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Juan Guaidó presenting Plan País on 31 January 2019

Plan País (English: Plan for the Country) is a plan organized by Juan Guaidó and the National Assembly of Venezuela created to revitalize Venezuela's economy, petroleum industry, and social sectors.[1][2]


Plan País had been under elaboration for some time and was initially developed through a series of public and private meetings in the United States and Venezuela. Experts from all sectors were consulted, among them economist Ricardo Hausmann and politicians and diplomats including Leopoldo López, Julio Borges and Carlos Vecchio along with Guaidó.[2][3] Guaidó has thanked his mentor Leopoldo López, stating that López's book, Venezuela Energética, had inspired the Plan País project.[4]


During the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis, Juan Guaidó announced on 31 January that the National Assembly of Venezuela had approved a commission to further develop and implement the plan for the reconstruction of Venezuela, to be headed by Deputy Juan Andrés Mejía.[4][5] The plan envisions providing government subsidies to the most vulnerable populations in Venezuela, restoring experienced personnel—removed by former President Hugo Chávez—to PDVSA (Venezuela's state-run petroleum company) and improving foreign investment.[6] According to Guaidó, the aims of the plan are to "stabilize the economy, attend to the humanitarian emergency immediately, rescue public services, and overcome poverty".[7] A response to Maduro's Plan de la Patria, it has provisions to revitalize PDVSA, restore the health sector and offer assistance to the most poverty-stricken.[1]

Economic advisor José Guerra stated that to curtail hyperinflation in Venezuela the transitional government must remove fixed currency exchange rates, stop monetary inflation by limiting Venezuela's money supply and refinance foreign debt.[8] Advisor Jose Toro estimated that Venezuela needed an investment of $30 billion for economic recovery.[8] National Assembly legislator Ángel Alvarado stated: "We are not going to reduce spending, we are not going to live in austerity, we are going to an expansion program to reactivate the Venezuelan economy".[6] Implementation of the plan requires the exit of Nicolás Maduro from the presidency.[2]


  1. ^ a b Phillips, Tom (31 January 2019). "'¡Sí se puede!' shouts rapturous crowd at Juan Guaidó rally". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Adams, David and Tamoa Calzadilla (30 January 2019). "Venezuela's Guaidó to announce national reconstruction plan 'for the day after'". Univision. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Plan País" (in Spanish). Plan País, Inc. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b "En vivo: Juan Guaidó presenta su Plan País para rescatar a Venezuela". El Comercio (in Spanish). 31 January 2019. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  5. ^ "Instalada Comision Plan Pais de la Asamblea Nacional". Caraboboes Noticia (in Spanish). 31 January 2019. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Juan Guaidó presentó el "Plan País" para el 'rescate' de Venezuela". La República (in Spanish). 31 January 2019. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  7. ^ Adams, David and Tamoa Calzadilla (30 January 2019). "Guaidó presentará este jueves el 'Plan País': te contamos de qué se trata". Univision (in Spanish). Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Guaidó y Asamblea Nacional presentan el "Plan País"". Deutsche Welle (in Spanish). 31 January 2019. Retrieved 1 February 2019.