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The Port of Gaza is a small port near the Rimal district of Gaza City.[1] It is the home port of Palestinian fishing-boats and the base of the Palestinian Naval Police, a branch of the Palestinian National Security Forces. Under the Oslo II Accord, the activities of the Palestinian Naval Police are restricted to 6 nautical miles from the coast.[2] Since 2007, the Port of Gaza has been under an Israeli-imposed naval blockade as part of a blockade of the Gaza Strip, and activities at the port have been restricted to small-scale fishing.

Port of Gaza
GazaPort.JPG
Gaza port, 2015
Port of Gaza is located in Gaza Strip
Port of Gaza
Port of Gaza
Port of Gaza is located in the Palestinian territories
Port of Gaza
Port of Gaza
Location
CountryPalestine
LocationGaza Governorate, Gaza Strip
Coordinates31°31′33″N 34°25′50″E / 31.52583°N 34.43056°E / 31.52583; 34.43056
Grid position096/104 PAL
Details
Operated byPalestinian National Authority
Land area48,000 m2 (520,000 sq ft)
Piers970 and 330 m (3,180 and 1,080 ft)

HistoryEdit

MaiumaEdit

In earlier times, the port of Maiuma, or el Mineh (meaning "the harbour"), was located in the area.[3] In the late Ottoman era, Pierre Jacotin named the place Majumas on his map from 1799.[4]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) noted that el Mineh was probably the ancient Maiuma.[5]

In 2011, eight Roman columns believed to be the remains of a church were swept ashore during a storm.[6] In 2013, the Palestinian Naval Police found ancient artifacts that included poles and baked clay.[7]

Since 1994Edit

In 2002, Israeli forces attacked the Palestinian Naval Police facilities in the port,[8] after Naval Police commanders were implicated in the Karine A affair, an attempt to secretly bring in 50 tons of weapons by boat into Gaza.

In 2007, following Hamas' takeover of Gaza, Israel imposed a blockade of the Gaza Strip, including a naval blockade.[9] Several attempts to break the Israeli blockade have been made.[10] Israel has prevented most ships from docking at the Port of Gaza, but did allow two boats, carrying activists and some supplies, to reach the port in 2008.[11] As at 2010, the port was restricted to smaller Palestinian fishing boats.[12]

In 2010, the port was deepened by Hamas in preparation for the arrival of a blockade-breaking flotilla of larger international ships.[12] A breakwater was constructed and lighting was installed. Hamas announced plans to develop the port to make it more accessible to fishermen and attract tourists.

Gaza Seaport plansEdit

Since the 1993 Oslo I Accord, there have been plans to build a much larger seaport in Gaza. Due to the continuing Israeli–Palestinian conflict, these plans have not materialized as of 2014.

In 2005, Israel approved Palestinian plans to rebuild and complete the construction of a port a few miles south of Gaza City, which had begun before the outbreak of the Second Intifada in September 2000. The building was destroyed by Israeli forces together with Gaza's existing airport near Rafah following the outbreak of the Second Intifada.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Doughty and El Aydi, 1995, p. 13
  2. ^ Karsh, Efraim (2013). Israel: the First Hundred Years: Volume II: From War to Peace?. p. 216.
  3. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 361
  4. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 173
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 236
  6. ^ Gaza's archaeological treasures at risk from war and neglect 7 January 2013, BBC
  7. ^ Gaza naval police excavate archaeological site off the Gaza coast, February 17, 2014, Memo
  8. ^ Israeli navy attacks Gaza port, 12 January 2002, BBC
  9. ^ Israeli navy blocks Gaza aid ship, 1 December 2008, The Guardian
  10. ^ U.S. leftists confirm plans to sail to Gaza to break siege 29 July 2008 U.S. Haaretz
  11. ^ Navy lets another boat into Gaza port, by Yaakov Katz and Herb Keinon 9 December 2008, The Jerusalem Post
  12. ^ a b Gaza port readies for flotilla, May 27, 2010, Jerusalem Post
  13. ^ Palestinians to rebuild Gaza sea port in latest peace move, Anton La Guardia, 17 February 2005, The Daily Telegraph

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit