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Pramod Ranjan Sengupta (1907 - 1974) was a Marxist intellectual and Bengali revolutionary, attached with of Indian National Army led by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.

Early lifeEdit

Sengupta was born in British India at Dumka, presently in the state of Jharkhand. His father Harshanath Sengupta was a reputed doctor of Dumka. In 1925 while studying in Krishnagar Government College, at Krishnanagar, Nadia he came in contact with Hemanta Kumar Sarkar, Anantahari Mitra, Mahadev Sarkar and attracted to the revolutionary politics.[1]

Revolutionary activitiesEdit

Sengupta was arrested for having connection with Dakshineswar Bomb Case and remained intern in Shibchar village of Faridpur District. That time he completed graduation and after became released in 1927 he went to England for higher studies. While studying in London School of Economics he joined in India League and trade union movement of Dock workers. Sengupta went to Germany in 1928 at the invitation of Saumyendranath Tagore who introduced him with the members of the Berlin Committee. While returning to England, French police arrested him having with a revolver.[1] After the release he met international communist Leaders like Rajani Palme Dutt, Shapurji Saklatvala and Harry Pollitt. In 1934-35 he participated into the communist group of studies along with other Indian students in London[2] which latter formed anti imperialist Progressive Writers Association.[3] Sengupta also worked as a reporter of Hindustan Standard in London. In 1938 he submitted the thesis paper regarding the 'Aggro related development in India' and got the Ph. D degree. He went to Spain to join International Brigades against the Nationalist forces. During World War II Sengupta joined in Indian National Army formed by Subhas chandra Bose in Berlin and he became its Programme Director. He also edited the Ajad hind magazine for few days. After the war he was arrested in 1945 by the British military Mission and was imprisoned for 10 months. In 1946, Sengupta returned to India, entered in Left-wing politics and further imprisoned in 1950 in the Presidency jail in Kolkata. After the release he joined in Communist Party of India.[1]

Other movementEdit

Sengupta was active in International Peace Movement, Progressive Writers' Movement, Bharatiya Gananatya Sangha, Democratic Rights and Civil Society Movement after the commencement of The Emergency (India). He was the President of All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries (AICCCR) at the time of Naxalbari uprising.[4][5]

Literary worksEdit

Sengupta was a socio political essayist and Marxist intellectual, his lots of article were published in various magazine. He wrote few books namely;

  • Bhartiya Mahabidrha[6]
  • Nilbidroho o Tatkalin Bangali Samaj[7]
  • Kalatarer Pathik Roma Roland
  • Naxalbari and Indian Revolution[8]


  1. ^ a b c Vol - I, Subodh C. Sengupta & Anjali Basu (2002). Sansad Bengali Charitavidhan (Bengali). Kolkata: Sahitya Sansad. pp. 311–312. ISBN 81-85626-65-0.
  2. ^ Geeta Patel. "Lyrical Movements, Historical Hauntings: On Gender, Colonialism, and Desire". Retrieved October 21, 2017.
  3. ^ "Remembering Denmark Street in 1934…the Nanking Restaurant and the Indian Progressive Writers' Association". January 6, 2015. Retrieved October 21, 2017.
  4. ^ "স্মৃতি খুঁড়ে তুলে আনা সত্তরের যাদবপুর". Retrieved October 21, 2017.
  5. ^ Bharat Jyoti Roychowdhury, Vol - II (2010). Satchallish Theke Sottor (Bengali). Kolkata: Muktomon. pp. 12, 176. ISBN 978-81-906750-4-8.
  6. ^ "Author". Retrieved October 21, 2017.
  7. ^ Sumit Guha. "Beyond Caste: Identity and Power in South Asia, Past and Present". Retrieved October 21, 2017.
  8. ^ Ghanshyam Shah. "Social Movements in India: A Review of Literature". Retrieved October 21, 2017.