Plumeria obtusa

Plumeria obtusa, the Singapore graveyard flower,[3] is a species of the genus Plumeria (Apocynaceae). It is native to the Neotropics, but widely cultivated for its ornamental and fragrant flowers around the world, where suitably warm climate exists.

Plumeria obtusa
Leaves I IMG 8331.jpg
Leaves in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Plumeria
P. obtusa
Binomial name
Plumeria obtusa
    • Plumeria apiculata Urb.
    • Plumeria bahamensis Urb.
    • Plumeria barahonensis Urb.
    • Plumeria beatensis Urb.
    • Plumeria bicolor Seem.
    • Plumeria casildensis Urb.
    • Plumeria cayensis Urb.
    • Plumeria clusioides Griseb.
    • Plumeria confusa Britton
    • Plumeria cubensis Urb.
    • Plumeria cuneifolia Helwig
    • Plumeria dictyophylla Urb.
    • Plumeria domingensis Urb.
    • Plumeria ekmanii Urb.
    • Plumeria emarginata Griseb.
    • Plumeria estrellensis Urb.
    • Plumeria gibbosa Urb.
    • Plumeria hypoleuca Gasp.
    • Plumeria inaguensis Britton
    • Plumeria jamaicensis Britton nom. illeg.
    • Plumeria krugii Urb.
    • Plumeria lanata Britton
    • Plumeria leuconeura Urb.
    • Plumeria marchii Urb.
    • Plumeria montana Britton & P.Wilson
    • Plumeria multiflora Standl.
    • Plumeria nipensis Britton
    • Plumeria nivea Mill.
    • Plumeria ostenfeldii Urb.
    • Plumeria parvifolia Donn
    • Plumeria pilosula Urb.
    • Plumeria portoricensis Urb.
    • Plumeria sericifolia C.Wright ex Griseb.
    • Plumeria tenorei Gazparr.
    • Plumeria trinitensis Britton
    • Plumeria tuberculata Lodd.
    • Plumeria venosa Britton
    • Plumeria versicolor Dehnh.
Closeup of Singapore graveyard flower in Jamshedpur


Plumeria obtusa was described as a new species in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus.[4] Its specific epithet "obtusa" means "blunt", in reference to its blunt-tipped leaves.[5]


Plumeria obtusa is a small tree, growing 3.0–4.6 m (10–15 ft) tall. Infrequently, individuals can grow to be 7.6 m (25 ft). Its flowers are white with yellow throats and each has five petals. The fragrant flowers bloom in clusters. Leaves are dark green, glossy, and up to 20 cm (8 in) long. They are obovate, or teardrop-shaped.[5]


Plumeria obtusa is native to the West Indies (including the Bahamas and the Greater Antilles), southern Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Florida in the United States.[6][7] Cultivation is common in warmer parts of the world, including Southeast Asia and coastal parts of the Arabian Peninsula. It is reportedly naturalized in China.[8][9]

Common namesEdit


This plant is commonly used as an ornamental, grown for its flowers. In Cambodia the flowers are used to make necklaces and in offerings to the deities.[8] In traditional medicine used in that country, a decoction of the bark is given in varying doses as a purgative or as a remedy against oedema.


  1. ^ IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group.; Botanic Gardens Conservation International; et al. (BGCI) (2020). "Plumeria obtusa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T156770956A156770958. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-1.RLTS.T156770956A156770958.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  2. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved January 30, 2014.
  3. ^ USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Plumeria obtusa". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Plumeria obtusa Linnaeus, 1753". WoRMS. 6 October 2009. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Plumeria obtusa". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  6. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  7. ^ "Plumeria obtusa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2009-02-01.
  8. ^ a b c Dy Phon Pauline, 2000, Plants Used In Cambodia, printed by Imprimierie Olympic, Phnom Penh
  9. ^ "Plumeria obtusa in Flora of China @".
  10. ^ Sujanapal, P.; Sancaran, K.V. (2016). Common Plants of Maldives (PDF). Bangkok: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and Kerala Forest Research Institute. p. 212. ISBN 978-92-5-109295-8.