Prešeren Day

Prešeren Day (Slovene: Prešernov dan), full name Prešeren Day, the Slovene Cultural Holiday (Slovene: Prešernov dan, slovenski kulturni praznik), is a public holiday celebrated in Slovenia on 8 February.[1] It is marking the anniversary of the death of the Slovene national poet France Prešeren on 8 February 1849 and is the celebration of the Slovenian culture.[citation needed] It was established in 1945 to raise the cultural consciousness and the self-confidence of the Slovene nation,[2] and declared a work-free day in 1991.[3] On February 7, the eve of the holiday, the Prešeren Awards and the Prešeren Fund Awards, the highest Slovenian recognitions for cultural achievements, are conferred.[4] Prešeren Day continues to be one of the most widely celebrated Slovene holidays.[citation needed] During the holiday all state and municipal museums and galleries offer free entry, and various other cultural events are held. The holiday is celebrated not only in Slovenia, but also by Slovene communities all around the world.[citation needed]

Prešeren Day
Ivan Grohar - Portrait of France Preseren.jpg
Portrait of Slovenian national poet France Prešeren
Observed bySlovenia
Date8 February
Next time8 February 2022 (2022-02-08)
Frequencyannual

HistoryEdit

The anniversary of Prešeren's death first became a prominent date during World War II in 1941, when 7 February was celebrated as the day of all-Slavic unity.[5] The proposal to celebrate 8 February as the Slovene cultural holiday was put forward in January 1945, during World War II, in Črnomelj by the Slovene Liberation Front's cultural worker Bogomil Gerlanc.[6] It was officially proclaimed a cultural holiday with a decree passed by the Presidency of the Slovene National Liberation Council on 28 January 1945[2] and published in the newspaper Slovenski poročevalec on 1 February 1945.[7] It remained a public holiday during the era of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia within the SFR Yugoslavia and was celebrated also by the Carinthian Slovenes and the Slovenes in Italy.[citation needed] It was marked with many cultural festivals and remembrances and with school excursions to culturally significant institutions.[citation needed]

The declaration of Prešeren Day as a work-free day in 1991 was opposed by many,[citation needed] claiming it would bring the banalisation of a holiday designed to be dedicated to cultural events. As a result, 3 December, the anniversary of the poet's birth, has also become widely celebrated as an alternative holiday.[citation needed] Today both days are almost equally celebrated, with no antagonism between the two, although only Prešeren Day in February is officially recognised as a national holiday.[citation needed] Since it became a work-free day, it has become even more highly valued.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Holidays and Days off in the Republic of Slovenia Act: Official Consolidated Text" (PDF). Protocol of the Republic of Slovenia. 30 November 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
  2. ^ a b Gabrovšek, D. (January 1984). "Slovenski kulturni praznik" [The Slovene Cultural Holiday]. Naš časopis [Our Newspaper] (in Slovenian). XII (106). Vrhnika: Zavod Ivana Cankarja za kulturo, šport in turizem Vrhnika [Ivan Cankar Institute for Culture, Sport and Tourism Vrhnika]. p. 6.
  3. ^ a b Naglič, Miha (3 February 2008). "Prešernov dan" [Prešeren Day]. Gorenjski glas (in Slovenian). GG Plus. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012.
  4. ^ "Preseren Prizes to Be Presented Tonight". Slovenian Press Agency. 7 February 2009. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
  5. ^ Smolej, Viktor (1955). "Prešeren in narodnoosvobodilna vojna" [Preseren and the National Liberation War]. Kronika: časopis za slovensko krajevno zgodovino [The Chronicle: The Newspaper for the Slovene Place History] (in Slovenian). Zgodovinsko društvo za Slovenijo [Historical Association of Slovenia]. 3 (1): 6.
  6. ^ Globočnik, Damir (2005). Prešeren in likovna umetnost [Prešeren and Visual Arts] (in Slovenian). Celjska Mohorjeva družba. p. 253. ISBN 978-3-7086-0169-4.
  7. ^ Škoro Babić, Aida. "Arhivalija meseca (februar 2011)" [Archivalia of the Month (February 2011)] (in Slovenian). Archives of the Republic of Slovenia, Ministry of Culture, Republic of Slovenia. Archived from the original on 8 February 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2012.