the villains without remorse.[10]

Even though Nazir could not regenerate after the mid-1970s, he maintained his superstardom till the beginning of the 1980s. In 1979, 39 of his films got released; a record. He also holds the record for having acted in the most leading roles – about 700 films (with 85 heroines; another record). Another record is for the most enduring screen team along with actress Sheela. They played opposite each other in 130 movies by 1975. Although Sheela is known as the lucky mascot of Prem Nazir, his movies with other heroines like Jayabharathi and Sharada were also big successes at box office. Prem Nazir pairing with comedian Adoor Bhasi was a sure-fire laugh riot. The void left by this duo is yet to be occupied. Nazir's association with playback singer K. J. Yesudas was perfect for the audience. Even today many consider the Nazir – Yesudas combination of song sequences remain the best ever on screen. He is quite popularly described as Nithyaharithanayakan (The Evergreen Hero), which does justice to the fact that he was acting as the hero in his elder years as well. Senior Malayalam cine actress Kaviyoor Ponnamma has revealed that Prem Nazir was a very good singer, and had training in Carnatic music.[11]

1980s: Late career edit

By the beginning of the 1980s, Nazir himself moved into supporting roles. He mostly played supporting roles with Jayan, Sukumaran, Shankar and Soman. In 1980, he acted in Ariyappedatha Rahasyam directed by P. Venu along with Jayan. In 1981, he played a major supporting role in Mohan's Vida Parayum Munpe that earned him the Kerala State Special Jury Award. His most iconic role till date came in the form of Padayottam released in 1982.[citation needed] Based loosely on the evergreen classic, The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas, Nazir played the titular role of Thamban, a prince who is cheated by his so called dear ones and friends and made a slave in a vessel. How he returns and hunts down those who were responsible for wrecking his life forms the crux of the story. He played his last hero role in Vellarikka Pattanam (1985) along with Ratheesh. It is also reputed the Nazir missed the National award for best actor by just one vote for role.[citation needed] His second last film was Ayalvasi Oru Daridravasi(1986), where he starred with Mukesh, Shankar, Nedumudi Venu, Sukumari and Seema. His last completed film was A. T. Abu's Dhwani (1988), in which he co-starred with Jayaram. His last release was Priyadarshan's Kadathanadan Ambadi (1990), in which he co-starred with Mohanlal. In one of his last interviews, he had expressed a desire to direct a film with Mammootty and Mohanlal in the lead.[12]

Popular film genres edit

Two popular film series initiated by Prem Nazir are the C.I.D series and the Vadakkanpattu series. The former is a group of investigative films by P. Venu in which Nazir played James Bond like protagonists. In most of these movies Nazir teamed with Adoor Bhasi, a famed comedy actor who would accompany Nazir characters in investigations. C.I.D. Nazir directed by P. Venu, has inspired numerous adaptations and similar series like for example popular CBI series with Mammootty in the lead and a satirical CID series of Mohanlal-Sreenivasan team. Other inspired films are C.I.D Unnikrishnan starring Jayaram and C.I.D Moosa with Dileep in the lead.[citation needed]

Another film series starring Nazir was a series of movies based on Vadakanpaattu which are part of the traditional folklore of Kerala. These are tales of martial warriors spread over generations through folk songs. Although the series may have been initiated by Sathyan's title role in Thacholi Othenan, the trend was continued long after his demise with Nazir in the lead, playing various other characters from Vadakkanpattu.[13]

Personal life edit

Family edit

Prem Nazir was married to Habeeba Beevi and they have one son and three daughters. Laila, Rasiya – both older than Shanavas. The youngest daughter is Rita. Shanavas's wife Ayisha Beevi is the daughter of the eldest sister of Prem Nazir, Suleikha Beevi. Prem Nazir's son Shanavas acted in few films as well but could not succeed like his father. Third generation of Prem Nazir, Shanavas's son Shameer Khan, acted in a Malayalam film, Uppukandam Brothers Back in Action.

Prem Nazir's younger brother Prem Nawas (Abdul Wahab) also acted in a few films. Although he was the first in the family to begin acting in movies, he later began producing films – Agniputhri, Thulaavarsham, Poojakku Edukatha Pookkal, Neethi and Keni, to name a few. Prem Nawas's only son, Prem Kishore has also had a stint with the industry by acting in two Malayalam films – Vacation and Thaskaraputran. Prem Nawas has the distinction of acting in the first ever colour film made in Malayalam – Kandam Becha Kottu. [14]

Philanthropic work edit

Prem Nazir, renowned for both his acting prowess and philanthropic endeavors, remains a subject of debate on whether he excelled more as an actor or humanitarian. Widely regarded for his generosity, Nazir treated colleagues, well-wishers, and family with equal kindness. His humanitarian impact became evident posthumously as beneficiaries of his assistance came to light. Nazir's compassion extended to supporting his close friend Jayan, financing the transportation of Jayan's remains following a tragic accident during the shoot of "Kolilakkam."

Notably, Nazir played a pivotal role in promoting his film colleagues, demonstrating a sharp memory by instantly recognizing individuals. Collaborating with director M. Sasikumar, he assisted bankrupt producers, aiding them in regaining their prominence in the film industry. Nazir's golden era in Malayalam cinema was characterized by his unparalleled generosity, where he not only contributed to his own success but also facilitated the growth of others in the industry.

Beyond his cinematic achievements, Nazir donated an elephant to the Sarkara Devi Temple in Chirayinkil and authored books such as "Enne Thediyethiya Kathapatrangal" detailing the film characters he portrayed and his autobiography, "Anubhvangal Oarmakal." Director and lyricist Sreekumaran Thampi further honored Nazir with the book "Prem Nazir Enna Prema Ganam.[15]

Death edit

It was during the late 1980s that Nazir, despite being a person with no political affiliations, campaigned rigorously for a running candidate in politics who happened to be a close friend of his. Due to his sincerity, dedication and tireless nature to help people in need, Nazir, who was a diabetic, failed to have proper food at times as he placed his mission much above his health. However all this took a toll on this and he became admitted to Vijaya hospital due to duodenal ulcer which happens due to irregularity of having food.[16] During that stint many of his fans had come to see him and since it was impossible in those days to contain a large following, people just poured in to check the well being of their favorite actor. In that crowd it is said that there was a person who had measles and had freshly bathed which would increase the germs to spread. Nazir in his weak physique contracted it and this led his feeble condition to deteriorate further. Even though valiant attempts were made like trying to bring medicines from abroad to treat him, it all ended up in fiasco and the Nithya Haritha Nayakan died in the early hours of 16 January 1989, aged 62.[17] His dead body was transported via aeroplane to Thiruvananthapuram, and via a special bus to his native land, where he was buried with full state honours.

Awards edit

Prem Nazir won his only Kerala State Film Award in 1981; He won Filmfare Special Award - South[18] for numerous films in 1976 and he won a Special Jury Award for the supporting role he played in the film Vida Parayum Munbe. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1983 by the President of India in recognition of distinguished services of a high order to the nation in his field (acting). The Prem Nazir Award was initiated in his memory, in 1992, for excellence in contributions to the Malayalam cinema Industry. He has also held the position of National Film Award jury in 1985.

Legacy and influence edit

Prem Nazir is known to be the most influential and trendsetting lead actor in Malayalam. He is known for his amazing longevity in that he was active during the peak years of other iconic Malayalam superstars like Sathyan and Jayan acting alongside them in 1960s and 1970s respectively. Nazir who began his movie career in the early 1950s, later acted alongside popular future stars like Shankar, Mammootty and Mohanlal by the 1980s. He was a mainstream superstar in Malayalam cinema for over 30 years from the late 1950s to late 1980s. He also has an unofficial recognition of playing a campus character while in his late fifties. Prem Nazir has the distinction of acting with the same heroine; Sheela, in over 100 films.

Nazir is generally considered the ultimate romantic hero in Malayalam cinema due to his handsomeness and ease of acting in romantic roles particularly in romantic song sequences.[19] His song sequences combined with the lyrics of Vayalar, tunes of Devarajan and voice of K.J. Yesudas produced what is called the golden era of Malayalam film songs.[20] Prem Nazir has also appeared in the highest number of dual roles (more than 40) in Indian films and perhaps in world cinema.

Filmography edit

Important roles edit

Films in which Nazir played dual roles edit

Prem Nazir holds the record of playing double roles in more than 40 films of his career. The first movie in which he had played a double role was the historical film, Kunjali Marakkar, directed by SS Rajan. The film won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Malayalam.[21]

1 Kunjali Marakkar (1966) as Antonio/Narayanan Nair

2 Udhyogastha (1967)

3 Virunnukari (1969)

4 C.I.D. Nazir (1971)

5 Taxi Car (1972)

6 Thirichadi (1971) as Kuttappan/Venu

7 Rahasyam (1969) as Babu/K.K.Nair

8 Seemantha Puthran (1978) as Surendran/Jayadevan

9 Makane Ninakku Vendi (1971) as Sam/Thomachan

10 Aromalunni (1974) as Kunjiraman/Aromalunni

11 Gandharvakshethram (1974) as Gandharvan/Velayudhan

12 Postmane Kananilla (1973) as Ramu/Aniyan

13 Football Champion (1976) as Vijayan/ Thakil Veerachami

14 Thenaruvi (1976) as Rajan/Mannaan.

15 Ragapournami (1978) as Vinayan/Ajayan

16 Thacholi Marumakan Chandu (1980) as Othenan/Kutty

17 Honeymoon (1974)

18 Mamangam (1980) as Marathandan/Kannan

19 Pathiravum Pakalvelichavum (1974)

20 Durga (1974) as Prof. Damodaran/Ramu

21 Kottaaram Vilkkaanundu (1975) as Murali

22 Picnic (1975) as Ravivarma/Rajagopal

23 Pichathikuttappan (1979)

24 Aaranyakaantam (1979) as Unnikrishnan/Duplicate Unni

25 Ariyappedatha Rahasyam (1981)

26 Kadamattathachan (1978) as Ravivarma/Kadamattathu Kathanar

27 Ajayanum Vijayanum (1978) as Ajayan/Vijayan

28 Paarijatham (1976)

29 Vanadevatha (1976) as Chandran/Suresh

30 Chennaaya Valarthiya Kutty (1976) as Sreeni/Maranchadi.

31 Kannappanunni (1981) as Durgadasan/Kannappanunni.

32 Kadathanaattu Maakkam (1978) as Nambeeshan/Kannan.

33 Kanalkattakal (1979) as Panikkar/Vijayan.

28 Aanappaachan (1978) as Paachan/Gopi.

29 Vijayanum Veeranum (1982) as Vijayan/Veeran.

30 Anthapuram (1981)

31 Sanchari (1981) as Sumesh/Suresh

32 Post Mortem (1982) as Vikariyachan/C.I.of Police.

33Marupacha (1982) as PremKumar, Premchandran

34 Ente Katha (1983) as Sreekumar/Sankar

35 Justice Raja (1983) as Justice Raja/Son of Raja.

36. Muhammadum musthafayum (1978) as Rajan/Babu

37. Rajurahim (1978) as Raju and Rahim

38. Mallanum Mathevanum

39. Anweshanam (1978) as Gopi/Venu

40. Adachangala (1978) as Ravi/Johnny

41. Ammini Ammavan (1977) as Anandhan/Suresh

Films in which Nazir played triple roles edit

Other important films and characters edit

References edit

  1. ^ Vn, Aswin (6 April 2017). "Everlasting aura". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  2. ^ "The evergreen hero". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 16 January 2009. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2011.
  3. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  4. ^ Guinness World Records 2001. Guinness World Records. 2001. p. 91. ISBN 0553583751.
  5. ^ Sheela's comeback[usurped]. The Hindu. 5 January 2004. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
  6. ^ ivayana (18 August 2020). "തുളുക്കപ്പട അഥവാ റാവുത്തർമാർ .... Mansoor Naina". Ivayana. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  7. ^ "Narration about Prem Nazir at the end of movie". amritatv.com. Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Remembering Prem Nazir: Malayalam cinema's evergreen hero, world record holder". The Week. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  9. ^ "Evolution of superstardom in Malayalam cinema". fullpicture.in. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  10. ^ Kumar, Vishnu (24 March 2019). "Tribute to the evergreen hero". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  11. ^ "A toast to Prem Nazir's unmatched padayottam - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  12. ^ Vn, Aswin (6 April 2017). "Everlasting aura". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  13. ^ "Malyalam script writer Sarangapani dies". Deccan Herald. 2 February 2011. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  14. ^ Shameer Khan
  15. ^ "Why memories about Prem Nazir are still evergreen?". www.onmanorama.com. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  16. ^ "The Real Truth of Prem Nazir's death | Son Shanawas reveals for the first time on TV". YouTube.
  17. ^ Dileep, Lalita (26 February 2013). "Actor-politician Prem Nazir dies". India Today. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  18. ^ The Times of India Directory and Year Book Including Who's who. 1980. Archived from the original on 11 October 2020. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  19. ^ "This memory is Evergreen-Nostalgia-Metro Manorama". manoramaonline.com. 2 May 2011. Archived from the original on 26 August 2011. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
  20. ^ "Kozhikode remembers matinee idol Prem Nazir". The Hindu. 17 January 2011. Archived from the original on 22 September 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  21. ^ "Malayalam actors in dual roles". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 11 October 2020. Retrieved 19 February 2020.

External links edit