Plutarco Elias Calles Dam

The Presidente Plutarco Elías Calles Dam or Plutarco Elías Calles Dam, is a dam located in the municipality of San José de Gracia (Aguascalientes), Mexico, 14 km (8.7 mi) west of the Pan-American Highway (Federal #45) in the north of the state on the edge of the Sierra Fría.[1]

Presa Plutarco Elías Calles
Plutarco Elías Calles Dam
View of Calles Dam
Official namePresa Presidente Plutarco Elías Calles
LocationSan José de Gracia, Aguascalientes, Mexico
Coordinates22°8′29″N 102°25′2″W / 22.14139°N 102.41722°W / 22.14139; -102.41722
Construction began1927
Opening date1928
Owner(s)Government of Aguascalientes
Dam and spillways
Type of damHydroelectric
Height66 m (217 ft)
Length268 m (879 ft)
Total capacity340,000,000 m3 (1.2×1010 cu ft)
Presa Plutarco Elías Calles

Its storage capacity is 340 million cubic metres (12×10^9 cu ft). It is made of reinforced concrete, and is 66 m (217 ft) high by 268 m (879 ft)long. Its use is mainly agricultural, with 2,000 users over 4,000 ha.



Its spillway was built between 1927 and 1928 by the American company JG White.

It was the first irrigation project of the Mexican Revolution regime. It dates back to the end of the 19th century, formulated by the engineer Blas Romo, named Santiago Dam Project. The project remained dormant until November 1925. On a visit to the state of Aguascalientes by then President Plutarco Elías Calles, the dam project was presented to him. It was then approved.

The project was then titled Irrigation System No. 1.

An image of the El Cristo Roto Monument[2] was placed inside the dam on an island (former Mountain).[3] Another dam with the same name sits in the state of Sonora, also known as El Novillo. It was built long after the Aguascalientes dam.



  1. ^ "Gobierno del Estado de Aguascalientes". Retrieved 2022-02-25.
  2. ^ "El Cristo Roto, santuario en San José de Gracia, Ags". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-02-25.
  3. ^ "Aguascalientes en tu Mano - PRESA CALLES". Retrieved 2022-02-25.