Polk County, Minnesota
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
|Founded||July 20, 1858 (created)|
|Named for||James Knox Polk|
|Largest city||East Grand Forks|
|• Total||1,998 sq mi (5,170 km2)|
|• Land||1,971 sq mi (5,100 km2)|
|• Water||27 sq mi (70 km2) 1.3%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||16.0/sq mi (6.2/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
In one of its early acts as a state entity, the Minnesota legislature created the county on July 20, 1858, but did not organize it at that time. The county was named for the 11th president of the United States, James Knox Polk, who signed the Congressional Act that organized the Minnesota Territory. The county was organized in 1872 and 1873, with the newly settled community of Crookston as the county seat.
Polk County lies on Minnesota's border with North Dakota (across the Red River). The Red Lake River flows west through the upper central part of the county, discharging into the Red at Grand Forks. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, devoted to agriculture. The county slopes to the west and north, with its highest point near its southeast corner, at 1,519' (463m) ASL. The county has a total area of 1,998 square miles (5,170 km2), of which 1,971 square miles (5,100 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (1.3%) is water.
- Polk County State-Aid Highway 21: Major connector between Grand Forks and Pennington County. Connects with Pennington County State-Aid Highway 3.
- Polk County State-Aid Highway 9: Major connector between Crookston and the south end of Grand Forks. Connects with Grand Forks County Road 7. Also functions as a south side connector between US 75 and US 2 in Crookston.
- Polk County State-Aid Highways 11 & 46: US 2 Truck Bypass of Crookston.
- Polk County State-Aid Highway 2: Designated and designed for heavy truck traffic connecting US 2 to Roseau County and Marshall County.
- Agassiz Dunes Scientific and Natural Area (part)
- Belgium State Wildlife Management Area
- Brandsvold State Wildlife Management Area
- Castor State Wildlife Management Area
- Enerson State Wildlife Management Area
- Erskine State Wildlife Management Area
- Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge
- Gully Fen Scientific and Natural Area
- Hangaard State Wildlife Management Area
- Hasselton State Wildlife Management Area (part)
- Hill River State Wildlife Management Area
- Kroening State Wildlife Management Area
- Lavoi State Wildlife Management Area
- Lessor State Wildlife Management Area
- Mahgre State Wildlife Management Area
- Malmberg Prairie Scientific and Natural Area
- Pembina State Wildlife Management Area
- Polk State Wildlife Management Area
- Red River State Recreation Area (part)
- Red River Valley Natural History Area
- Rindahl State Wildlife Management Area
- Rydell National Wildlife Refuge
- Sand Hill Recreation Area
- Shypoke State Wildlife Management Area
- Stipa State Wildlife Management Area
|US Decennial Census|
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 31,369 people, 12,070 households, and 8,050 families in the county. The population density was 15.9/sqmi (6.14/km²). There were 14,008 housing units at an average density of 7.11/sqmi (2.74/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.18% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 1.30% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.57% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. 4.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.7% were of Norwegian, 19.7% German and 5.8% French ancestry.
There were 12,070 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.90% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07.
The county population contained 25.90% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,105, and the median income for a family was $44,310. Males had a median income of $31,472 versus $21,535 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,279. About 7.30% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 10.90% of those age 65 or over.
- Andover Township
- Angus Township
- Badger Township
- Belgium Township
- Brandsvold Township
- Brandt Township
- Brislet Township
- Bygland Township
- Chester Township
- Columbia Township
- Crookston Township
- Eden Township
- Esther Township
- Euclid Township
- Fairfax Township
- Fanny Township
- Farley Township
- Fisher Township
- Garden Township
- Garfield Township
- Gentilly Township
- Godfrey Township
- Grand Forks Township
- Grove Park-Tilden Township
- Gully Township
- Hammond Township
- Helgeland Township
- Higdem Township
- Hill River Township
- Hubbard Township
- Huntsville Township
- Johnson Township
- Kertsonville Township
- Keystone Township
- King Township
- Knute Township
- Lessor Township
- Liberty Township
- Lowell Township
- Nesbit Township
- Northland Township
- Onstad Township
- Parnell Township
- Queen Township
- Reis Township
- Rhinehart Township
- Roome Township
- Rosebud Township
- Russia Township
- Sandsville Township
- Scandia Township
- Sletten Township
- Sullivan Township
- Tabor Township
- Tynsid Township
- Vineland Township
- Winger Township
- Woodside Township
Polk County has been a swing district for several decades. In 56% of national elections since 1980, the county selected the Republican Party candidate (as of 2016).
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. pp. 42–28.
- Polk County MN Google Maps (accessed 16 March 2019)
- "Find an Altitude/Polk County MN" Google Maps (accessed 16 March 2019)
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 57-60. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 30, 2019.
- "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- R.I. Holcombe and William H Bingham, Compendium of History and Biography of Polk County, Minnesota. Minneapolis: W. H. Bingham & Co., 1916.
- Huber D. McLellan, The History of the Early Settlement and Development of Polk County, Minnesota. PhD dissertation. Northwestern University, 1928.
- Polk County Historical Society, Bicentennial History of Polk County, Minnesota: Pioneers of the Valley. n.c.: Polk County Historical Society, 1976.
- Polk County Historical Society, The Polk County Historian. (journal)
- Claude Eugene Wentsel, Polk County, Minnesota, in the World War. Ada, MN: C.E. Wentsel, 1922.
- Winger Golden Jubilee Historical Committee, Golden Jubilee, Winger, Minnesota, 1904-1954. Winger, MN: Winger Enterprise, n.d. .
- Maxine Workman, Minnesota Cemeteries, Polk County. West Fargo, ND: Red River Genealogy Society, 1988.