Podolia Eyalet

Podolia Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish: Eyalet-i Kamaniçe)[1] was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire. Its capital was Kamianets-Podilskyi (Polish: Kamieniec Podolski; Ukrainian: Кам’янець-Подільський; Turkish: Kamaniçe).

Eyalet-i Kamaniçe
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire
1672–1699
Podolia Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (1683).svg
The Podolia Eyalet in 1683
CapitalKamianets-Podilskyi
Area
 • Coordinates48°41′N 26°35′E / 48.683°N 26.583°E / 48.683; 26.583Coordinates: 48°41′N 26°35′E / 48.683°N 26.583°E / 48.683; 26.583
History
History 
1672
1699
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Podolia Voivodeship
Podolia Voivodeship
Today part ofUkraine

HistoryEdit

 
The Ottoman garrison in the city of Kamaniçe, capitol of the Podolia Eyalet

In 1672, the Ottoman army, led by Sultan Mehmed IV, captured Kamaniçe after a short siege.[2] The Treaty of Buchach confirmed Ottoman control of the city, which became the centre of a new eyalet.[2] The treaty was repudiated by the Polish Diet, and war broke out anew.[2]

The Polish campaign proved unsuccessful, and the truce of Żurawno (1676) left Podolia within Ottoman borders. Another Polish-Ottoman war broke out again in 1683.[2] For the next 16 years, Ottoman rule in Podolia generally was limited to the blockaded fortress of Kamianets, held by a garrison of 6,000 soldiers.[2] The other garrisons in Podolia, in Bar, Medzhybizh, Jazlivec, and Chortkiv, barely exceeded 100 soldiers each.[3]

According to the Ottoman provincial budget of 1681, 13 million akçe were spent yearly in the eyalet, primarily for soldiers' pay. Of this amount, less than 3% was collected from Podolia itself, the rest was sent from the central treasury.[3] In 1681, the patriarch of Constantinople appointed the Orthodox metropolitan of Kamianets, named Pankratij.[4]

The fortress was returned to Poland as a result of the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699).[2]

GovernorsEdit

 
Ottoman territory north of the Black Sea in the seventeenth century

During the 27 years of Ottoman rule, Podolia was administered by nine Ottoman pashas:[2]

  • Küstendilli Halil (1672–76; 1677–80),
  • Arnavut Ibrahim (1676–77)
  • Defterdar Ahmed (1680–82)
  • Arnavut Abdurrahman (1682–84)
  • Tokatlı Mahmud (1684)
  • Bozoklu Mustafa (1685–86)
  • Sarı Boşnak Hüseyin (1686–88)
  • Yegen Ahmed (1688–89)
  • Kahraman Mustafa (1689–99)

See alsoEdit

Administrative divisionsEdit

The eyalet was divided into four sanjaks:[2]

  1. Sanjak of Kamaniçe
  2. Sanjak of Bar
  3. Sanjak of Mejibuji
  4. Sanjak of Yazlofça

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Marc David Baer (2011-09-01). Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Europe. Oxford University Press. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-19-979783-7. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Agoston, Gabor; Masters, Bruce Alan (2009). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 306. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-02-25.
  3. ^ a b Kołodziejczyk, Dariusz (June 1992). "Ottoman Podillja: The Eyalet of Kamjanec', 1672-1699". Harvard Ukrainian Studies. 16 (1/2): 87–101. JSTOR 41036452.
  4. ^ Kołodziejczyk, Dariusz (2006). "The "Turkish Yoke" Revisited: The Ottoman Non-Muslim Subjects Between Loyalty, Alienation, And Riot" (PDF). Acta Poloniae Historica (93): 178–195. ISSN 0001-6829.

External linksEdit