Open main menu

Planken is a municipality in Oberland, Liechtenstein. It has four exclaves, two enclaves and a population of around 450.[1] Thus by population it is the smallest municipality of Liechtenstein.

Planken
Municipality
Overlooking Planken
Overlooking Planken
Flag of Planken
Flag
Coat of arms of Planken
Coat of arms
Planken and its exclaves in Liechtenstein
Planken and its exclaves in Liechtenstein
Coordinates: 47°11′N 9°32′E / 47.183°N 9.533°E / 47.183; 9.533Coordinates: 47°11′N 9°32′E / 47.183°N 9.533°E / 47.183; 9.533
Country Liechtenstein
Electoral districtOberland
Villagesnone
Area
 • Total5.3 km2 (2.0 sq mi)
Elevation
786 m (2,579 ft)
Population
 (30-06-2017)[1]
 • Total448
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)CEST
Postal code
9498
Area code(s)7006
ISO 3166 codeLI-05
Websitewww.planken.li

GeographyEdit

It is located on the western slope of Drei Schwestern. The center of the main village is on 786m a.s.l.. Additionally the plateau of Oberplanken belongs to the municipality. Its borders on Gamprin's exclave Nendler Berg, the Vaduz' exclave Dachsegg and Eschen in the North, on the Austrian municipality of Frastanz in the East and on Schaan in the South and in the West.[2]

The exclave Plankner Garselli is a former alp in the Samina valley.[2] The Plankner Neugrütt is a cliffy forest north of the village, separated from it a stripe of 20m of land and surrounded by an exclave of Schaan with the same name.[3] The other two exclaves are in the Rhine Valley; Wes is a small meadow and Riet-Äscher is a marsh, both are surrounded by territory of Schaan.[2]

Furthermore, there are two enclaves consisting of woods; Rüttistein that belongs to Vaduz and Schaan's Brunnenegg.

AlpsEdit

There are four alps in the municipality.

Alp Etymology Owner Total area Pasture area Source
Gafadura Old Romansh: cavradüra (clearing) Municipality

of

Planken

90ha 24ha [4]
Alpzinka tapering part of the alp [5]
Rütti Mentioned 1607 as Reiti (clearing) 22ha [6]
Plankner Garselli Old Romansh: clusella (small gully)? 187ha - [7]

The alp Gafadura on the western slope of Drei Schwestern was settled by Walser, alike Saroja, from Triesenberg and inhabited until the 15th century. In 1579 the owners of Gafadura, Gaflonen (today: Alpzinka) and Garselli handed their former cooperative alps over to the municipality. It was first given to single farmers until 1875 when it became a communal farming project until 1960. Since then its use is limited to cattle farming and forestry industry. The Gafadura chalet was built 1926 as a princely hunting lodge and taken over by the Liechtensteiner Alpenverein in 1968.[4]

Alpzinka was first mentioned in 1428 and was probably settled until the mid-15th century. Since then this area belonging to Gafadura was used for agriculture.[5]

Rütti, formerly also known as "Maiasäss" was used as a Maiensäss for Gafadura.[6]

Plankner Garselli is located in the western Samina Valley. The use of this steep and dry alp was not intensive since the 19th century and was limited to cattle. The agricultural activity ceased between 1880 and 1890. Since 2000 it is part of the Natural Forest Reserve Garselli/Zigerberg.[7]

HistoryEdit

The Romanic population from Schaan and Vaduz had already cleared the area of the village before the Walser migrated there in the 13th century and started clearing the upper parts of the municipality. The first documented naming was in the year 1361. The village was looted twice, first by the Swiss 1499 when they campaigned against Frastanz and 1799 by the French when they ousted the Austrian forces.

1868 the village was connected to the rest of Liechtenstein via road, now it was reachable for bigger carriages. After a great conflagration in 1869 an exodus hit the village, in 1901 just 56 inhabitants remained. The situation improved due to a land reform 1961 to 1981 and an enlargement of infrastructure.[2]

PoliticsEdit

The community leader since 2007 is Rainer Beck (VU).

In the regional elections of 15.03.2015 he received 67,3% of the valid votes. In the communal council four seats are held by FBP and three by VU.[8]

SightsEdit

Its most notable structure is an eighteenth-century chapel St. Josef, which belongs to the parish of Schaan. It is supposed to have been built in 1761 and in 1861 a tower was added, that contains a bell from 1724. 1929 Prince Franz I. founded the chapel three baroque revival altars. It was then redesigned in 1955, under the supervision of architect Felix Schmid of Rapperswil.[9]

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b https://www.llv.li/files/as/bevolkerungsstatistik-30-juni-2017.pdf
  2. ^ a b c d "Planken – Historisches Lexikon". historisches-lexikon.li (in German). Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  3. ^ map.geo.admin.ch https://map.geo.admin.ch/?zoom=10&topic=ech&lang=de&bgLayer=ch.swisstopo.pixelkarte-farbe&layers=ch.swisstopo.zeitreihen,ch.bfs.gebaeude_wohnungs_register,ch.bav.haltestellen-oev,ch.swisstopo.swisstlm3d-wanderwege&layers_visibility=false,false,false,false&layers_timestamp=18641231,,,&E=2760642.50&N=1228393.50. Retrieved 2019-05-18. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ a b "Gafadura – Historisches Lexikon". historisches-lexikon.li (in German). Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  5. ^ a b "Alpzinka – Historisches Lexikon". historisches-lexikon.li (in German). Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  6. ^ a b "Rütti – Historisches Lexikon". historisches-lexikon.li (in German). Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  7. ^ a b "Garselli – Historisches Lexikon". historisches-lexikon.li (in German). Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  8. ^ "Gemeindewahlen Liechtenstein". www.gemeindewahlen.li. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  9. ^ Herrmann, Cornelia (2007). Die Kunstdenkmäler des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. pp. 409–411.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Planken at Wikimedia Commons