Plaça d'Espanya station
Plaça d'Espanya, also simply known as Espanya, is an interchange complex underneath Plaça d'Espanya, in the Barcelona district of Sants-Montjuïc, in Catalonia, Spain. It comprises the Barcelona terminus of the Llobregat–Anoia Line and a Barcelona Metro station complex served by lines 1 (L1) and 3 (L3). On the L1, the station is between Hostafrancs and Rocafort, and on the L3 it is between Poble Sec and Tarragona. The Llobregat–Anoia Line station is served by Barcelona Metro line 8 (L8), Baix Llobregat Metro lines S33, S4 and S8, and commuter rail lines R5, R6, R50 and R60. The services on the Llobregat–Anoia Line (including the L8) are operated by Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (FGC), whilst the L1 and L3 are operated by Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB).
|FGC rapid transit and commuter rail station|
TMB rapid transit station complex
|Owned by||Government of Catalonia|
|Bicycle facilities||The upper hall of the Llobregat–Anoia Line station has a bicycle parking rack.|
|Disabled access||The FGC entrance (southwestern side of Plaça d'Espanya) is fully disabled-accessible.|
|Fare zone||1 (ATM Àrea de Barcelona)|
|2018||5,405,512 (Llobregat–Anoia Line)|
The station opened in 1926, when both the metro line L1 platforms, on the initial section of L1 between Bordeta and Catalunya stations, and the upper level FGC platforms opened. In 1929 the station served the 1929 Barcelona International Exposition held nearby.
The metro line L3 platforms were added in 1975, on the then separate line L3b between Paral·lel and Sants stations. The platforms became served by the L3 proper in 1982, when the L3 and L3b were merged into a single through service.
In 1997, two lower level platforms were added to the FGC part of the station, aligned in anticipation of future eastern extension of the FGC lines.
The station complex comprises three sets of platforms, serving three different sets of lines on three different track gauges. All three sets of platforms are connected by pedestrian subways to each other, and to various street entrances in the square and its surrounding streets. The sets of platforms are:
- The Llobregat–Anoia Line uses four metre gauge terminal tracks located under Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes at its intersection with Plaça Espanya. The four tracks are at two different levels. The tracks on the upper level are served by a pair of 159-metre-long (522 ft) side platforms, whilst the tracks on the lower level are served by an island platform. The four terminal tracks converge, west of the station, into a single pair of tracks carrying all train services.
- Barcelona Metro line 1 (L1) uses a pair of through Iberian gauge tracks located directly below Plaça Espanya. These tracks are served by a pair of 92-metre-long (302 ft) side platforms. Previously, there had existed a third terminal track and platform, allowing trains from the city center to terminate at the station.
- Barcelona Metro line 3 (L3) uses a pair of through standard gauge tracks located beneath Paral·lel Avenue, between Plaça Espanya and Carrer Llançà. These tracks are served by a pair of 94-metre-long (308 ft) side platforms.
- Carrer de Tarragona
- Avinguda Paral·lel
- Exposició (located in front of Fira de Barcelona's trade fair venue in Plaça d'Espanya)
- FGC (located in the southwestern side of Plaça d'Espanya)
- Carrer de la Creu Coberta
- "Barcelona-Pl.Espanya" (in Catalan). trenscat.com. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
- "Barcelona metro line 1 - Station Espanya". Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- "Barcelona metro line 3 - Station Espanya". Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- Integrated Railway Network (PDF) (Map). Autoritat del Transport Metropolità. August 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- "Memòria de Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya" (PDF). Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya. 2018. p. 77. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- "Espanya (L1)" (in Catalan). trenscat.com. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
- "Espanya (L3)" (in Catalan). trenscat.com. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
- "Track map of the Barcelona Metro". cartometro.com. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
- Media related to Barcelona Plaça Espanya train station at Wikimedia Commons
- The Barcelona Metro stations (L1 and L3) listing at the Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) website
- Information and photos of the Llobregat–Anoia Line and Barcelona Metro (L1 and L3) stations at trenscat.cat (in Catalan)
- Videos on train operations at the Llobregat–Anoia Line and Barcelona Metro (L1 and L3) stations on YouTube