Barcelona Metro line 1

Line 1, shortened to L1, coloured red and often simply called Línia vermella ("Red Line"), is the second oldest Barcelona Metro line, after line L3. It is the longest line of the Barcelona Metro, and links L'Hospitalet de Llobregat and Santa Coloma de Gramenet. Originally operated by the independent Ferrocarril Metropolitano Transversal de Barcelona, it is today operated by Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) and is part of the ATM fare-integrated main transport system. L1 is the only metro line in Spain to use Iberian gauge tracks, as used by most Spanish main line railways.[1]

Barcelona Metro line 1
L1 barcelona.svg
Estació de Sant Andreu (Metro de Barcelona).jpg
Sant Andreu station
Overview
Service typeConventional metro[1]
StatusOperational
LocaleL'Hospitalet de Llobregat and Barcelona, Spain
First service1926
Current operator(s)TMB[1]
Route
StartHospital de Bellvitge
Stops30[1]
EndFondo
Distance travelled20.7 km (12.9 mi)[1]
Average journey time35 minutes[1]
Technical
Rolling stock6000 series[1]
Track gauge1,672 mm (5 ft 5 1316 in)[1]
ElectrificationRigid overhead wire[1]
Track owner(s)TMB
Route map
Hospital de Bellvitge
Bellvitge
Avinguda Carrilet
Rambla Just Oliveras R1 barcelona.svg R3 barcelona.svg R4 barcelona.svg
Can Serra
Florida
Torrassa L9 barcelona.svg
R2 barcelona.svg toward Bellvitge
Santa Eulàlia
Santa Eulàlia depot
Mercat Nou
L5 barcelona.svg
Plaça de Sants L5 barcelona.svg
Hostafrancs
Plaça d'Espanya L3 barcelona.svg
Rocafort
Urgell
Universitat L2 barcelona.svg
Plaça de Catalunya L3 barcelona.svg Rodalies de Catalunya símbol.svg
Urquinaona L4 barcelona.svg
Arc de Triomf R1 barcelona.svg R2 barcelona.svg R3 barcelona.svg R4 barcelona.svg
T4.svg
Marina T4.svg
Auditori/Teatre Nacional
Glòries T4.svg T5.svg
T4.svg T5.svg
Clot L2 barcelona.svg
Navas
Sagrera depot
La Sagrera L5 barcelona.svg L9 barcelona.svg L10 barcelona.svg R3 barcelona.svg R4 barcelona.svg
L5 barcelona.svg
Fabra i Puig R3 barcelona.svg R4 barcelona.svg R7 barcelona.svg
R3 barcelona.svg R4 barcelona.svg R7 barcelona.svg
Sant Andreu R2 barcelona.svg
Torras i Bages
Trinitat Vella
R2 barcelona.svg
Baró de Viver
Santa Coloma
Fondo L9 barcelona.svg
L9 barcelona.svg

The line was created in 1926 as a means to join the rail stations the city had in the 1920s, and in preparation for the 1929 Universal Exposition. It has been growing since then to become, as of 2007, a large line made up of 30 stations, the network's busiest. These stations are architecturally homogenous, and as in the case of most metro lines in Barcelona, ornamentation is virtually absent from them. Some of them are improving their artificial lighting. Most of the line is underground, except for one short section, and at one point it shares tunnels with mainline tracks.[1]

Future plans are for the line to be extended southbound into El Prat de Llobregat and from its north terminus into Badalona, where it will join L2 in Badalona Centre.[1][2]

HistoryEdit

 
Evolution of Line 1, 1926–1992 (including future extensions)
  • 1926 – Bordeta-Catalunya section opened.
  • 1932 – Bordeta-Santa Eulàlia and Catalunya-Arc de Triomf sections opened.
  • 1933 – Arc de Triomf-Marina section opened.
  • 1951 – Marina-Clot section opened.
  • 1952 – Clot-Navas section opened.
  • 1954 – Navas-Fabra i Puig section opened.
  • 1968 – Fabra i Puig-Torras i Bages section opened.
  • 1983 – Torras i Bages-Santa Coloma and Santa Eulàlia-Torrassa sections opened. Bordeta station closed.
  • 1987 – Torrassa-Avinguda Carrilet section opened.
  • 1989 – Avinguda Carrilet-Feixa Llarga (now Hospital de Bellvitge) section opened.
  • 1992 – Santa Coloma-Fondo section opened.

RouteEdit

 
Red line on Universitat station

The line runs from Hospital de Bellvitge, in the municipality of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, and Fondo, in Santa Coloma de Gramenet. Most of the line is underground, except for a short section between Plaça de Sants and Santa Eulàlia stations.[2]

Between Catalunya and Arc de Triomf stations, L1 shares tunnels with an ADIF owned main line railway, carrying RENFE operated Rodalies de Catalunya suburban passenger services. With four tracks in the tunnels, the outer tracks carry L1 metro services whilst the middle two tracks carry main line services. At Catalunya station, the L1 metro trains stop at side platforms, whilst the Rodalies de Catalunya trains serve an island platform. At Arc de Triomf station, the Rodalies de Catalunya trains stop at side platforms, whilst the L1 trains serve platforms in flanking single track tunnels. At the intermediate Urquinaona station, the L1 metro trains stop at side platforms, whilst main line trains do not stop.[2]

StationsEdit

The line serves the following stations:[2]

Location Station Opened Connections
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat Hospital de Bellvitge   1989
Bellvitge   1989
Avinguda Carrilet   1987 FGC: L8, S33, S4, S8, R5, R50, R6, R60
Rambla Just Oliveras   1987 Rodalies de Catalunya: R1, R3, R4, R12
Can Serra   1987
Florida   1987
Torrassa   1983 Barcelona Metro: L9, L10
Santa Eulàlia   1932
Sants-Montjuïc, Barcelona Mercat Nou   1926
Plaça de Sants   1926 Barcelona Metro: L5
Hostafrancs   1926
Plaça d'Espanya 1926 FGC: L8, S33, S4, S8, R5, R50, R6, R60
Barcelona Metro: L3
Eixample, Barcelona Rocafort   1926
Urgell   1926
Universitat   1926 Barcelona Metro: L2
Plaça de Catalunya   1926 Renfe Media Distancia: R12
Rodalies de Catalunya: R1, R3, R4, RG1
FGC: L6, L7, S1, S2, S5, S55
Barcelona Metro: L3
Urquinaona   1926
Arc de Triomf   1932 Rodalies de Catalunya: R1, R3, R4, RG1, R12
Barcelona Metro: L4
Sant Martí, Barcelona Marina   1933 Trambesòs: T4
Glòries   1951 Trambesòs: T4
Clot   1951 Renfe Media Distancia: R11 (at El Clot-Aragó)
Rodalies de Catalunya: R1, R2, R2 Nord, RG1 (at El Clot-Aragó)
Barcelona Metro: L2
Sant Andreu, Barcelona Navas   1953
La Sagrera-Meridiana   1954 Renfe Media Distancia: R12
Rodalies de Catalunya: R3, R4
Barcelona Metro: L5, L9, L10
Fabra i Puig   1954 Renfe Media Distancia: R12 (at Sant Andreu Arenal)
Rodalies de Catalunya: R3, R4, R7 (at Sant Andreu Arenal)
Sant Andreu   1968 Renfe Media Distancia: R11 (at Sant Andreu Comtal)
Rodalies de Catalunya: R2, R2 Nord (at Sant Andreu Comtal)
Torras i Bages   1968
Trinitat Vella 1983
Baró de Viver   1983
Santa Coloma de Gramenet Santa Coloma   1983
Fondo   1992 Barcelona Metro: L9

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "L1 – Hospital de Bellvitge – Fondo" (in Catalan). trenscat.com. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d "Track map of the Barcelona Metro". carto.metro.free.fr. Retrieved 15 November 2014.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 41°23′13″N 2°10′12″E / 41.387°N 2.170°E / 41.387; 2.170